Seven wonders of the world
Machu Picchu the ruined city is among the best known remnants of inca civilization, it is a 15th century settlement in the Amazon region of Peru.
Machu Picchu was constructed around 1450, at the height of inca empire, and was abandoned less than 100 years later, as the empire collapsed under the spanish conquest.
Machu Picchu is 70 kilometres northwest of Cusco on a mountain ridge. Machu Picchu located about 2350 metres above sea-level.
And this is one of the most visited tourist attraction in Peru and also one of the important archaeological centres in South America.
- Historical monuments of INDIA
A collection of pictures.
The spectacular mausoleum Taj Mahal stands in the city of Agra, India. This epitome of love is situated on the banks of river yamuna.
Taj Mahal, the white domed marble mausoleum was built by mughal emperor Shahjahan in memory of his beloved late wife Mumtaz Mahal.
The construction of Taj Mahal began in 1632 A.D and the work continued approxiamately up to 16 years, 20,000 workers laboured to build Taj Mahal. Calligraphers, stone carvers, skilled architects, inlay craftsmen and masons called from all across india, turkey, persia and baghdad.
Taj Mahal is generally considered the finest example of mughal architecture, style which combines elements of Persian, Turkish, Indian and Islamic architectural styles.
The roman colosseum originally named amphitheatrum flavium, the construction of this spectacular colosseum began in between 70-72 AD. Under roman emperor VESPASIANO and completed in 80 AD under TITUS. This colosseum is situated in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy.
It is originally capable of seating 50,000 spectators, and was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles, it is one of the greatest works of roman architecture and engineering and this is the largest ever built in roman empire.
It remained in use for nearly 500 years, it is one of modern rome`s most popular tourist attractions.
Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The statue is 39.6 metres tall and located at the peak of 700-m corcovado mountain.
The classical name Petra means " Rock "; and surely no city was ever more aptly named. But " Rock " only conveys half the picture of the city: the wild, fantastic shapes of the hills, the great chasms which cleave them, the brilliant colouring--all these must be seen to be believed. Petra is unique alike in its antiquities, its natural setting, and its approach.
The track winds down the hill from the little village of Wady Musa, with its neatly terraced gardens and vineyards looking more like a model than reality, and the first glimpse of the wildness. the first impression of the strangeness of the place is felt on entering the valley at the foot. Rocks weathered by tims into rounded masses like domed towers, the facade of an occasional tomb showing unexpectedly in some side valley--all is so different from what has just been left behind that there is the sensation of having wandered into another world. The valley narrows, and a sheer cliff in front seems to offer little promise of further progress. Rounding a corner, a great dam built of carefully dressed blocks of stone fills the valley from side to side and confirms this impression, but there is a narrow cleft in the cliff- face just by the wall. This is the road to Petra, and a handful of men could hold it against an army.
Beyond this clearing the gorge narrows again, with great tombs on either side. and a little further on is a theatre cut out of the living rock. In the course of cutting this theatre many tombs were sliced in half, and their inner chambers now gape open to the sunlight. Soon the hills fall back on either side and leave an open space about a mile long and three- quarters of a mile wide. Here, on the slopes, was the actual city, its temples, palaces, baths and private houses, with a fine paved street following the line of the stream, and bridges reaching across at intervals. This was the great capital of the Nabataeans, from which, at the height of their power, they ruled the country as far north as Damascus. There was an earlier Edomite town on the site, but of that practically no traces now remain. The city was extensively occupied from about the fifth century B.C. to the fifth century A.D., and was at its heyday during the fifth centuries B.C. and A.D. There are Biblical references to the city of Sela, and as this name has the same meaning as Petra, the one may, perhaps, be identified with the other. All the monuments and buildings now visible belong, however, to the Nabataean and Roman periods. The extreme softness of the sandstone prevented any finely detailed work being done, and the sculptors had to devise a style to suit their material. This they did very effectively, and it is a tribute to their skill in design that none of the tombs, however small, seems dwarfed by the great cliffs which tower above them. They all fit perfectly into the general picture, and do not in any way detract from the natural beauties of the site. From the open space of the town site, valleys go off in all directions, and hours could be spent wandering up and down these narrow ravines. They are lined on both sides with houses and tombs, of infinite variety and size, and at every turn fresh beauties, natural and man made, greet the eye. Occasionally flights of steps will be seen winding their way up the sides of the mountains, paths up which the worshippers climbed on their way to the high places of sacrifice. Many of the tombs are occupied by Arabs, and during the day the cliffs echo to the strange cries with which they herd and control their flocks of goats. After sunset their fires make tiny points of light in the enveloping darkness, and snatches of song may occasionally be heard, pitched in a high, quavering tone, and sounding unnaturally loud in the utter stillness. Some of the largest and most elaborate of the tombs are cut in the rock- face to the north- east of the city area. The facade of one is cut in imitation of a three- storeyed Roman palace. The rock at this point was not high enough to accommodate the top storey, so it was built up with blocks of stone. Another, known as the Tomb of the Urn, has massive substructures consisting of two storeys of vaults, built to extend the length of the platform, or courtyard, in front of it. The interior of this tomb is wonderfully preserved; every corner is as sharp as the day it was finished, and the evenness of walls and ceiling is astonishing. It is, perhaps, one of the finest examples to be seen of the unaborned stone- cutters' art. These must have been the tombs of the kings of Petra, and near them is the tomb of a Roman Governor, whose name, Sextus Florentinus, is given in a Latin inscription above the portico.
Stories of the great wealth of Petra soon caused the Romans to cast covetous eyes in that direction. Two or three attempts to capture the city failed completely, though the Nabataeans as a nation were made to pay tribute. But with all its inaccessibility, it could not hold out against the might of Rome, and in A.D. 106 Petra with all its territory became a Roman Province. The Emperor Trajan built a great road. which passed through Petra, connecting Syria with the Red Sea. Under Roman rule Petra prospered greatly, and some of the finest monuments date from this period. The one surviving built structure, the Temple, was erected under Roman supervision. More and more wealth was lavished on the city, foreign craftsmen were brought in to embellish and beautiful it, and it became one of the wonders of the world.
The Great Wall Of China
The Great Wall Of China
Several walls, referred to as the Great Wall of China, were built since the 5th century BC, the most famous being the one built between 220 BC and 200 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang.
The Great Wall is the world's longest human-made structure, stretching over approximately 6,400 km from Shanhai Pass in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. It is also the largest human-made structure ever built in terms of surface area and mass.
Chichen Itza, Mexico
Chichén Itza is possibly the most famous temple city of the Mayas, a pre-Columbian civilization that lived in present day Central America. It was the political and religious center of Maya civilization during the period from A.D. 750 to 1200.
At the city's heart lies the Temple of Kukulkan (pictured)-which rises to a height of 79 feet (24 meters). Each of its four sides has 91 steps-one step for each day of the year, with the 365th day represented by the platform on the top.