Five tips for better photos
1. Compostion - When looking through the viewfinder, divide the frame into thirds both horizontally and vertically. Some digital cameras will do this for you via a setting. Place your subject of interest at the intersection of these imaginary lines. This is know as the Rule of Thirds.
2. Lighting - The main light source should be behind you. Avoid lighting from behind the subject. Also be aware of reflective surfaces behind the subject when using flash.
3. Exposure - Expose for the subject. With some cameras you can press the shutter release part way to lock the exposure. If your camera allows this, center the subject in the viewfinder, press the shutter partway and then move the camera to compose the photo and press the shutter the rest of the way.
4. Camera movement - If the camera is moving when you release the shutter, you will not have a sharp image. Squeeze the shutter release, hold your breath, brace yourself against walls, doorways, fences
5. Background - Be aware of the background, nothing ruins a photo more than having a flagpole or tree appearing to grow out of someone's head.
#6 Create a frame for your subject by using a wall, doorway or a tree. Place this object on the right side of your photo. This allows the viewer's eye to scan from the left, see your subject and then be blocked by the frame. Their eye will then 'bounce' back to the subject.