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Calculating Day Count for Accrued Interest and Market Values

Updated on March 7, 2013

Introduction

 When calculating the market value of an asset it is necessary to use the correct number of days (day count) since the last payment.

There are several industry standard methods of estabilishing the number of days to use. Each stock or bond will have the method used detailed in the listing particulars, or uses a known method eg UK Treasury Stocks use the ICMA Actual/Actual (ACT/ACT - ICMA) method.

Using the information in the next section to get the factor, the actual amount of Accrued interest would be calculated thus:-

AInt = Nominal x couponRate x factor

The result would then be added to (Nominal x cleanPrice / 100) to get the full market value

Glossary

Term 
Description
Date1
Starting point of the accrual. This would be either the issue date or the date of the last interim payment.
D1,M1,Y1 
The date parts (day, month year) of Date1 
Date2 
date to which interest is being accrued. (When dealing with a trade this is the settlement/payment date) 
D2,M2,Y2
The date parts (day, month year) of Date2
Date3
next interest payment date after date2. This would be the maturity date if there are no more interim payments to be made
D3,M3,Y3
The date parts (day, month year) of Date3
EOM
End of the Calendar month
Freq
Annual interim payment frequency e.g. 4 = paid quarterly
Nom
Nominal (aka par value) or quantity

Calculation Formulas

Where the notation Daten – Datem is used, it is the difference between the two dates expressed in days.

30/360

First of all make the following substitutions :-
If D1 = 31 set D1 = 30
If D2 = 31 and D1 = 30 or 31 set D2 = 30
If M1 = 2 and Y1 is a leap year and D1=29 set D1=30
If M1 = 2 and Y1 is not a leap year and D1=28 set D1=30

Factor = [ (360 x (Y2-Y1)) + (30 x (M2-M1)) + (D2-D1) ] / 360

ISMA 30/360 (30E/360)

First of all make the following substitutions
If D1 = 31 set D1 = 30
If D2 = 31 set D2 = 30

Factor = [ (360 x (Y2-Y1)) + (30 x (M2-M1)) + (D2-D1) ] / 360

30E+/360

First of all make the following substitutions:-
If D1 = 31 set D1=30
If D2 = 31 and M2 = 12 set M2 = 1, D2=1 and Y2 = Y2 + 1
If D2 = 31 set M2=M2 + 1 and D2=1

Factor = [ (360 x (Y2-Y1)) + (30 x (M2-M1)) + (D2-D1) ] / 360

ISDA ACT/ACT

If neither Date1 nor Date2 are in a leap year treat as ACT/365

Otherwise:-
YD1 Number of days in the year of Y1 i.e. if Y1 is a leap year then YD1=366
YD2 Number of days in the year of Y2
DD1 Number of days between Date1 and 31st December of Y1
DD2 Number of days between 1st January of Y2 and Date2

Factor = (DD1 / YD1) + (DD2 / YD2)

NL/365

This is basically ACT/365 but disregards 29th Feb

If neither Y1 nor Y2 are in a leap year then treat as ACT/365
If Y1 is a leap year and M1 > 2 treat as ACT/365
If Y2 is a leap year and M2 = 1 treat as ACT/365
If Y2 is a leap year and M2 = 2 and D2 < 29 treat as ACT/365

Otherwise

Factor = [ (Date2 – Date1) -1 ] / 365

ACT/ACT (ICMA)

This is the method used when calculating accrued interest on Gilts

Factor = (date2 - date1) / [Freq x (date3 - date1)]

ACT/365L (ACT/ACT AFB)

If Freq = 1 and Y1 is a leap year and M1 < 3 treat as ACT/366
If Freq = 1 and Y3 is a leap year and M3 > 2 treat as ACT/366
If Freq = 1 and Y3 is a leap year and M3 = 2 and D3 = 29 treat as ACT/366
If Freq > 1 and Y3 is a leap year treat as ACT/366

Otherwise

Factor = (date2 - date1) / 365

ACT/360

Factor = (date2 – date1) / 360

ACT/365 (aka ACT/365 Fixed)

Factor = (date2 - date1) / 365

ACT/366 (This is not a real type, but a catch-all for others where specified above)

Factor = (date2 - date1) / 366

Comments

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    • profile image

      Christian Fries 

      5 years ago

      Your formula for ACT/ACT ISDA is only correct if Y2 = Y1 +1. For the general case add (Y2-Y1-1) to factor and consider Y2=Y1... for an implementation (Java) see http://svn.finmath.net/finmath%20lib/trunk/src/mai...

    • profile image

      ahmed aliyu muhammed 

      6 years ago

      i wil be an finanance

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