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Income Tax Authorities

Updated on October 8, 2009

Income Tax Authorities

The Federal Board of Revenue


"Federal Board of Revenue" means the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) established under the Federal Board of Revenue Act, 2007.

Who appointed the FBR?

The Federal Government has appointed the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) by the authority of the Federal Board of Revenue Act, 2007.

Basic function of the FBR:

Tax collection shall be the basic function of the FBR.

Status of the FBR:

FBR shall be the highest executive authority in Pakistan.

Head of the FBR:

Chairman of the FBR shall be the main authority in the FBR who shall be appointed by the Federal Government.

Members of the FBR:

FBR shall consist of at least seven members who shall be appointed by the Federal Government.

Powers and Functions of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR):

The FBR has following powers and performs the following functions in the presence of its powers:

1)         Approval of research institutions: [26(2)]

            The FBR may approve any institution engaged in scientific research in Pakistan    as “Scientific Research Institution” so that such institution may claim its scientific     research expenditures as deduction against income from business.

2)         Approval of employee training scheme: [27(c)]

The FBR may approve a Pakistani employee training scheme against which deduction is allowed to business.

3)         Approval of Leasing Companies and Modaraba: [28(3)]

The FBR may approve any leasing company or Modaraba, where lease rental payment made to such company is allowed as deduction against income from business to that person who makes such payment.

4)         Approval of charitable institutions: [61]

            The FBR may approve any institution as a charitable institution for the        purposes of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, especially, for donation      purposes.

5)         Method of accounting: [32(3)]

            The FBR may specify that any class of persons shall record its "Income from        Business" on a cash or accrual basis.

6)         Apportionment of deductions: [67(2)]

            The FBR may make rules u/s 237 for the purposes of apportioning             deductions where the expenditure relates to the derivation of more than one      head of income.

7)         Permission for tax year: [74]

            The FBR may permit person or class of persons to use special tax year instead    of normal tax year.

8)         Power to demand particular data: [180]

The FBR may demand any data regarding exempted income of any industrial and commercial organization (By delivering data collection and compilation responsibility to any government or private department)

9)         Authority of circulars: [206]

            The FBR may issue circulars to achieve consistency in the administration of the   Ordinance and to provide guidance to taxpayers and officers of the FBR.

10)       Empowerment of general administration:

            The FBR shall exercise the general administration of the Income Tax         Ordinance, 2001.

11)       Appointment of income tax authorities: [208]

            The FBR may appoint as many income tax authorities as are necessary.

12)       Criterion for selection of audit: [177(1)]

The FBR may define criterion to guide the Commissioner of Income Tax that how the CIT select a particular person to conduct audit of its income tax affairs during a particular tax year.

13)       Appointment of the auditor: [177(8)]

            The FBR may appoint a firm of Chartered Accountants, to conduct an audit of the             income tax affairs of any person.

14)       Determination of the scope of audit: [179(8)]

            The scope of any audit conducted by firm of Chartered Accountants or Cost and   Management Accounts shall be determined by the FBR on a case to case basis.

15)       Determination of jurisdiction: [209(6)]

Where a question arises as to whether a Commissioner has jurisdiction over a person or not, the question shall be decided by the RCIT or RCITs concerned and, if they are not in agreement, it is determined by the FBR.

16)       Authority of approval: [212]

            The FBR may authorize the RCIT or the CIT to grant approval on behalf of the       FBR.

17)       Registration of income tax practitioners: [223(10)]

            The FBR may make rules u/s 237 for the registration of income tax            practitioners.

18)       Power to make rules: [237(1)]

            The FBR may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for            carrying out the purposes of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.

19)       Delegation of powers: [209(2)]

The FBR may delegate all or any of its powers and functions to any income tax authority.

20)       Unexplained income or assets:

The FBR may make rules u/s 237 for the procedure of taxation of any unexplained income or asset of any person discovered by any income tax authority.

21)       Supervision of subordinate authorities:

            The FBR supervises the functions, duties and jurisdiction of its subordinate           authorities.


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    • profile image

      Tanush Puri 

      2 years ago

      Nice webpage ....I got all my data from that page

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I’d like to write like this too

    • profile image

      Adnan pirzada 

      3 years ago

      i know its a copy but it useful for those students who required data about fbr.thank you its a good i like it.....

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Как и следовало ожидать, неопределенность плоского опирания привела к крайне большому распылению результатов, особенно в первый период исследований, проводившихся ASCE до 1919 г., пока методика испытаний не былаПрикол - еще четко раззаботана.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I used to find at the top of lifestyle nevertheless these days I've piled up any weight.

    • profile image

      maria khan 

      6 years ago

      it is true it is the completely paste from book "the income tax ordinance 2oo1"not good.

    • profile image


      6 years ago


    • profile image


      6 years ago

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      We must eliminate my Production Tax Credit on wind development. We need to demand which unfortunately its IRS require proof coming from all eligibility to produce some of the child tax credit in the market to prevent illegal aliens produced by illegally receiving this benefit.

    • profile image

      M M Ali M 

      6 years ago

      great notes

    • profile image

      sajjad latif 

      6 years ago

      except FBR no other authorities have been mentioned of the board .that's not enough

    • profile image

      Muhammad Umer 

      7 years ago

      It is just a copy from a book but thanx to the publisher for pasting this useful data for the students of every region. thanx a lot. Jazaka Allah

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      nice for students

    • profile image

      M Qasim 

      7 years ago

      there isn't define the authorities of the person working in fbr

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      great work!

    • profile image


      7 years ago


    • profile image


      8 years ago

      i like it .i found my useful data from here but its not sufficient for any one who is going to search about role and power of FBR.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      the power and functions of Federal board of revenue isn,t in detail there must be detail submtion.......


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