The Metamorphosis Of Structures!
The beginning of metamorphorsis!
The infrastructure especially housing in my area has undergone a complete metamorphosis. They have evolved over a period of time and a person who died two hundred and twenty years ago will be completely lost in the new maze. At first the housing used to be very many kilometers apart. Most of the area was covered by forests with scattered cultivated farms here and there. Roads used to be winding paths in the forest that were infested by wild animals which was a menace to travelers especially at night. Travelers used to be armed to the teeth as they moved from one place to the other.
Transport and communication was very hard and difficult that many people would have had it hard to associate with others were it not that the bond of togetherness held them together. The rule of association always held them together.
How Have The Housing Evolved Over The Time?
The hut and its paraphernalia.
The thatched hut used to be the mode of housing in the area. Many people could just go to the nearest forest and cut poles to use to construct their houses. Special barks of certain trees were used to tie the poles in place to make a structure in which the grass was to be used as a thatch for the roof. Certain reeds that were found in marshes were used to tie the thatch in place. The grass was a special type of long grass that grew in the area. Those who were poor used a certain type of grass which grew in swampy places. The grass was not long lasting like the special one which grew on dry land.
Once the houses were thatched, the floor was leveled and hardened by hitting with a certain stick. Special soil was added as they continued to hit and smear water. When the floor was dry, cow dung mixed with a certain type of soil was smeared on the floor to make it attractive and ling lasting.
The walls were usually made with clay which was mixed with water and threshed with the feet to a fine sticky substance that was plastered on the walls. There were times when cow dung and ash was mixed with the clay. When dry the structure became durable. Though ants could eat all the posts that held the house in position, the clay could still hold the house and it could not crash to the ground come rain or sun.
Mostly the doors were made of a skin tied on a framework of poles. The latches used to be made of skin and poles.
The containers that used to be used in the houses were made of wood smoothened by few metal tools that they had. The metal tools were made with blacksmiths who could use special clay to extract metals that made hoes, machetes and spearheads. Some other hoes were made of wood. The containers that were used were mainly made of clay. The containers were fired in a kiln to make them durable and able to hold liquids without cracking.
The huts were fitted with a ceiling which used to be a store for the items in the house. There was a special place outside where firewood was tied either to dry or as a store.
There was a large stone which was flat at the top placed outside purposely to be used to grind millet, sorghum and cassava for the meals of the household. A smaller stone which half spherical and flat on one side was used to grind the flour on the large stone, Life was cheap and interesting.
The Iron Roof Corrugated Houses.
People soon began to build semi-permanent houses. The houses were made from trees with roofs made of corrugated iron sheets. At first the iron sheets used to be re-used pieces of iron from containers that were normally used to carry oil and other tinned commodities. Later corrugated iron sheets came into being and were used to roof houses. Nails were normally used to hold the sheets in place as they were now available.
Floors were still smeared with cow dung though chairs made of timber were now available. The walls were still made of mud. Poles were used as the skeleton in which the mud rested. This time, however, the poles were held together with nails.
Containers made of iron like cooking pans and charcoal burners came into being too. Life was simpler as cupboards were available to be used to keep things in. Wardrobes were also available and many other pieces of furniture came into being.
Brick Houses Come To The Village.
It happened that some people traveled to other places and came with the idea of brick making. A mold was to be made in which to shape the bricks and ensure that they are the same size. Nails had been discovered and people had also learnt to make timber. The moulds were made of timber.
Once the mould was ready, those concerned made enough clay for the work of brick making. The clay was normally covered with banana leaves and left for a few days. When the time was ripe, they used to mould the bricks in the mould and left to dry for some time in the shade before putting them in the sun to dry. At first the bricks were used once they were dry to build the houses. Clay was used to join the bricks together. The walls were made of bricks but the roof remained to be thatched,
Later the people discovered that if they bake the bricks they became hard, durable and water resistant. They began making kilns in which they could bake the bricks. Once baked, they still used clay to join them together during the time of construction.
With time cement came by and they began joining the bricks with sand mixed with cement. The first iron sheets that were used in constructing the roof s of houses were acquired from old used tins. The tins were used to carry commodities like oil. The tins were cut and used to roof the houses.
Soon many people started building these houses and later they started making blocks from sand mixed with cement. Iron sheets came into use as roofing material. Permanent houses came into being.
With proper housing came the need for accessible roads. Roads started being made and the first cars started to use these roads. There was a great improvement on the transportation of people and so people moved and toured other places. Electricity and telephones also came into being making life more interesting and easier to be lived.
The metamorphosis did not stop there as now people had gone to work outside their homes and came with new ideas. People had gone abroad and fought in World War 1 and World War 11 and were more informed.
Permanent And Storey Houses
With more ideas came better houses. Storey houses started coming about. As many people were born, the area started becoming more overpopulated. Spaces became scarce and so they wanted to make proper use of the available space.