NAWAB AKBAR SHAHBAZ KHAN BUGTI
A BRAVE POLITICIAN.
Nawab Akbar Bugti, son of Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti and grand son of Sir Shahbaz Khan Bugti was born in Barkham District, Balochistan on July 12, 1927.
Nawab Akbar Bugti was Sunni Muslim, he was very strong in his tribal area and he created his own Political Party and named it Jamhori Watan Party (JWP).
Nawab Akbar Bugti was the 13th Governor of Balochistan, preceded by Gaus Bakhsh Bizenjo and succeeded by Ahmed Yar Khan.
He became 5th Chief Minister of Baluchistan on February 4th 1989 and stayed as C.M. Balochistan till august 6th 1990.
Nawab Akbar Bugti was elected in a by-election for National Assembly of Pakistan in May 1958 to fill the vacancy created as a result of the assassination of Dr. Khan Sahib and sat on the government benches as a member of the ruling coalition.
Nawab Akbar Bugti served as an interior minister of state in the government of Prime Minister Malik Sir Feroze Khan Noon from September 20th, 1958 till October 7th, 1958, when the cabinet was dismissed on the declaration of Martial Law by President Iskander Mirza.
Nawab Akbar Bugti developed differences with the Leadership of National Awami Party (NAP) especially with Gaus Baksh Bizenjo, the new Governor of Baluchistan. He informed President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (PPP) about the differences as a result of which both Governor and the Chief Minister Sardar Attaullah Khan Mengal with his cabinet was dismissed on February 14th, 1973.
Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was appointed as Governor of Baluchistan and the Pakistan Army was deployed in the province as part of crackdown on the National Awami Party.
Nawab Akbar Bugti resigned on January 1, 1974 after disagreeing with federal government because of their policies in Balochistan. He supported the military action in Balochistan, in which the Pakistan Army had killed more than 4,000 Balochi, mostly Marri insurgents.
General Rahimuddin Khan was appointed as governor of Baluchistan in 1978. Akbar Bugti remained silent throughout his period. In 1988, Nawab Akbar Bugti joined Baluchistan National Alliance and was elected as chief minister on February 4, 1989. His government frequently disagreed with the Federal government lead by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (PPP).
Nawab Akbar Bugti resigned on August 6, 1990, when the provincial government was dissolved by governor of Baluchistan, General Muhammed Musa Khan in accordance with the instructions of President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, who exercised his authority by virtue of Article 58 (2b) of the constitution of Pakistan.
Nawab Akbar Bugti formed his own political party, Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP) for 1990 General Election. JWP being Balochistan's single largest party, Nawab Akbar bugti was elected as an MPA (Balochistan).
In 1993, Akbar Bugti was elected as an MNA, representing JWP in Parliament, Bugti also announced his candidacy for President of Pakistan but later withdrew his candidacy in favour of Sardar Farooq Ahmed Khan Lagari.
In 1997, Bugti was re-elected as an MNA from Balochistan representing JWP in the Parliament. Bugti was involved in struggles at times in Balochistan during 1950 to 1970. He led the current movement in Pakistan for greater autonomy.
In recent years Akbar Bugti was accused by the Federal Government of being a war lord and running a well organized militia. Sometimes thought to be the shadowy Baluchistan Liberation Army (BLA) with members numbering in thousands.
In July 2006, President General Musharraf targeted him through aerial bombing using air force jets and gunship helicopters.
The leaders of BNP Sardar Akhtar Mengal said, "The increase in bomb attacks in Bugti and Marri areas are meant to target Baloch Nationalist leader, Nawab Akbar Bugti and his associates." and called upon the International Community to take note of the situation.
On Saturday, August 26, 2006, around 22:30 hours (PST), Nawab AKbar Bugti was killed when a shell exploded in the cave, where he was hiding.
Six troops including 1 colonel and two majors also died, who went there for negotiations.
Both Pakistani as well as global media has severely condemned the killing as the military's biggest blunder.
LINEAGE OF NAWAB AKBAR BUGTI
SHAHZAIN BUGTI - GRANDSON OF NAWAB AKBAR BUGTI
Other grandsons include:
- Brahamdagh Khan Bugti s/o Rehan Khan Bugti.
- Mir Aali Bugti s/o Salim Bugti.
- Washane Bugti & Sarang Bugti, grandsons of Sardar Ahmed Nawaz Bugti.
- Ahmed Marri & Mohammad Marri, son of Humayun Khan Marri.