10 biting challenges facing the world currently
The world is undergoing myriad of socio-cultural and political challenges. Every corner of the world talking of Europe, America, Africa, Asia or the Oceania; the problems are nearly same kinds. Here is the list of top 10 snags bringing the world on its knees.
It may not be top of the list, but unemployment is one of the most dangerous problems facing the citizens of the world. Contrary to the olden days, various countries have overwhelming number of graduates. There has been a joke that if one throws a stone crowd in Lagos, Nigeria, the probability of hitting a graduate is three-quarters.
But sadly, those graduates do not have jobs. For those with economic incomes, they are either casually employed or are indulged in other ‘irrelevant’ jobs that they never learnt academically. This scenario still fits within the dimension of unemployment. The Trading Economics reveals that unemployment rate has gone as far as 31% in South Africa. The lowest percentage is registered United Arab Emirates, Malaysia and Norway at 4%. This implies that unemployment is serious global problem owing to the fact that it leads to other problems. Such include crimes and other social challenges.
Controlling impending population explosion
As much as the world records high mortalities in a single calendar year, birthrate is overwhelming. There are maternal and child mortalities registered in poor continents like Africa and Asia. Nevertheless, these challenges have been made points of focus by the territorial governments together with global bodies like UNICEF and WHO. Currently, there are declines in infant and maternal mortalities.
The 2014 report by the World Population Data Sheet in Africa, child mortality has decreased significantly by 66% over the years. Some countries like Uganda and Yemen have had 33% reduction as indicated by the report. As gains are made, fresh challenges are coming out of it. This is because there is impending population explosion. By 2050, Africa is expected to have 2.4 billion populations down from 1.1 billion, the report reveals. In this case, controlling population growth is becoming a greater challenge for many countries especially the developing ones.
HIV/AIDs, Diabetes & Cancers
Without any qualms most deaths are caused by diseases. HIV& AIDS, Cancers, Diabetes are leading as the causes of most mortality in the world today. Yes HIV & AIDS looks somewhat manageable through the use of anti-retroviral drugs and the administration of PEPs to mitigate infections, but there is much more to be done.
In the developing countries, large percentages of new infections are registered on daily basis making its mitigation a big challenge. The Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention in its finding of 2014 revealed another dimension pertaining new HIV infections. In rural Southeastern County for instance, 135 out 4,200 people who were infected had Hepatitis C. Cancers of the cervix, breast and prostate have claimed as many lives too in both developing and developed world. Add to this risk of diabetes that is affecting both young and old, the world is worried about these three diseases.
Food is a necessity in human life. People do not just require food for physiological purpose that entails the sustenance of body cells but in totality, for living. But as known to many that global population is bulging at alarming rate, the incidence of this is indeed dire. High population growth rate leads to the encroachment of arable land for farming. As a corollary, agro-based food production avenues are becoming slimmer and slimmer.
It therefore implies that food scarcity problem is becoming a more pronounced problem. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) indicates that in 2008, the escalating food prices drove around 110 million people into poverty. Additional 44 million became undernourished as a result of the food shortage. The ravaging global effects of food scarcity have been very eminent in the African continent. Countries like South Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya are perennial problems victims of these problems.
There is a reason why integrity is emphasized by many governments when it comes to service delivery. Corruption has proven adverse records against the economic development and this is evident in the developing countries. Countries that grapple with many socio-economic challenges such as unemployment and insecurity have been alleged to be having higher corruption index. Most countries in Africa have such kinds of problems, and others in other continents as well.
The Transparency International asserts that most corruption cases manifest in the forms of influx of counterfeit drugs into the market, poorly equipped schools that are otherwise approved and elections decided by money.
By 2014, Denmark was topping the list of the least corrupt as Somalia closed the list as the most wanting in fighting graft. The highest ranked African was Rwanda at 55th position and this depicts that corruption is a menace is the developing countries. It stifles developments.
One obvious thing that must be acknowledged is the need for disaster preparedness. Natural calamities like earthquakes, mudslides, heavy downpour, drought, famine, fires, and even tsunamis are often unpredictable but they strike with higher numbers of fatalities. Have natural calamities existed since the days of our ancestors? That they are not new to the current generation? The answer is a “YES” for these two questions.
On the flipside, there is a major reason why the contemporary generation sits at the brink of experiencing lethal calamities every calendar year. The main reason for this is the climate change. Currently, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) lists floods as the most prevalent problem. The other natural calamities are storms, droughts and extreme temperatures. Asian countries like India have hit the headlines for being unbearable when heat goes beyond limit. These are just a few of the natural calamities, add to the earth quake that recently hit Nepal, they are endless.
Endangered traditional family
Take this to the bank! Very few people care less about their matrimonial life. Yes! People want to be seen to be having spouses but few are able to withhold pressures that come with the need for commitment. The world of today is where many people get married for the sake of it. Some do it to keep abreast with what social surroundings demand of them.
The point is that the traditional family is under siege. The high modicum of concentration that was assigned to the matrimonial institution is long gone. The end result of this is that marriages are breeding children that are focused on other things but extraordinarily blunt in keeping paternal and maternal roles when they grow up. In the United Kingdom for instance, 2 million of the parents are single. As much as independent parents may feel comfortable raising the children, the effects are much more detrimental to the kids.
The world changes in many aspects but there is one thing that has never changed. This is the desire to worship God. Atheists exist but the number of those who are converted in a single year supersedes those who fall out of love with their previous fates. Worshipping is never a problem to the world and in fact; it is a virtue. As most people plan to attend church sessions on Saturdays and Sundays, there are sections of people who are creating confusion at the behest of unsuspecting faithful-these are con pastors.
There are pastors coming with newer churches and minting millions out of the oblivious members. While catholic priests are worth 25,000 $ and imams are 35,000$, some self-proclaimed churches make up to 40,000$ annually. They are ranked among the top global millionaires reveals Huffington post. This adds much confusion on the minds of faithful. They can seldom draw a line between churches and business enterprises.
Escalating crime rates
Here is a reason why recruiting people into police force have to be maintained by the highest ounce possible. Crimes are either shooting or taking newer dimensions, many governments have to locate larger portions of the budgets for it. By taking a global look, some countries like South Africa, Somalia, Mexico among others have hit the headlines but for the wrong reasons. The Eurostat Statistics indicates that the most common crimes are violent crimes, homicide, robbery by violence, property crime and drug offences.
This list is endless taking account that some criminals use abduction, hacking and many others to mint cash. Given the problem of unemployment, a crime emerges as its construct amongst the youth. This can be alleged to be spearheaded by idleness too. Crime is a global snag, a big one. Why? Criminals do not hesitate to kill; lives are lost in the process making it one of the serious concerns.
Terror! Terror! Nothing can describe the incidence of terror in the current times. Globally, no one feels safe. From the confines of the Middle East to the US and to East African parts of the world-No one is safe. The presence of terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda, ISIS, Boko Haram and Al Shaabab makes terror the leading global concern.
The Asian continent is obviously the most dreaded part of the world, followed by some countries in South America and Africa. Global Terrorism Index of 2014 places Iraq at the apex with a rating of 10.00 on the terrorism scale. India and Philippines come in the top 10, as Nigeria and Kenya are ranked in top 15 making terror a complete global scare. Basing the observation on the magnitude with which terror has claimed many lives, it is indeed the most intriguing challenge to the world peace. No one is safe when it comes to terror.
Debris of the buildings in after Nepal earthquake
Links to the statistics
- Unemployment Rate - Countries - List
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