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Aborigines of Oceana: Australian Aboriginals are First People out of Africa

Updated on December 24, 2016
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Ms. Inglish offers 30 years successful experience in medicine, psychology, STEM courses, and aerospace education (CAP).

Aboriginal dancers telling Dreamtime stories at the Sydney Olympics opening ceremony.
Aboriginal dancers telling Dreamtime stories at the Sydney Olympics opening ceremony. | Source

The Dreamtime

Sacred Foundation Stories

My favorite scene from the 1983 film of the early US Space Program, The Right Stuff, is the scene in which John Glenn orbits the Earth in Friendship 7 in Australia's night sky, watched by Aborigines and accepted into Dreamtime prophecies fulfilled. These are the legendary spiritual foundation stories of Earth as the Aboriginals, or Koories, have accepted and handed down through an oral traditions and their fine arts through time.

The Dreamtime represents the legendary past of the aborigines, known in anthropology as foundation myths; however, Aboriginals can enter the Dreamtime currently by Dreaming, a specific activity that may include sleep, dreams, medications, and visions.

The Dreamtime of the past was the era in which spirit ancestors traveled throughout the new, flat Earth, providing its physical forms and topographies and delivering societal rules for "the people that were always there" to follow. Some of these spirits were the Fertility Mother or the Great Rainbow Snake governs all life and death, the Djanggawul brothers, and many others that are remembered in today's traditional ceremonies as preserved in Aboriginal culture.

Spirit in the Sky

Click thumbnail to view full-size
John H. Glenn"UFO"s photographed in Mercury and Gemini missions.
John H. Glenn
John H. Glenn
"UFO"s photographed in Mercury and Gemini missions.
"UFO"s photographed in Mercury and Gemini missions.

Dreamtime Symbols

Particularly interesting is the importance of the Great Snake. It represents origin, DNA, medicine, and healing and is often presented in contemporary Aboriginal fine art coiled, alongside the double helix of DNA.

The Dreamtime is sacred to aborigine people and is taught in a prescribed manner. Some parts and meanings of their foundation stories and ceremonies are open to only to adult males that have experienced certain specific rights of passage. This is rather akin to the 13-year-old Masai youth that must leave his village and slay a lion and bringing back one of its body parts in order to be readmitted to society. What the particular Aboriginal rights of passage in Australia are, we do not know.

UFOs and Spirits in the Dreamtime

John Glenn saw this UFO and later, small beings of light outside of his capsule window.
John Glenn saw this UFO and later, small beings of light outside of his capsule window. | Source

Similarly, Aboriginal women have had their own set of sacred ceremonies form which the men have been excluded In fact, there is a regular conference of Women's sacred ceremonies worldwide that is attended by female elders of the Aboriginals and other Indigenous peoples able to attend. This was brought to light by the California journalist Lynn Anderson in her examination of medicine and shamanic practices around the world.

While there are traditions and ceremonies meant solely for men or only for women, there are sacred ceremonies that the entire community attends, including the children.

A Dreamtime Story

Aborigines and Other Indigenous Peoples

As I discovered information, especially in the Digital Age about Circumpolar Peoples, I became increasingly interested in other groups of Indigenous Peoples.

The Circumpolar Peoples migrated around the top of the world, so to speak, and are all genetically related to some extent and most rather closely. It is interesting to find out the facts about whether all peoples on Earth are actually related closely, because they may, or may not be.

Hubbers writing good articles on Hub Pages have contributed additional information about Indigenous Peoples, including knowledge of the theory that the Basque, historically in Spain, have not been closely related to the rest of mankind.

In addition, an overview article related to the Smithsonian Institution's world DNA and human migration tracking put forth the idea that at least one tribe or nation in New Zealand is not closely related to the rest of Earth's people.

On top of all of this, in the late 20th century, early blood type tracking in a now out-of-print self-published book suggested that the builders of Stonehenge were Africans that migrated to what is now the UK; and that this nation moved the stone blocks of Stonehenge from Wales to their present site without help from outsiders. These three bits of information are rather obscure and remain questions to complete.

A 1920s hair sample reveals Aboriginal Australians' explorer origins as the first descendants of early Africans.

— Scientific American, 2011

Aboriginal Origins Disputed

According to indigenous legends, The Aborigines were always there in Australia and in New Zealand. Another theory is that they perhaps traveled to Australia 90,000 years ago from Africa. Other theories maintain that African peoples migrated from Egypt to Australia anywhere from 50,000 to 40,000 years ago. However, the name aborigine means Those That Were Always There in their land of Bandaiyan. The culture of the Australian Aboriginals holds that they have resided nowhere else and where placed in Oceana by their Spirit Ancestors.

The global DNA tracking project supported by the Smithsonian Institution has uncovered numerous facts about aboriginal people in Oceana, specifically Australia and New Zealand. In the spring of 2005, It was discovered that a certain tribe of New Zealand Aboriginals possessed DNA that differed enough from that of the rest of mankind that it made them a different species.

No further research has been presented about this phenomenon in New Zealand. As the global migration and DNA project advances through the 21st century, perhaps we will learn that the Aboringals of the Australian Continent and surrounding lands were indeed always there.

A major related study entitled SahulTime is a research project that has created an interactive model of the ancient Australian continent as it existed from perhaps 100,000 years ago. Monash University created this online experience within its six Australian campuses. Monash maintains additional physical sites in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Johannesburg (South Africa). Additionally, Monash University maintains partnerships with the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay and with entities in North America and China.

Monash research specialties include projects in avian influenza (bird flu), international security and global terrorism, salinity, global warming/climate change and sustainability, economic development, and racial tension. The last has led to considerable study of the Aboriginals in Australia, New Zealand, and surrounding areas for better understanding and enhanced administration of human rights.

Discovery, Rout, and Recovery

The "discovery" of Australia by western Europeans occurred around 1606 when the Dutch captain William Jansz landed on the continent. He described the people "...savage, cruel, black barbarians who slew some... sailors."

Also in 1606, Luis Vaez de Torres of Spain sailed around the strait that was later named Torres Strait. He called the fat and naked: "... Their arms [weapons] were lances, arrows, and clubs of stone ill fashioned." The Dutch continued to explore the north and west coastline of Australia, but found the land too barren and dry to become their "New Holland."

Over 100 years later, James Cook encountered Australia from the east and named that sector New South Wales, mapping it and bringing maps back to England. England decided to use the new land for a prison colony, exporting the criminal element out of England. The British Crown Colony of New South Wales started at Port Jackson under Captain Arthur Phillip on January 26,1788.

The Aboriginals remained on the continent thereafter the best they could in a multitude of diverse communities, further divided down into smaller communities, each with its unique cultures.

On the Continent of Australia are located descendants of thousands of these early cultures, perhaps as many as contained in North America among Native Americans and First Nations.

Approximately 200 of the indigenous languages of Aboriginals survived into the 21st century. Only around 20 of these languages have been commonly used, leaving the rest to near extinction.

It is difficult to estimate the numbers of Aboriginals living in Australia before they were discovered by the British, but they may have been 1,000,000 strong or more. Unfortunately, the Europeans brought with them several diseases. Smallpox killed over 50% of the Aborigines early on. The ships and sailors that brought disease were called the Death Fleet.

The British Crown began claiming larger portions of Aboriginal land for the Crown Colony, along with the scarce water resources available, causing survival hardships for the natives. Indigenous children were captured and converted to Christianity, while violence against natives killed many of them.

By 1990, Aboriginals were down by 90%. However, through Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples' Rights movements worldwide, the population increased by the early 21st century to over 500,000 individuals, a bit less than 3% of the country's population.

Music and Arts

Spirals As Sacred Geometry

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The Milky Way Galaxy is a SpiralNautilus Shell
The Milky Way Galaxy is a Spiral
The Milky Way Galaxy is a Spiral | Source
Nautilus Shell
Nautilus Shell

Ancient Rock Paintings

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Source

Sacred Geometry

Many geometric symbols are sacred in the Australian Aboriginal culture. These include the spiraling circle seen in the sand of the picture to the right and above in the Great Snake, that is often portrayed with the double helix of DNA. The double helix is rather a complex geometric symbol, compared to other indigenous art that includes circles, triangles, and other simple figures.

Another sacred symbol is the fractal spiral of some seal shells. The fractal is one of the most complex of geometric figures, because a fractal equation has no measure of error whatsoever - the slightest change in the equation and a completely different figure is produced. Some accept that fractal geometry is one of the foundations of the Universe and all life. Whatever the case, the Aboriginals hold the designs produced by them sacred, especially the spiral. It is representative, on some level, of Creation.

Yothu Yindi - "Dots on the Shell" with Subtitles

Music - The Yirdaki or Didgeridoo

The Aboriginal yirdaki is one of the oldest wind instrument known to man, perhaps older that the Hebrew shofar (ram's horn) and others. Traditionally, the yirdaki could be played only by one large community - the Arnhem Land tribes like Yolngu, and only the men. percussion instruments were allowed for most of the rest of the peoples, and these included clapping sticks and "rain sticks."

The yirdaki is still used in the 21st century. Basiccally, it is made from a hollowed-out tree trunk and a beeswax mouthpiece. It is played by circular breathing, in which the player continually inhales through the nose at the same times he exhales trhough the mouthpiece. it is very difficult to play this instrument correctly, but many CD recordings and MP3-type downloads of the music are available to enjoy. It is on par with the Native American and Japanese traditional flutes.

Contemporary Sounds

Yothu Yindi has been an internationally recognized Aboriginal band. The band's name translates to "Mother and Child" and is used by the Yolngu tribe of the Northern Territory's Arnhem Land as a kinship term in their extended families.

Aboriginal Dance in Kuranda, Australia

Boomerang

The Boomerang on Three Continents

Boomerangs have been found in Egypt, in Australia, and among the Navajo Nation in America. The weapons among the three all developed from a flattened throwing stick. Are all three groups of people, therefore, related closely, or was this a case of independent development? The truth is difficult to determine.

King Tut (Tutankhamun) died 2,000+ years ago and owned a collection of boomerangs. These were of two types: 1) straight-flying for hunting and 2) curved for unknown use. Be this as it may, the boomerang was discovered to be over 10,000 years old in Australia. Perhaps it pre-dates the Egyptian variety.

Curiously, the Aborignals are one of the only Indigenous peoples to never have used the bow and arrow. However, each adult male had his own spear and it likely had a type of sacred nature and relationship to the hunter. Aboriginals also used a straight hunting stick known as a kylie.

People, Tribes and Prophecies

Meriam house of the Torres Strait Islands. Courtesy of Queensland Museum and Aboriginal Environments Research Centre.
Meriam house of the Torres Strait Islands. Courtesy of Queensland Museum and Aboriginal Environments Research Centre.

The People Known as Pygmies

From explorations in the 1940s through the 1960s, various accounts described tribes or communities of Indigenous Peoples that were very short in height. These were referred to as Pygmies. Located in North Queensland in Australia, these peoples emerged from the rain forests and finally lived in scattered religious missions.

They were studied and their origins were written in text books and a children encyclopedia of aborigines. By the 1990s, these people had all but disappeared and the larger country and world no longer believed that they ever existed at all.

Contemporary encyclopedias speak only of the Djabuganjdji, the Mbarbaram or Barbaram, and the Yidinjdji or Indindji people, amit the fact that the average male was 4'6" in height. Scientist Joseph Birdsell is shown in the accompanying photograph with a full-gown male friend of standard height.

It was Joseph Birdsell that proposed the theory that Aboriginal Australians originated through migration from Africa (likely Egypt, according to Monash University maps) on a northerly route to New Zealand that its region and a southerly route to Australia and its surrounds.

In reviewing the various research literature about Aboriginals in Australia, it seems that the Pygmies were downplayed because they were different and hard to explain, while throwing some sort of monkey wrench into an early Aboriginal-related political movement.

How Many Tribes of Aboriginals Live in Australia?

In 1974, the anthropologist and Australian, Norman B. Tindale (1900 - 1993), wrote his Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes. The catalog may or may not be available online at any time, because of web updates and possible decisions to maintain the catalog as a private exhibit or library holding at the South Australian Museum.

If available online and you access that page, you will find an alphabetical index in the left sidebar. If you click on any letter a page with the tribes beginning with that letter will appear. This includes hundreds of tribes, many with links to extensive information. In the middle of the first page at the above link, you will see an additional link for "tribal map." This leads to a very complex mapping of all of the tribes as of 1974.

Prophecy from Aboriginal Tribal Elder, Guboo T. Thomas

I was in dreamtime. I seen this great wave going. I tell people about this wave. It wasn't a tidal wave. This was a spiritual wave. So, to me, I believe that the Dreamtime is going to be that.

I believe the revival is going to start in Australia when we're Dreaming. It's the hummingbee that I'm talking about. And love. We've got to learn to love one another.

You see, that's really what's going to happen to the earth. We're going to have tidal waves. We're going to have earthquakes.

That's coming because we don't consider this land as our Mother. We've taken away the balance, and we're not putting it back.

© 2008 Patty Inglish

Comments and Thoughts

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    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 23 months ago from North America

      Thanks very much, Jodah. I find the concept and he people fascinating. We have so much to learn!

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 23 months ago from Queensland Australia

      Patty I just wrote a hub about the Dreamtime and saw this one appear in related hubs. It is a very comprehensive article about the Australian Aboriginal and extremely well written.

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      Ross 2 years ago

      Hi what a interesting article I enjoyed reading it, I was very interested to read about the north Queensland pygmy as I have never heard of their existence. Are you able to shed more light about these people?

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 2 years ago from North America

      @Gemsta - Thanks very much for posting a comment to this thread! It is marvelous that you are related to Guboo Thomas. If there is anything you would like me to add to the article, I'd be glad to do that.

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      Gemsta 2 years ago

      Hi patty, just came across this article by chance. I like your research. It's very interesting. Guboo t Thomas was my uncle. That surprised me that I came across this article and seen his name there. Almost like I was meant to see this. Thanks. :)

    • nessa4560 profile image

      Nessa Stevens 4 years ago from Queensland, Australia

      Thank you Patty.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 4 years ago from North America

      @nessa460 - Thank you for the large amount of information you provided me! I will be looking at it more in depth, incorporating parts of it in this Hub and giving you crediting for the contributions. Welcome to Hubpages.

    • frogyfish profile image

      frogyfish 6 years ago from Central United States of America

      So much information...a new subject for me to explore. And I enjoyed the music of the videos, the dance and music.

      Very interesting hub.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 6 years ago from North America

      Peter - Th elatest journals Ive read in 2011 indicate that 4 separate species of humans likely existed at once sometime in the recent past. This fits also with Bible scripture that I still cannot find about this being the third earth or the third wave of mankind on earth. It begins to answer the question of whom did Adam's sons marry in the Land of Nod. All very interesting.

      The specific branches of lineage are not yet worked out and I don't know if all were related. It looks like the 4 species of humans overlap in development timelines. What's more interesting is that we are closely related to the sea anenome as we are the bonobo. That makes me laugh.

      Maren - Thanks for the input! The Maya are an interesting people.

    • Maren Morgan M-T profile image

      Maren Elizabeth Morgan 6 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Hi Patty - incredible info on the genetic research! I will be looking forward to your updates whenever they appear. Also, the Maya of the Yucatan peninsula (Mexico, Belize) used snakes, turtles, and circles in their sacred symbols.

    • PETER LUMETTA profile image

      PETER LUMETTA 6 years ago from KENAI, ALAKSA

      Patty a wonderful and facinating article. I was wondering on the fact that the tribe in New Zeland that is a different species than the rest of humanity, is the theory that they developed independantley with their own evolutionary line or did they branch from an existing line? If some are not related to homo sapiens then what would they be condidered, are they from this planet? What do scientists speculate are their origins? Thanks for a trip through the "Dreamtime",

      Peter

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 6 years ago from North America

      Awe is more the term to use - look at the cave paintings!

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      Learner123 6 years ago

      Hi! Nice job but i was wondering, What were they scared of like do they have a Mythical Creature? or anything? It'll be great if you reply!

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      Baileybear 6 years ago

      interesting hub. I'm fascinated about the migration of people and the evolution of cultures. As for the maori people of NZ, apparently the male side is traced back to Papua New Guinea (which used to be connected to Australia) and the female side is from a coastal region in Taiwan (where the people look more 'polynesian'). A theory is canoes with at least 20 women came from Taiwan & stopped into PNG on the way

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 7 years ago from North America

      Salt, I anxiously await your hub in order to learn more about the situation and the state of things then and now. It's gratifying to hear that the Aboriginal flag is also flown. US joins you in dark histories, though, what with running the Native Americans back to the west from where they migrated.

    • salt profile image

      salt 7 years ago from australia

      Thanks Pattie, that was really good. As an anglo australian, who does take an interest and support aboriginal causes, it is confronting sometimes to read that your dominant culture has been the oppressor or invader. Its Australia Day here this weekend and many people call it invasion day.

      It is perplexing, as I have read the books my parents read at school and what was taught up until the early 60's regarding the aboriginal people of australia being natives etc.. The different cultures, belief systems and understanding of progress in society has made it a complex matter to determine a form of reconcilliation that gives aboriginal people their pride, dignity and respect, yet brings into account that we are already a nation of 20 million people and it would be a bit difficult to put us all back on a boat to somewhere.

      I only recently read a book that really told me about why the aboriginal tribes are nomadic and I will do a hub on it. Many of the tribes, although diverse, as far as I know do have common bonds in culture that do see them as one culture but different nations in each place. There are more aboriginals located around australia than on your map. And we do love and respect.. and wish them well.

      Most of our government buildings now have the aboriginal flag next to the Australian flag and some crown land is in joint management and some is being returned. Aboriginal people in australia, have land rights for sacred land, some get mining royalties etc - there are still housing and education matters that are being worked through and the difficulty is often the balance between education and not interfering with culture.

      The British government recently announced two places at Oxford to be reserved for aboriginal students - and we have had some great aboriginal leaders. Charlie Perkins and Neville Bonner were two of our first aboriginals in Parliament.

      Yes, there is a dark history in our beginnings and still much work to be done. We do wish our aboriginal people, pride, health, justice and reconcilliation.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 8 years ago from North America

      It's all pretty interesting; began studying this a couple decades ago. Always more to learn. :) Thanks, motricio.

    • motricio profile image

      Mauricio Rodriguez 8 years ago from Bogota DC, Colombia

      Excelent organization for all that information, interesting subject and also originality. Great one. Like it =)

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 8 years ago from North America

      mysoberlife - Thanks for visiting and commenting. This area that has been called Oceana is fascinating in many ways and I want to read and study more about it and its peoples.

    • mysoberlife profile image

      mysoberlife 8 years ago

      This was very intersting posts and i like to see about science and i believe in it.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 8 years ago from North America

      Hi Lifebydesign - Thanks for visiting and you're welcome to what I have about the subject. More is bring uncovered year by year and the accumulation of knowledge is awesome. I don't have it all, but hope to find more of it.

    • Lifebydesign profile image

      Lifebydesign 8 years ago from Australia

      Patty this is so educational. Even after being in Australia a while there is still so much I don't know about the Aboriginals. Great hub!

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 8 years ago from North America

      Having had no social sciences offered in high school ar in insurance work for 3 yrs afterward, I took several anthropology courses and met many people from other continents first thing in college. It's been a personal study ever since, especially after learning of DNA tracking globally. A lot of controversy surrounds certain parts of that, but it's all fascinating.

    • futonfraggle profile image

      futonfraggle 8 years ago

      Fascinating hub. There's a wealth of information here. I'm about to dive into the videos now. Thanks for sharing, Patty.

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      وصفات البشرة 9 years ago

      thanks

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      Thanks joblot. I studied Arboriginal Peoples all around the world in a social sciences minor in undergraduate school, and kept up with it little by little. The new DNA research is markedly affecting the knowledge and beliefs about these peopolations previously held by many people. It is earth shaking in some respects and fun.

    • joblot profile image

      joblot 9 years ago from Ringwood

      This is a fantastic and really detailed hub. It's no wonder that you have the great reputation that you do.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      Thanks very much! More info in the next Hubs and some controversy as well! I don't know if we can ever come up with the 100% facts.

    • warner444 profile image

      warner444 9 years ago from Hermosa Beach

      very well researched and informative

    • Hovalis profile image

      Hovalis 9 years ago from Australia

      Patty, this is a wonderful article. The scene you mention in The Right Stuff is one of my favourites as well. The Kooris have so much to teach us, which we've ignored for way too long.

      I can vouch for the two ceremonies. When I lived in the Hunter Valley, the loack Aboriginal tribe, which I think are called the Awakabal, had several sites in the area, including rock paintings. One of the elders explained the meaning of the site as best he could. but could not explain the whole of it because there were females in our school group.

      I'm going to have to read this hub again to absorb more of the information here. It's an interesting read!

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      Thanks very much! I'll be reading your Hubs as well!

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      dlhoh 9 years ago

      Hello Patty, thanks for such a quality article. I've read your other hubs too, that's why I've decided to join your fan club. I look forward to reading your articles again.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      Note: Joseph Birdsell reported, as illustrated by the University of Monash, that a group of people from Egypt migrated to the southeast and then split in two when they reached the western edge of Oceana - one part went  to New Zealand, and one part went to Australia. He believed they were all the same people. However, I am not convinced that either the Australian Aboriginals or the Maoris came from elsewhere at all. 

      There is still the matter of one group of New Zealand natives not beuing related to teh rest of mankind at all.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      My pleasure, marisuewrites! This is just what I needed to organize my info on Oceana and its Indigenous Peoples. I may find a link to Africa and I may not. It will still be fun. There will be additional links in the next Hub on this topic, about New Zealand.

      Thanks for asking the question - I've seen others offer good information as well. Hub Pages is Great!

    • marisuewrites profile image

      marisuewrites 9 years ago from USA

      wowowowowowowoow this is wonderful...thanks for answering my request...this is over the top and will take me some time to ponder and study....thank you!! Marisue

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
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      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      Thanks, Wbisbill! it is all an intersesting undertaking with lots of information.

    • Wbisbill profile image

      Wbisbill 9 years ago from Tennessee USA

      Interesting and good!