Advantages for States (Nation-States) in joining International Political Organizations
Why Joining International Political Organizations Still Matters in the Post Euro Crisis World
The current economic crisis in Europe is doing a great deal to undermine the once growing stature of International Political Organizations. Although we must recognize that the Euro-Crisis may end up doing a great deal of damage to countries in the Eurozone, this saga has not fully played out yet, and countries there may end up rebounding as we have here in the United States. Here is why I for one, still believe that the benefits of being in an International Political Organization are worth the risks.
Political Advantages to Joining International Political Organizations
1) States in international organizations acquire increased political influence within the world, and often smaller states need to join these bigger groups in order to have a voice.
2) International organizations (most importantly the UN) offer all participants a diplomatic approach to dealing with each other. An organization such as the UN gives leaders chances to handle problems with systems of international support already in place.
3) States now have the chance to influence the creation of international law. (example: Kyoto Protocol in the late 1990s)
4) States that have previously had “rogue” governments can seek a second chance by joining organizations. (example: South Africa when apartheid ended in the 1990s)
5) Security is gained from being in an organization. (examples: NATO, UN) These large groups give its member states an alliance of sorts, knowing that if they were threatened by another nation with militarily measures, they would have help.
6) Small states can contribute very important members to the international community, getting their country and it's issues noticed. These leaders can provide strong influence to the international community. (example: Kofi Annan early 2000s)
Economic Advantages to Joining International Political Organizations
1) Many organizations help to foster and facilitate free trade among its members. (example NAFTA)
2) Close economic ties between nations in an organization can lead to better diplomatic relations between those nations.
3) There will become less reliance on national industry/agriculture for nations of highly specialized agricultural/industrial output. (this is most important in countries where bad weather conditions affect standard of living)
4) Organizations such as the World Bank and IMF can be helpful in loaning out money to countries in times of crisis (example: Mexico in the 1990s)
5) The World Bank and IMF provide interest free loans that can be paid back over generous schedules
6) States leaving command economies and entering into capitalist markets are assisted by the World Bank and IMF
And Lastly, The Advantages to Global Stability
1) When States become socialized into the globalized world and learn to work together through economic and political policies, and are at less risk to be hostile to one another (example: Democratic Peace Theory)
2) States have the ability to build coalitions against countries acting against international rules. (example: attempts to stop Iran, North Korea from building/using nuclear weapons)
3) Organizations provide a chance for states to behave positively in the international system, if not they will be removed from the organizations that help them out economically and politically