Afghanistan Warlord Revives Forces
He battled the Soviets in the 1980's and later, the Taliban. He is one of Afghanistan's most powerful warlords commanding a significant number loyal men. His name is Ismail Khan, and despite his snow white beard, you want him on your side, and for awhile, he was on President's Karzai's team. However, they are separated company. Khan has called his followers to mobilize and reorganize to defend his country because of faltering confidence in Karzai's military to do so. Khan thinks the American trained Afghan army will fall apart within two years after US soldiers leave.
Khan's "call to arms" has now rekindled the other tribes under other warlords to also "call to arms". Karzai is concerned that it might be a return to earlier days in areas where the Afghan army does not operate. In Afghanistan, that is a lot of places! Civil war could resume in these remote places.
Khan's base is Herat and he has thousands of warriors with assorted weapons and more recruits are joining. At least Khan is determined to defend the existing Afghanistan, not changing it. He does not want the Taliban to return but maintain what good America has done. Karzai has demanded he stop and has threatened to use force. Up until now, Khan WAS part of the Karzai government!
As other groups with diverse interests mobilize and rearm, some, an enemy to Khan's militia and to Karzai, a civil war redux could be just a matter of time.