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All about the European Union
The purpose of the EU was to unite European Nations and bring peace after a long, deadly fight (World War II). It was created to allow the freedom of movement for European citizens...greater security amongst members states and to enforce a new economic power on the global stage.
Member States, these are countries that are a part of the organization. There are officially 28 member states within the European Union, these are:
(In Alphabetical Order)
(As of February 2016)
The Single Currency
The currency of much of the EU is the Euro...excluding: The United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia - these countries all retain their own currencies, however the EU requires all member states to eventually embrace the Euro as their currency excluding the UK and Denmark who both have opt-outs on the situation.
The Schengen area is a large area encompassing 26 members states that have abolished border controls with their fellow EU countries. Of the 26, two countries (Ireland and the UK) maintain opt outs arguing that islands are different.
In recent times due to the migrant crisis and the attacks in Paris some European countries have gone against the rule books and decided to implement border controls.
Greece has been warned several times for not doing their job in controlling the outer-eu Mediterranean border as migrants have quickly and easily gained access to Europe by entering/landing in Greece.
United Kingdom Referendum
The UK as a member state of the European Union has recently gained attention because of the overwhelming majority of people wanting to leave the EU - in recent polls a huge 90% wanted to leave the EU.
The referendum will be held on the 23rd of June 2016.