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Anna Hazare, Anshan, Anti corruption in India and Jan Lokpal bill

Updated on April 21, 2016

Anna Hazare photo

Anna Hazare's last fast at Jantar Mantar
Anna Hazare's last fast at Jantar Mantar | Source

Anna Hazare Anshan and Jan Lokpal bill

Anna Hazare and his team has become an icon for anti corruption movements in India. Anna is fighting with his non-violent weapon of Anshan (Fast) to bring Jan Lokpal bill. Anna and his team are fighting tooth and nail for the bill. Team Anna Hazare and people in India at large believe that Jan Lokpal bill will help eradicating corruption from its root in India.

Several governments proposed Lokpal bill in the parliament of India in last 40-50 years. However, it was never passed. The present UPA government promised Lokpal bill to eradicate corruption in India. They tried to bring a bill. Anna Hazare had a close eye on drafting of the bill and protested against the drafting. The government bill was not strong enough according to Anna. He started Anshan against the Lokpal bill draft of the UPA government. He constituted “Civil Society” to fight against the bill draft.

The civil society drafted a Lokpal bill parallel to the government one. They named it Jan Lokpal bill, Lokpal bill from the people. Eminent personalities likes of Shantibhushan, Prashant Bhushan, Arvind Kejriwal, Kiran Bedi, Manish Sisodia et al are included in the Civil society.

Protesting imprisonment of Anna Hazare

Protest in India against imprisonment of Anna Hazare Candlelight vigil at India Gate
Protest in India against imprisonment of Anna Hazare Candlelight vigil at India Gate | Source

UPA government, Anna Hazare and Civil society

Congress led UPA government was agreed to establish a joint committee incorporating members of Civil Society after anti corruption movement. However, the UPA government denied the suggestions of the Civil society and proposed Lokpal bill arbitrarily in the Loksabha Anna Hazare was not satisfied with the behavior of UPA government and declared Anshan (Fast) against the Lokpal bill drafted by the UPA government.

The government could not evaluate people’s support behind him and denied to permit his Anshan. Anna was arrested by Delhi police while moving to Anshan ground. Anna started Anshan in the Tihar jail and thousands of his supporters gathered outside the jail. Government soon understand the mistake and ordered his release.

Hazare made astonished the administration with his unprecedented move. He denied to go out of the Tihar jail demanding permission of government for his Anshan at Ramlila ground in Delhi. Thousands of his supporters also denied moving out of JP Park following their leader. It was a horrible situation for the police, government and administration. Finally, cabinet of ministers decided to permit him for his Anshan (Fast) at Ramlila ground.

Hundred thousands of Anna supporters came out and gathered with him. Jan Lokpal bill movement spread over the whole country. Common people, male and female, youth and old came out from villages, towns and cities. Roads and parks were flooded with common people from India in support of Anna Hazare, his Anshan, Jan Lokpal bill and anti corruption movement. Anna continued his Anshan for twelve long days. Local media covered every single step of Hazare and his movement. Gradually, Anna became the “Hero” in international media. International print and electronic media pointed him as Gandhi of modern era.

Anna Hazare, indefinite fast against corruption

Anti corruption movement in India, Janlokpal bill and Anshan

Anti corruption movement in support of Janlokpal bill remain completely non violent. No violence was reported during Anshan of Anna Hazare. People compelled their MPs and MLAs to support Jan Lokpal bill. Congress led UPA government understood their blonder. They have completely mishandled Hazare;s movement. The government then took U-turn and send Bilas Rao Deshmukh, Maharshtra Chief minister, to negotiate with Anna Hazare.

Finally, Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India wrote a letter and the Prime Minister promised that three of his major demands would be included in the Lokpal bill and the government would pass the bill in the winter session of Indian parliament. Members of Indian parliament passed a resolution. They were agreed principally to include and incorporate his major demands in the coming Lokpal bill. Anna broke his Anshan after receiving the letter from the Prime Minister of India promising a strong Lokpal bill. Anna Hazare declared that this was a half win.

Anti corruption movement in support of Jan Lokpal bill was suspended for few months. However, government started harassing and charging team Anna with several false allegations. They used government machinery to defame team Anna. Congress party leaders even alleged Anna Hazare with several false allegations. All these fade up Anna and his team and they stood for a campaign against Congress party in a by pole. Congress candidate lost the election badly. He could not even retain his earnest money.

Team Anna declared that they would campaign against political parties not supporting Jan Lokpal bill in the coming assembly elections in five states including UP. Several political parties including main opposition BJP supported Jan Lokpal bill by and large with few dissents.

better. We, the people of India, are wishing a strong Lokpal bill to fight corruption. Only a corruption free India can lead the world in economic and other fronts.

Jan Lokpal Bill - Theme song

Government draft and Standing committee of the Parliament

Government committee again drafted a new Lokpal bill similar to old one and sent it to the standing committee of the parliament. Most of the provisions of Jan Lokpal bill were not included and incorporated in the proposed Lokpal bill sent to the standing committee of the Indian parliament. Representatives of several political parties including BJP and CPI(M) opposed the proposed draft and sent dissent notes.

However, Abhishek Manu Singhvi, Congress party leader and Chairman, standing committee approved the bill. Team Anna Hazare and opposition parties demanded major changes in the bill. Cabinet of ministers met to discuss the Lokpal bill but did not make major changes. All these annoyed team Anna and he declared his Anshan from December 27, 2011.

Anna Hazare will sit for Anshan from tomorrow in Mumbai, financial capital of India with his team members Arvind Kejriwal and Kiran Bedi. Other key members Shantibhushan and Prashant Bhushan will sit separately for Anshan in Delhi, capital of India, in support of Jan Lokpal bill.

Prolonged session of parliament will discuss Lokpal bill during December 27, 28 and 29. There is a fragmented opinion among the political parties regarding the Lokpal bill. The political drama in India has reached its climax.

We have to wait for the result to come out. Let us hope better. We, the people of India, are wishing a strong Lokpal bill to fight corruption. Only a corruption free India can lead the world in economic and other fronts.

Anna Hazare from Tihar Jail

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Anna Hazare

Anna is a veteran Gandhian leader, philanthropist and social server. He started several movements in India and especially in his native state Maharashtra. The most famous movement was for RTI, Right to Information. Central government of India along with most of the states were compelled to pass RTI bill after his movement. RTI act has become a great tool to fight corruption in governments.

He started his career in Indian army in 1964 and grabbed gallantry awards during his service. He was inspired by Swami Vivekananda. He took vow to remain as a bachelor.

Anna Hazare is also a symbol of social reforms and rural development in India. He reformed social life of Ralegan Siddhi, his native village. Ralegan Siddhi has been converted into an ideal village. Anna Hazare inspired hundreds of villages to be converted into ideal ones.

Silent March, BITS Pilani

Support Anna Hazare Silent March, BITS Pilani
Support Anna Hazare Silent March, BITS Pilani | Source

Update December 27, night: Jan Lokpal and Lokpal bill

Congress led UPA government proposed Lokpal bill in the Loksabha, lower house of the Indian parliament on December 27, 2011. The government proposed the bill as it is approved by the cabinet of ministers despite request of changes.

Anna Hazare sat on Anshan (Fast) at MMRDA ground in Mumbai with his team members to support Jan Lokpal bill. Thousands of his supporters were present day and night in the ground. However, Anna was seriously ill suffering from congestion, lung infection and fever. Medical team advised him to break his fast.

Opposition parties and some of the allies and supporters of UPA government proposed large numbers of amendment in the Lokpal bill. All of the amendments were turned down and the government itself brought three amendments. They were able to pass Lokpal bill along with government led amendments in the Loksabha. Main oppsition parties BJP and CPI(M) opposed the bill. SP and BSP walked out from the Loksabha at the time of voting.

Rahul Gandhi, general secretary of Congress wanted constitutional status for Lokpal. Government proposed a constitutional amendment. However, constitutional amendment proposal could not be passed. BJP and CPI(M) again opposed it and it was turned down.

Anna Hazare and team Anshan map

show route and directions
A markerMumbai, Maharashtra, India -
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
get directions

Mumbai, financial capital of India. Anna Hazare Anshan from december 27, 2011 in support of Jan Lokpal bill.

B markerNew Delhi, Delhi, India -
New Delhi, Delhi, India
get directions

Delhi, capital of India. Shantibhushan and Prashantbhushan, members of team Anna Hazare, Anshan from December 27, 2011 in support of Jan Lokpal bill


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    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 17 months ago from USA

      I don't know much about the situation but I strongly support a democratic and free people where corruption and bribery is non-existent and the truth shines free in the light. May India have that if that is the will of her people. Stay strong.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Jasdeep, Thanks for commenting. Anna is an icon for idealism and fighting corruption.

    • Jasdeep-Singh profile image

      Laddi Singh 3 years ago from (Punjab) India

      I am a supporter of Anna, his Anshan and totally agree with his principles. One thing I like most about Anna is his decision not to come in politic, just to serve the country in his own unique way.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Thomas, Thanks for the info.

    • Thomas Swan profile image

      Thomas Swan 3 years ago from New Zealand

      I don't think it's as corrupt at the local level, but in the higher echelons of government, I think it still is.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks Thomas for commenting. Is UK as corrupted as India or lesser corruption?

    • Thomas Swan profile image

      Thomas Swan 3 years ago from New Zealand

      That's great news. There is too much corruption in the world, and anything to reduce it a little needs applauding.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Thomas, Much better now in Modi regime.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Yes, you are right Thomas Swan. However, it has brought lot of changes.

    • Thomas Swan profile image

      Thomas Swan 3 years ago from New Zealand

      Oh, I just read the update. My bad. Are things in India better now, or have the amendments made the bill worse?

    • Thomas Swan profile image

      Thomas Swan 3 years ago from New Zealand

      Best of luck to him. I hope he succeeds, but I don't think one bill will change the nation overnight.

    • sarasa66 profile image

      sarasa66 5 years ago

      Now that we see hazare's oft repeated announcement of call for fast unto death against corruption and pressing for jan lokpal bill has taken different turns many of us have turned skeptical.

    • profile image

      Dipak Kumar Adhikari 5 years ago

      Respected Sir/Madam,

      Any body fight against corruption they/he can not win, I am 100% sure, because I have lots of evidence that I have evidence (OC, SP, addl. SP, Police Department. Some government employee) are take bribe/they are corrupted.

      I screw up my courage to place my grievances to every body in order to get redress. So I wrote my matter to our local P.S., S.P. and Dy.S.P.(N.) 24 Parganas, DGP Bhupindar Singh, All the I.P.S. AND I.A.S. OFFICERS, All DGPs/IGPs. Kolkata Police, and all police officers in W.B. informed Kolkata Commissioner of Police. CBI Department, CID Department, (CID DIG). Local Councilor, all M.P., M.L.A., Minister in W.B. and Other States, Former C.M. in W.B. Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, Mamata Banerjee, (DIDI). Election Commission of India. All Indian Union Minister, UPA Chairperson- Sonia Gandhi, Governor in W.B, and President in India 49TH times. P.M. in India, National/International Human rights department (Justice Shymal Kumar Sen, Chairperson W.B.), Department of Women and Child Rights Development, NCW (National Women Commission), All District Magistrate, Ld. Calcutta High Court, and others state high Court, Ld. Supreme court of India, all the Ld. CJM in our country India. Law Minister, Public Grievances Commission, Central Information Commission, Women Commission Govt. Of W.B. File no.: KGM/11(40), RTI , AAP KI KACHEHRI – KIRAN KE SAATH, Manager S.B.I.-Branch: 24B, Nimtala Ghat Street, Jorabagan, Kolkata- 700006, West Bengal, India?, Bank Ph. No. 033 25308337. My nation, all of the news channels, and all press, The Central Vigilance Commission, President of the United States, Association For Press and print media, Protection of Democratic Right (APDR), Talking with some NGO’s: But still now not fight for truth /don’t take investigation/do not take any action/don’t take any type of query/ Still Now, many department told does not comes under the purview of our department. Then my question is where I go now? I see they all are in sound asleep. The reason is best known to them.

      With kindest regards,

      Dipak Kumar Adhikari

      Tegharia(Dhali Para),NandanKanan. P.S.: Baguiati. P.O.: Hatiara. Dist.: North24Parganas.

      Kolkata-700059 Email:

      W.B. India. PH. 9874389190

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 5 years ago from Jaipur


    • profile image

      Shivank 5 years ago

      Everybody should support Anna Hazare and Janlokpal bill.

    • profile image

      nimish 5 years ago

      i will with u anna always