ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Politics and Social Issues»
  • Social Issues

BOP:"Bloat of Prisoners" in the United States.

Updated on November 6, 2015
Robert Warney profile image

Robert Warney is on the Board of Advisors for Federal Prison Consultants and Justice Solutions of America,Inc. Author of Ties-2-Stripes book


Taxpayers cost to operate the Bureau of Prisons

Pursuant to Pub. L. No. 71-218, 46 Stat. 325 (1930), the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) was established within the Department of Justice and charged with the "management and regulation of all Federal penal and correctional institutions." They initially operated 11 Federal Prisons. Since their establishment the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 was established, parole was abolished, and several mandatory minimum sentencing provisions were enacted in 1986, 1988, and 1990. Today the BOP has grown to 121 Institutions, 6 regional offices, 2 staff training centers, 26 residential reentry management offices, and 14 contracted correctional institutions. They currently employ 39,500 employees at a cost of $6,589,000,000.00. (*per BOP website 3/25/2015)

BOP: By the (Astonishing) Numbers:

Number of Federal Inmates: FY 1980= 24,600 vs FY 2013= 219,350

This represents an increase of 790% in the number of inmates over this period of time.The average increase from 1980 to 2013 was 5900 inmates per year.

Facilities are 35% over rated capacity. Many facilities living quarters that were designed to house one inmate are now holding two or three. Major overcrowding is taking place at most federal facilities. This means that inmate safety, employee safety, and programming needs are all compromised.

Congressional Appropriation Budgets for the BOP:

FY 1980= $330,000,000.00

FY 2014= $6,859,000,000.00.

Increase of $173,200,000.00 per year between FY 1980 and FY 2014.

BOP Salaries and Expenses:

FY 1980= $323,884,000.00

FY 2014= $6,769,000,000.00

*Congressional Research Services, Nathan James, Analyst in Crime Policy

March 4, 2014

Interesting BOP Statistics of Federal Inmates:

73% of sentences imposed were over 5 years

48.7% of all sentences imposed were Drug Offenses

93.3% of inmates are male

43% of inmates are over the age of 40

37.4% of inmates are Black

16.5% of inmates are of Mexican citizenship

34.4% Hispanic Ethnicity

55.8% of inmates are at Minimum and Low security levels

*As of 2/21/2015 BOP Statistics

45% have a form of mental illness** (not including many unreported cases).

**American Psychological Association, Incarceration nation, Oct 2014, Vol 45, No. 9.

Over 70 % of inmates have used illegal drugs regularly prior to their incarceration.

A Better Way

  1. Find alternatives to incarceration and warehousing of inmates for first-time, low-level, non-violent offenders.
  2. Reduce or abolish mandatory minimums for first- time, low-level, non-violent drug offenders. Support FAMM- Families Against Mandatory Minimums.
  3. Use community supervision by PO's for first-time, low-level, non-violent offenders instead of custodial incarceration,
  4. Increase good time credits for early releases.
  5. Restore federal parole.
  6. Offer drug and mental health rehabilitation instead of incarceration.
  7. Offer more vocational job training for inmates to reduce recidivism. .
  8. Support legislation to allow an expungement process for first- time, low-level, non-violent federal offenders.
  9. Increase community service and fines in lieu of incarceration for first-time, low-level,non-violent offenders.
  10. Restructure outdated U.S. Sentencing Guidelines to lower incarceration periods for first-time, low-level, non-violent offenders.




BOP Salaries and Expenses

How much were the BOP Salaries and Expenses for FY 2014?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)