ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Black Activist - Daisy Bates

Updated on February 19, 2012

Daisy Bates was born November 11, 1914 in Huttig, Arkansas and died November 4, 1999 in Little Rock, Arkansas. Bates is best known as a writer, publisher and activist. Bates came through the tragedy of losing her mother to murder to fight for equality for all African Americans. Bates was the head of the Arkansas NAACP and worked with her husband as a publisher of an African American newspaper. Bates’ greatest contribution to the civil rights movement was helping the Little Rock Nine go through the struggle of enrolling into high school.

Early Years

Daisy Bates was raised by family friends, Orle and Susie Smith. Bates was raised by family friends because her mother was sexually assaulted and murdered by three white men and after the murder her father left Bates in the Smith’s care. As a teenager Bates met her husband who was an experienced journalist. Together Bates and her husband operated the Arkansas State Press which was a weekly African American newspaper. During this time Bates started to get involved in the civil rights movement.


Daisy Bates was heavily involved in the civil rights movement she was the head of the local NAACP chapter and a publisher. Bates with her husband published an African American newspaper which publicized violations of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court Rulings for desegregation and other civil rights struggles. The Arkansas State Press was a voice for civil rights and was truly ahead of its time. After the paper shut down due to loss of advertising after her involvement with the Little Rock Nine Daisy Bates wrote her memoirs about her involvement with the Little Rock Nine, The Long Shadow of Little Rock.


Daisy Bates was the president of theArkansaschapter of the NAACP and because of her position played a crucial role in the fight against segregation. In the case of Brown v. Board of Education the United States Supreme Court declared that school segregation was unconstitutional. Although segregation was ruled unconstitutional African American students were still not able to enroll in white schools inArkansas. There were nine African American students who attempted to enroll at Little Rock Central High School which was an all white school. The Governor of Arkansas as well as a mob of whites did not want the Little Rock Nine attending the school. Bates acted as an advisor and advocate for the Little Rock Nine during this time. The Little Rock Nine made their first attempt to enter the school but were met by the National Guard who was called by the Governor and an angry mob of whites threatening them. They were turned away from the school but this did not deter the Little Rock Nine. The second attempt was much more successful with the help of Bates and President Dwight D Eisenhower. The Little Rock Nine met at Bates’ house and were escorted from her house to the school by Federal Troops where they were able to enter the school and continue their education.

Later Years

In her later years, after her husband’s death Bates resuscitated their newspaper, the Arkansas State Press which was in publication for several more years. Daisy Bates received numerous awards and accolades from multiple sources for her social activism. Little Rock, Arkansas paid tribute to Daisy Bates by opening the Daisy Bates Elementary School and by making the third Monday in February Daisy Gatson Bates Day an official state holiday. Daisy Bates continued to fight for civil rights in a myriad of ways until her death. Bates never ceased to fight for the rights of African Americans.

Daisy Bates was a true humanitarian fighting for the rights of African Americans. Bates was an activist until the day she died. Bates used her skills as a publicist and as the head of the local chapter of the NAACP to fight for civil rights. Bates helped the Little Rock Nine to get the education that they deserved regardless of the controversy it caused to her business and in her personal life. Bates never wavered when it came to what she believed in and what she knew was right.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Triplet Mom profile imageAUTHOR

      Triplet Mom 

      5 years ago from West Coast

      Thank you. I think its very important to get these stories out.

    • RonElFran profile image

      Ronald E Franklin 

      5 years ago from Mechanicsburg, PA

      I never before knew of Daisy Bates. So many who were willing to pay a price to secure the rights of all Americans never have their stories told today. Thanks for telling Daisy's.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)