ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Black Activist - Ralph Abernathy

Updated on February 13, 2012

Ralph Abernathy was born March 11, 1926 in Linden, Alabama and died April 17, 1990 in Atlanta, Georgia. Abernathy was a pastor of the First Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.While a pastor Abernathy met and befriended another pastor at a different Baptist church, Martin Luther King, Jr. Abernathy and King became quick friends and stayed best of friends until King’s death. Abernathy and King worked closely together for almost 15 years fighting for the rights of African Americans.Abernathy endured a great deal throughout his life and still continued to fight for equality, never wavering in the struggle for civil rights no matter the danger he was faced with.


Ralph Abernathy was raised on a farm in rural Alabama. Abernathy earned a Bachelor’s degree from Alabama State University and a Master’s degree from Atlanta University.Abernathy became ordained as a Baptist minister and led the First Baptist Church in Montgomery.Abernathy met King a few years later when King became pastor of another Baptist church in Montgomery.As a pastor Abernathy was able to get assistance from his congregation in helping to fight inequality. This was particularly true with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Abernathy spread the word through his congregation and they in turn spread the word throughout the city about the boycott. Word of mouth spread like wildfire throughout the city. During the civil rights movement Abernathy took a break from being a pastor so that he could work with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. After resigning from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference later on in life, Abernathy returned to his role as pastor in a Baptist church in Atlanta.


Ralph Abernathy was very active as an activist. Abernathy was Martin Luther King Jr.’s chief aide and closest friend. Together, Abernathy and King organized the bus boycott of the Montgomery bus system. The Montgomery boycott marked the beginning of the civil rights movement. A few years later Abernathy and King founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference together. Abernathy and King worked hard to desegregate America in the years that followed; they worked together until the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Abernathy continued with the struggle against segregation after King’s assassination for almost 10 years and then Abernathy resigned from his position with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and went back to being a pastor.

Ralph Abernathy devoted his most of his life to the struggle for equality. For almost 15 years Abernathy struggled against the brutality that he experienced while fighting against segregation and discrimination. Abernathy endured the bombings of his church, his home and King’s home, beatings and violence by state troopers and police officers, death threats against himself and his family and the murders of colleagues and innocent bystanders and volunteers. Abernathy and King were terrorized daily but they never backed down from their beliefs and their struggle. Together they fought equality and justice and nothing could destroy their beliefs and desires or their friendship. Ralph Abernathy received numerous accolades and awards for his work in the civil rights movement. Abernathy should be remembered as great person he was.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)