ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Black Activists - Ella Baker

Updated on February 21, 2012

"Remember, we are not fighting for the freedom of the Negro alone, but for the freedom of the human spirit a larger freedom that encompasses all mankind.” – Ella Baker

Ella Baker was born December 13, 1903 in Norfolk, Virginia and died December 13, 1986 in New York, New York. Baker grew up listing to her grandmother’s stories of slave revolts and the struggle of the slaves. These stories helped Baker to form her political views and principles. Baker brought her skills and principles to the major civil rights organizations of the mid-20th century. Even though Baker worked behind the scenes in these organizations she was a civil rights and human rights activist for over five decades and worked alongside the most famous civil rights leaders.


Ella Baker graduated as valedictorian fromShawUniversity. After graduating she searched for employment inNew York Cityand found the repercussions of the Great Depression. During this time she was introduced to radical political activism and never looked back. Baker first helped to organize the Young Negroes Cooperative League for social improvement. From there Baker would work for several civil rights groups; NAACP, SCLC, SNCC and SCEF. With each and every organization Baker would bring her best. Baker was great at organizing, recruiting members and all the important background work that keeps the organization running.


Ella Baker started as a secretary with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). As a secretary Baker was a recruiter, raised money and helped to organize different activities within the organization. After a few years Baker became the director of branches where she was the highest ranking woman in the organization. Baker was a very outspoken woman with strong beliefs and a respect of others; this made her the perfect person to recruit for the NAACP. Baker focused on the bringing young people and women into the organization which made the organization that much stronger.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

After the Montgomery Bus Boycott Ella Baker went to Atlanta, Georgia to help develop a new organization; the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was formed. The first project was a voter registration campaign and Baker was the first staff person. Baker used this platform to understand the local grievances people were experiencing so that SCLC could coordinate reform efforts. Martin Luther King Jr. was the president of SCLC and Baker was the director.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

Because of the sit-ins led by black college students and to help student leaders of college activist groups organize, Ella Baker left SCLC to work with SNCC. Baker worked with SNCC for a long time and was one of the highly revered adult advisors. During her time at SNCC Baker helped coordinate the freedom rides with Congress of Racial Equality. . Baker also worked closely with black sharecroppers and others throughout the South. With Baker SNCC became one of the foremost advocates for human rights in the country.

Southern Conference Education Fund

Ella Baker worked on the staff of the Southern Conference Education Fund (SCEF). SCEF was an organization that tried to help black and white people work together for social justice. Baker’s focus was on the importance of linking civil rights and civil liberties. During this time Baker was a speaker and helped to co-host several meetings. Again Baker brought her brilliance to this organization.

Ella Baker worked behind the scenes throughout her career in civil rights. Baker worked for several civil rights organizations alongside just as many famous civil rights leaders. Baker did not stop there she continued to fight for the rights of others working on several campaigns and causes. Baker was an activist until her death, never ceasing to fight for what she believed in.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)