ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Nepal

Updated on October 11, 2013
Child labor in Nepal
Child labor in Nepal | Source
Child labor in Nepal
Child labor in Nepal | Source

Nepal-Child labor

Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world having total population of 26494504 which is made of heterogeneous caste/ethnic group as in do-Aryan lie the Brahmins and Chettries and as Tibetan Barman lie the Rai, Limbu, Gurung, Newar etc. Geographically Nepal is divided into three regions: mountain, Hilly and Terai. The lack of employment opportunities, geographic set-up and many other hindrances are responsible for Nepal underdevelopment (Kc. ET.AL. 1997) presently not only Nepal, but also entire world is suffering from various social problems. Which has created a critical condition threatening entire society? Among them one of the serious social problems is child labor. Because of poverty, insufficient and unbalanced economic growth and lack of structural adjustment polices, child labor exists in Nepal.

Children are source of inspiration and hope for society. Therefore, they should get a good opportunity to develop their physical and mental condition. Childhood is the best period for such development. They need proper education and guidance in their child hood because at this age they can be compared with the clay. This can be given any shape as we like. In developing countries like Nepal, large parts of children are deprived of their rights of education and fundamental rights of child hood. They are working and living in most Hazardous dangerous conditions. The major reasons are poor economics as well as lack of awareness of their within and outside their house hold for livelihood. Which cause them to fall into misery for whole life.

In Nepal, near by 40% of the total population are children aged below 16 years. According to children Act and labor Act of Nepal 2048, the group under the age of 16 years is considered as children, because below the age of 14 children are strictly prohibited to work as labor. The children aged between 14-16 years can work only for limited working hours.

According to I LO-IPEC 9 Child labor situation in Nepal 1996) of all children aged 5-14

  • 41.7% regularly work.
  • 36.7% work and go to school
  • 15% do nothing
  • 15% does not-economic work. Such as house hold chores?
  • Of all working children nearly 55% are girls

Setters (1993) in the context of Nepal, most of the children are aware of their employment contrast especially when they have been employed by brokers. Brokers often cheat the parents as well as the child, keeping for themselves the bulk of the children earning many children work just for food and shelter and find the idea of payments in cash absurd.

Child labor has been recognized as a way of life in our society. Poverty, star ration and deprivation are obvious key factors that have children in the exploitative labor market child labor is a matter of shame for any society that is boastful of social justice. It is not a new phenomenon in Nepal as well as in the world. It has existed since people started too worked for others in different type of human society. The problem was further identified in the past when prevalent labor was inadequate during industrial revaluation. In those days, a large number of women and children used to be hired for worked in the undesirable environment of the factory.

In the present context, children are seeking job in different sectors to provide income for the family. Their contribute cannot be avoided. But most of the children, who are deprived of their fundamental rights to survive and protect, are abused and exploited in daily life is the main focused rights to survive and protect, are abused and exploited in daily life is the main focused point poverty the ignorance of parents, family break down and violation of children’s rights have been multiplying the degree of child labor exploitation in Nepal with every passing day. Children are compelled to involve in different sectors, sectors like factory/industry lines and shopkeeper services., hotels and restaurant from such kind of involvement not only they have been deprived of necessities but also suffering from abuse, exploitation, neglects humiliations and diseases as well as they are missing their entire childhood.

The 1994 universal declaration of Human right sates: The child needs special guard and care including appropriate legal protection, opportunities and facility to develop them in normal and healthy manner and in the condition of freedom and dignity.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Today’s children are the future of the nations. If they are facilitated with required food, care, love education etc. They can grow in proper way there contributing to the nation’s development. If the country cannot hope of creative centrifugal from them. When a child hood and his/her physical and mental development cannot take place properly. These problems even may lead them to run forward the criminal activities. Therefore, if we are trying creating a happy society them the first task we have to do is to create favorable environment for a child to grow.

Labor system in the various. Sectors involve many complexities and are very exploration towards the labor. Child labor is a bitter reality, which has emerged as a major problem in most often developing countries whose standard of families is being deteriorating due to the rapid population growth, economic stagnation, natural disasters and cope with financial pressur3 more an more children are pushed into labor. Markets, according to and estimation made by ILK and UNICEF, out of 250 million totals in the world, south Asia habit ed for the half of the child labor in this region is extremely in human. In addition, intolerable (UNI CF 1996(and more children are pushed into labor market.

IN Nepal, child labor is major problem due to poverty unemployment and lack of education. Poverty causes people to force migrant from moral areas towards the urban areas as in search of Job. It is neural trend to migrate youth as well as children form moral to urban areas in search of job. Nepal is agricultural country but most of the people have very little land to do not have any land. They are unable to fulfill basic needs of the family, so the children have to work support their family by leaving home to work some where another factor of the child labor is family violence. Therefore, migration of children from rural to urban areas is increasing day by day to solve their hand to mouth problem. In addition a large number of these working children are giving under miserable condition.

Children have been seen involved indifferent sectors. Child labor is not only individual problem but it is a global problem. In different sectors, they are compelled by their employer to do any kind of work even inmost several conditions. INS spit of the, they do not get appropriate wages for their hard work. Poverty is one of the fundamental reasons of the entry into child labor is family violence, so they ran away from their home to market and become hotel workers because they have no other alternative and they send their childhood for their livelihood.

Child labor as hotel workers is one of the most exploitative and risky forms of child labors children are doing the overtime job, which is affection the health attitude and socialization. They do not get the opportunity to develop their potentiality and future ultimately the development of the potential citizen being is blocked.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)