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President Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933) was the 30th President of the United States.
Born in Plymouth, Vermont on August 2, 1923.
Coolidge graduated from Amherst College in 1895. In 1905 he married Grace Goodhue; they had two sons. A lawyer who practiced in Northampton, Mass., he became active in Republican politics and was elected to numerous local and state offices. In 1916, he was elected lieutenant governor of Massachusetts; two years later he was elected governor.
He gained national attention in 1919 by his strong action against striking policemen in Boston. In 1920 he became the Republican vice-presidential candidate, running with Warren G. Harding. The Harding-Coolidge ticket won an overwhelming victory. Harding died suddenly on August 2, 1923, and Coolidge succeeded him.
His first task was cleaning up the scandals of the Harding administration. He fashioned a conservative, business-oriented administration. The country was prosperous, and he was easily elected to a full term in 1924.
In foreign affairs, his administration was marked by adroit diplomacy. A laconic man, known as "Silent Cal," he never explained his reasons for not choosing to run for reelection in 1928.