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Child Labour - Causes and Effects

Updated on February 9, 2013

Child Labor – A Challenge the World is Facing

Childhood is the most innocent stage in a human life. It is that phase of life where a child is free from all the tensions, fun-loving, play and learns new things, and is the sweetheart of all the family members. But this is only one side of the story. The other side is full of tensions and burdens. Here, the innocent child is not the sweetheart of the family members, instead he is an earning machine working the entire day in order to satisfy the needs and wants of his/her family. This is what is called 'CHILD LABOUR'. There are various causes and effects of child labour. Eliminating child labour is one of the biggest challenges that the whole world is facing.

Child labour includes working children who are below a certain minimum age. This practice is going on since long and is one of the worst forms of child exploitation. Child labour not only causes damage to a child’s physical and mental health but also keep him deprive of his basic rights to education, development, and freedom. According to statistics provided by UNICEF, there are an estimated 250 million children aged 5 to 14 years employed in child labour worldwide and this figure is continuously increasing.

Child labour is not only affecting under-developed and developing countries, but developed countries are also facing this though the rate is comparatively very less. Child labor in Asia accounts for the highest percentage of child labour (61%) followed by Africa (32%). According to International Labour Organization (ILO), if child labor will be banned and all children gets proper education, world's total income would be raised by nearly 22% over 20 years, which accounts for more than $4 trillion. Banning child labor will help in boosting the economy of a country.

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Child Labour

Causes of Child Labour

The main causes of child labor include poverty, unemployment, and excess population. Among these, poverty is the primary cause of child labour. You must have observed that poor families have more number of children, so it becomes very difficult for them to survive on the income of only one family member which is also quite less. So they make their small children their source of income. They make their children work in factories, shops, even selling items on streets. Some parents even carry infants on the streets to earn money from begging. Some percentage of child labour also comes from harassment by parents, step-parents or relatives.

There are many cases of child labor where a child has to work against the repayment of a loan which was taken by his father who was unable to pay it off. This is called as 'bonded child labour'. Bonded child labor normally happens in villages. Such children work like slaves in order to pay the loan taken. Not only poor families, but some well established business families also put their children into business at a quite young age instead of making them complete their education.

Effects of Child Labour

There are very bad effects of child labor for our society, which forces some children to steal things from others in order to satisfy their daily living. Many small girls are even made to indulge in prostitution. A recent case of child labor came into picture where a 10 year old kid was beaten to death because the innocent kid was slow at things. The cruel owner went angry and threw the child across the room resulting in the most extreme punishments. It was not only the cruel owner who was at the fault, but the parents of the child were also equally involved in this incident. They took $10 as advance and sent their child to work for the sake of getting some monthly income. May be even the parents would never have thought that a little sum of money could lead to such horrible incident.

There are various organizations which are fighting against child labour by helping children and imparting education among that part of society from where majority of the child labour comes. Poor families should be given knowledge about family planning/control so that they are not burdened by children. It would be advisable not to keep small children at home for taking domestic help in daily household chores. Let us all take some step in this direction so that we can bring smiles to many faces and make this world a beautiful place for a child to live in.

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    • profile image

      jyoti kedar 6 weeks ago

      lt's lnformance lusses child labour in projec is very nice thank you

    • profile image

      sravan ms 15 months ago

      your article helped me for write a goood essay.thanks

    • profile image

      viru 18 months ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Ajanta Bhattacharjee 21 months ago

      Good

    • profile image

      divya 23 months ago

      i like the child wood article nice and good job

    • profile image

      divya 23 months ago

      i like the child wood article nice and good job

    • profile image

      AMAN THAKUR 2 years ago

      SALUTE UUUUUU.......

    • profile image

      Aman 2 years ago

      Sit everything you is mind blowing & knowledgeable

      Thanks for providing this useful information

    • profile image

      binilsajeev 2 years ago

      marvellous job.............

      great job...

      have a great time

    • profile image

      navya 2 years ago

      very nice without any gramitcal mistakes any way thanks for helping me in project

    • profile image

      dariyus 2 years ago

      I like dt child labour article

      i am happy dt every corner on the world will receive thiz article

      and they will do some thing for the small children

    • profile image

      anmol 2 years ago

      If every starts thinking like u then this problem will come to some end and innocent children will enjoy their life to the fullest.....or post was awesom

    • profile image

      dIa 2 years ago

      i likedt the child labor article thanx for help

    • profile image

      Mukul Yadav 2 years ago

      very beneficial as well as important topic you have posted. Got maximum out of it..!!

    • profile image

      mahmoud 2 years ago

      Your essay is very important and nice in the same time . i like it . good

    • profile image

      nabanita 2 years ago

      Ur article is very nice... by ur simple writing u have showed da reality of the whole wrld,the child r facing..nd in india how da childrens r exploited....da govt of india shud luk after da matter more seriously..

    • profile image

      Florence Das 2 years ago

      really this article is good

    • profile image

      granthali 2 years ago

      You have written very nice

    • profile image

      vishakha 2 years ago

      ya article mara bhot kam aya ha anuj thanxxxx

    • profile image

      ved prakash mishra 3 years ago

      Thank you,your article is very useful for me. New genration is the future of our country

      I hope that oneday all children will be freefrom child labour.

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 3 years ago from Noida

      Thank you Kuldeep for your kind words. If everyone of us simply try not to hire kids and oppose to get the services if it involves child labour, then also it can be of great help for the society.

    • profile image

      Kuldeep 3 years ago

      Dear Anuj

      I read your column now and feeling that u r d rt pers who can touch heart with words, realy this is one of the biggest malaise exist on our planet. I am also deeply concern but don't hv word like u. Anuj i hope one day Mr. Modi govt. will consider on ur feelings. Thanx.

    • profile image

      Sha-sha Bangsoy 3 years ago

      This should be stop because its feel like they are really having hard time for themselves.. i feel pity and sorry for them :(

    • profile image

      JUDY MWANGOSI 3 years ago

      LETS UNITE TO STOP CHILD LABOUR

    • profile image

      richa 3 years ago

      child labour is a big crime. stop doing child labour please stop ...............

    • profile image

      mohdeep 3 years ago

      your information is helping me a lot in my project

      thanks!!!

    • profile image

      Rainy 4 years ago

      Anuj u r dng really really gud work......i appreciate u...

    • profile image

      Ekta 4 years ago

      NICE GOOD JOB DUD..........!!!!!

    • profile image

      Hitansh 4 years ago

      Thankzzz for this i was searching for this type since 2 days

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 4 years ago from Noida

      I'm glad to know that the content present here on child labour was helpful for you. I will appreciate if you will also do your bit to stop child labour.

    • profile image

      sruthi 4 years ago

      thankzz for posting this one ............its sooooo good i got a speech in this in which i got 10 marks ....thankzzzzzz for this

    • profile image

      nathalie 4 years ago

      this has helped me to make a speech bout poverty while one of m subjects were child labor keep making more of these i will definitely be checking them out this website is listed to my favorits

    • profile image

      siddanna9@gmail 4 years ago

      thanks anuja u are fight against child labour that is u r good work

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 4 years ago from Noida

      It is not just the government but as an individual, we should make ourselves responsible to take proper steps.

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 4 years ago from Noida

      Good to know it was useful for your research paper but people really need to take steps to eliminate child labour.

    • profile image

      kanika shakya 4 years ago

      I thing government should stop child labor it is the cursed against the humanity it is to much we should really think for this or we should stand up amass movement for this

    • profile image

      sparks 4 years ago

      Amazing article it actually hit home for me. I didn't really mind it child labor until I read this article. I feel bad for all those kids out there. This article also helped a lot on my research paper. Thank you so much.

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 4 years ago from Noida

      Lizan, you have pointed out some interesting points. I think what the government can ensure is that first they completely ban child labor and carry out raids to find if they are involved in laborious work. Generate employment opportunities for the adults, create awareness programs to showcase the ill effects of child labor on society and promote education.

    • profile image

      Lizan 4 years ago

      good article but I was wondering how can governments in developing countries can work to abolish child labour??or does education contributing to child labour or education policy work in any countries?

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 4 years ago from Noida

      @Jenney: Though, it is hard to believe but child labour do exist and just not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. There are various organizations that certainly do their bit to help the children but it is not so easy to eliminate it completely unless we as an individual also do something about this. We should not hire any child and help them and their families educate so that they will understand the importance of education and ill effects of child labor.

    • profile image

      Jenney 4 years ago

      Thank you for ur article very useful . I didn't know that child labour still exists because Ive heard from some people that child labour is not exists because it has been gone , but it was hard to belive .Do you know what other orgaination like The United Nations for Children and ILO do so far for these children ? Are they help these children?

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 4 years ago from Noida

      It is good to see that many people around the world wants to eliminate child labor but still we do not contribute much as we simply think it is Government's job to eliminate child labor. It would be great if we as an individual do not hire any child for our work and encourage them to get education.

    • profile image

      Daniel Mangulu 4 years ago

      Its a pitty that a great number of people in this moden world still think and treats children in such horrified manner to satisfy their interests. Please let us work together to eliminate child labour as a lot of innocent children are denied their rights. Many thanks for the article as it highligts the plight of children are facing across the global.

    • profile image

      samar 4 years ago

      plzzzzzzzzzzzz

      write atleast 10 causes and 10 effects

    • Verna MacKay profile image

      Verna E MacKay 4 years ago from Delray Beach, Florida

      Thanks for your article. There so many children in our world who are being exploited by the very same people who are supposed to take care of them. Your article brings out points that many of us never consider and sometimes the clothes we wear are made by children who should be in school learning but are deprived of the basic rights of going to school. Please check out my article on hub pages regarding the evils in this world and how they affect our children. Thanks. I hope you don't mind me posting a link to my article in this comment section. If you do please let me know. Thanks.

      https://hubpages.com/politics/Evil-Among-The-Natio...

    • profile image

      JUSTIN 5 years ago

      HI ANUJ YOU WILL DONE A GREAT WORK FOR OUR WORLD .THANGS FOR THIS. I LIKE THIS VERY MUCH.BY BY.................

    • profile image

      MARIYA 5 years ago

      HI Anujagrawal how are you .Thanks for this post.You have done a great work . I realy appreciate your post . It is very heart breaking post I THANG YOU FOR THIS

    • profile image

      AMAN AHLAWAT 5 years ago

      HI,ABOUT CHILD LABOUR .ANUJAGARWAL HAS DONE VERY HARD WORK OVER STOPPUNG CHILD LABOUR.KEEP IT UP

    • profile image

      Neelam 5 years ago

      you have done a great work.I really appreciate your work.It have helped me a lot to frame my views.You have deep understanding of this social issue.

    • profile image

      manan 5 years ago

      Hats off to the person who wrote this.This article is amazing.Keep it up the good work

    • profile image

      homa 5 years ago

      what could i say... this article shocked me, well anujagarwal where evr you get this or how you get this just keep it up. Maybe tell us even more shocking news and how we could help

    • profile image

      Satish Tarenia 5 years ago

      It's an awesome writing about child labour.Very nice n great post.

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 5 years ago from Noida

      Thank you Susan for appreciating the article. The most shocking fact is when a child is forced to work to pay back some bad loan instead of educating a child.

    • profile image

      Susan 5 years ago

      That was a very heart breaking article that truly brought the problem of child labour into the light. What child labour fact strikes you as the most shocking? Thanks and keep up the great work!

    • profile image

      mani 5 years ago

      i agree that we need to stop the CHILD LABOR !!!

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 5 years ago from Noida

      Though, Government must take better steps to ban child labor but it is also the responsibility of each individual to stop hiring kids just for the sake of saving little money.

    • profile image

      clauiz 5 years ago

      getting rid of child labor is never been easy and obviously it is a long process. i am not fully persuade that the government is doing the best it can, and if it is...they must think or come-up with a new approach right now.

    • htodd profile image

      htodd 5 years ago from United States

      Child labor is a global issue,We need to get rid of this ..Thanks for the nice post

    • profile image

      bhavitha 5 years ago

      by reading this many people would come to know about the custody of peple making children to work............

    • profile image

      tarundeepsingh 5 years ago

      I Hope This Powerful Information Should Reduce Child Labour

    • profile image

      chinanty 5 years ago

      what a great information .....

      may i ask you something ???? what is the impact of child exploitation also what is the ways of protecting children before they been exploited

    • profile image

      sandeep sachdeva 6 years ago

      Its a great step to stop childlabour .

      New generation is the future of our country

      & if they are in darkness then imazine the future of

      our country

      good job my brother ********** this stars for u as my pleasure

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      Thank you Prajakta for the appreciation. I hope everyone will do their bit to fight against child labour.

    • profile image

      prajakta 6 years ago

      you are doing a great job by giving this information.i think everyone should be against chidlabour ,it is direct violation of childrens right for education.

    • profile image

      lovely 6 years ago

      hi anuj, im doing a term paper regarding child labor too, and ur ideas was so great and impressive, so may i ask some information from this to finish my term paper? and, ill credit u ofcourse.

      im lovely from phil. thank u and more powers

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      It is good to hear that there are many people around who also protest against child labor.

    • profile image

      Mubasshira Tabassum Alisha 6 years ago

      your article was very effective and helpful for me. i also protest against child labour. this article says and expresses everything in details. i hpoe that one day all children will be free from child labour and they will be our bright future1

    • profile image

      ARYAN 6 years ago

      Child break labour should be break off.

      governmen should pass strict laws to stop the child labour.

    • profile image

      Tanvi 6 years ago

      I really liked the information. It was awesome.. This should be shown to the whole INDIA...

    • profile image

      Gatluak Wiyay Manye 6 years ago

      Poverty as a major factor of child labour has devastated most of the developing countries especially the Eastern and Southern world.Measures to eliminate such a chaos is undefined.

    • profile image

      drishti 6 years ago

      hi anuj u r absolutetly right. we hav to work against child labour. and thank u this article has helped me in my project.thanxx once again

    • profile image

      Vasu 6 years ago

      hi anuj

      u r right we really hav to eliminate child labour.ur article is very informative too.ur article has been very helpful.i hope child labour is eliminated frm dis world

    • profile image

      SAASHA 6 years ago

      CONGRATULATION ANUJ,IM VERY APPRECIATE IT.YOU ARE RIGHT WE MUST ELIMINATE CHILD LABOUR IN DIS WORLD,I LOVE CHILDREN SO MUCH AND IT PAIN WHEN I SEE THEM SUFFER.

    • jhorry canta profile image

      jhorry canta 6 years ago

      your article is informative bec. someone would directly understand about the real condition of children through the clear words you have wrote..

    • profile image

      Michael 6 years ago

      Learning about this in school and its really said feel bad for the kids:[

    • profile image

      OBED 6 years ago

      Infact, your article has been very helpful in my term paper at the Masters level. I love the dichotomy in the introduction to show the two sides of the coin. Thanks Man

    • profile image

      Sam 6 years ago

      hey Anuj,

      the reason why I want to know is because i have to cite my references in MLA format and since i am citing certain part of your text I need the date. BTW this is very helpful for my paper, thanks!

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      October 2009.. well I'm wondering why you want to know this?

    • profile image

      Sam 6 years ago

      hey Anuj, which year did you post this?

    • profile image

      Joe 6 years ago

      thnx for helping with my homework due to this hub

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      It seems you take child labor in a wrong note. It does not mean opposing a child to work but to provide the basic rights of the children like education, that he/she must get in order to build a better and corruption free nation. The link mentions prices of goods will go up but it may be just a temporary increase in the price, imagine the world when these children will also have a job and then the buying capacity of the families will certainly increase and none will feel such pressure. STOP Child Labor!

    • profile image

      Oddball 6 years ago

      I am for child labor, you really have no idea what those kids would get into if they didn't have a job, their family may die of hunger, even them, and they may sell themselves for prostitution, here's a really nice article to read: http://www.sbindependent.org/node/775

    • profile image

      Swapnil 6 years ago

      wonderful!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      I am spell bound with your short owesome essay on child labour

    • profile image

      sehrish batool 6 years ago

      u hv rellay written very well n ur writing will help me in getting good marks in my assignment.

    • profile image

      sara 6 years ago

      hi anoj, this is very impresed, and i have an essay about childlabor and this can help me a lot and i can score better grades, thanks!

    • profile image

      mayuri 6 years ago

      hey u r so nice. ur article is so valuable for evry poor family.this article must be posted in newwpepar.

    • profile image

      sefiamor 6 years ago

      this is horrible and unfair. keep on doing this research. but can you comment on the hazards as well? please send me information on the hazards of child labour to kufac1@yahoo.com

    • anujagarwal profile image
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      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      @snowflake: The source of statistics are already mentioned wherever required. Thanks for dropping by.

    • profile image

      snowflake 6 years ago

      I'm also doing a term paper on this subject and I was wondering to what point your statistiques were reliable??

      Where did you found them??

    • profile image

      tinni 6 years ago

      we need more people like you.keep up the good work.best wishes and love..

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      Thank you everyone to find it useful. I hope all of you will certainly do your best to educate the society about this sad issue.

    • profile image

      ravi 6 years ago

      hey man... u rock.. ths article must be posted in every newspaper so tht ppl realize who really students are..

      and thnx fr the article.. it was very helpful fr my project!! :)

    • profile image

      ananya aggarwal 6 years ago

      great article.very heart touching . brought a tear in my eye

    • profile image

      Haneef 6 years ago

      I think it is a very useful matter 4 everyone who search in internet about these matters. Keep going n all d best!!!

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      Thank you everyone for the appreciation.

    • profile image

      ramandeep pathak 6 years ago

      ANUJ AAP ACHA KAAM KAR RAHE HAI....CARRY ON

    • profile image

      Andrea 6 years ago

      this is amazing information, good to know you care. thank you!

    • profile image

      Mira Khanal 6 years ago

      Thanks a lot . It's really a serious problem especially for developing countries.I enjoied reading this article

    • anujagarwal profile image
      Author

      Anuj Agarwal 6 years ago from Noida

      Thanks Semekor for finding the article useful. Wish you all the best for your studies.

    • profile image

      Semekor 6 years ago

      Dear anuja,i am a student of maria montessori school in ghana. iam final year student about to write my b.e.c.e thanks to your article iwas able to write article formy teacher thaks alot