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Central America: A Declared Combat Zone
Quit blaming President Obama about how he is handling the over 50,000 kids and teens coming to America's border for a better life. It is overwhelming and the Republican solutions are not going to stop the flow to the border from drug gang infested cartels in Mexico, Guatemala , Honduras or El Salvador. The people leaving to seek a better life are seeking just a right to survive.
The root cause began in the 1990's. when America declared war on the cartels smuggling drugs into the USA via the Caribbean from South America. The interdiction proved to be effective, or so effective, that the cartels found it too costly. The remedy was to divert the smuggling efforts and through Central America. With the drug market in the USA, all the cartels have wanting a slice of the pie. They even fight among themselves for turf for their drug routes.
America's hunger for these drugs has made life unbearable in many Central American countries. According to four-star Marine Corps Gen. Kelly, the situation in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, it is far worse than REAL combat zones like in Afghanistan and Iraq. Hard to believe?
The study by the Corps' states the homicide rate in Honduras is 90 KIA per 100,000, in Guatemala, it is 40 KIA per 100,000. Compare this to Afghanistan, 29 KIA per 100,000! No wonder so many have fled these countries, wouldn't you? Then, add the rumor that once you arrive at the border, you will be welcomed and safe. You won't be sent back. Many have spend $4000 for passage from Mexico into the USA or getting to the border from one of these countries.
The report states that the rule of law in these mentioned countries is so corrupted because of the big profits in drugs. Public institutions are bribed and blackmailed. Since the cartels have huge amounts of cash, public officials are paid off. The cocaine, meth, and heroin, are all made in these countries and smuggled through Mexico into the USA. The report stated that 80% of the violence in these countries is directly tied to drugs and drug cartels. Normal citizens with families worry just making it through a single day. Many would rather take a chance to go the border.
Not all of the fleeing people from these three countries are ending their quest along the U.S. border, many stop and find a new home in Mexico and Costa Rica ( a very well off country when compared to others nearby). Immigration into these two countries has increased 712%.
The report blames the American hunger for these drugs. If the demand was not there, the massive amounts of people fleeing would not be happening.The report could not really provide one solution to stop the flow. The people will continue to flow to the border because their countries are war zones and unless their military controls the drug cartels , as Mexico has tried to do since 2007 (with varying degrees of success with millions provided by the USA), the border will be a wonderful attraction to seek asylum on various grounds because lives are in danger. Sending them back, as the US is doing, does nothing. The same people will make the trip to the US border again and again and again.
The promise of a better life is just too strong. They have nothing else to lose and living in a war zone is repugnant.