ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Challenges Facing Secondary Schools in Africa and Solutions

Updated on October 20, 2017

Map of Africa

Map of Africa. The map shows the countries that belong to African Continent.
Map of Africa. The map shows the countries that belong to African Continent. | Source

What are the challenges facing African secondary schools?

Sincerely, there are various challenges that the education sector of the African continent have been facing for years now. These challenges affect the child’s educational learning and understanding in a very big way. In this topic, the challenges are to be discussed followed by the possible solutions in solving all of them.

Among the reasons for the many challenges faced by the secondary schools in Africa is due to selfishness and corruption. The members of the political class in the continent are known for these two hindering factors. They prefer to embezzle the funds which are to be used in development of secondary schools in the continent instead of investing right in the schools. Investing is schools is what most European countries do but Africa does not want to learn.

Challenges in Computer Learning in Secondary Schools

It is clear to everybody that computer is gradually taking the stage of academic learning in the whole world. In line with this, all the leaders, both the governors and the presidents of most African countries are making effort to see that computers are installed in various secondary schools for acquisition in computer skills.

Notwithstanding the efforts made by the leaders in various parts of Africa including Cameroon, Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana, Ethiopia, Congo, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria, Mali, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Zambia, Gabon, Zimbabwe, just to mention but a few, there are problems that the students face which hinder the learning of computer skill acquisition in secondary schools.

One of the challenges facing the learning of computer in African secondary schools is the non-availability of the instructors that will impact the knowledge of computer into the students. Though the computers have been installed, the question is on who will help the students in learning of the computer skills.

Employing good instructors that will educate African secondary school students is a better option to solving the problem of computer skill acquisition. The instructors are to be well paid in order to do the much they could to help the students acquire the required skill in computer.

Say your opinion

Do you think it is of any importance to install computers in African secondary schools?

See results
The problems that African secondary schools are facing-illustration. The secondary schools in Africa are not in good state.
The problems that African secondary schools are facing-illustration. The secondary schools in Africa are not in good state. | Source

Major Challenges Facing Secondary Education in Africa

The major challenges facing secondary schools in Africa are:

  • Poor government funding
  • Unqualified teachers
  • Poor Infrastructure
  • Inadequate Payment
  • Insecurity

Unqualified teachers

Most private secondary schools in Africa are after profit and not mainly on the knowledge to be imparted on the secondary school students. This is bad. It is one of the challenges with the education sector of Africa. The private proprietors of most private secondary schools in Africa employ unqualified teachers who lack experience on teaching profession to teach the students. This is one of the reasons why many of the students perform poorly, and that is one of the root causes of examination malpractice.

Do you believe there are many unqualified teachers in African secondary schools?

See results

Poor Infrastructure

There is no argument when it comes to the level of poor infrastructural standard that the African students make use of during their studies. The use of poorly build schools affects the level of understanding of the students negatively. Think of a situation where the students are learning in a classroom whose roof has been weakened and all the roofing sheets fallen away from the building. If it happened that rain began to fall, what will be the condition of the students and the teacher teaching them on that day? The truth is that is either the teaching ends at that moment or the students dismissed for the day.

Inadequate Payment

Inadequate payment of teachers is another factor that challenges secondary school education in Africa. The amount of payment given to any teacher is dependent on the quality of service that the teacher will deliver. Management cannot pay $70 to an African teacher as salary for the month when he know that she is supposed to be paid at least $350 and expect quality service to be given to the students.

This has been a problem in black race countries. The politicians take all the money and feel ignorant of taking care of the teachers that took care of them. These same teachers are the people that are bringing up other young talents in the countries.

Insecurity

Many schools in Africa are not secured. The students who are learning in the schools are not guaranteed of their safety. This attitude in one way or the other has resulted to loss of lives of those that came to schools to learn. It is bad as parents who has lost their children through this careless attitude of school managers are in pains.

In Nigeria for instance, in the month of October 2017, there was outbreak of people administering vaccines to the students of primary and secondary schools in the country. Some of the students who received such vaccines died. After some reactions of the public, the government and heath departments of the country denied that they did not send any of such group for vaccination. That is to show you the level of insecurity in African secondary schools.

This can be confirmed by Vanguard News publication on October 12, 2017 through the sentence "The entire South East zone is currently in commotion, following widespread rumour alleging invasion of schools by men dressed in military uniform and allegedly injecting pupils and students to death with an unknown vaccine linked to monkey pox."

Solutions to the challenges facing secondary schools in Africa. The solutions will help in solving the continental educational challenge.
Solutions to the challenges facing secondary schools in Africa. The solutions will help in solving the continental educational challenge. | Source

Solutions to the Problems Facing Secondary School Education in Africa

The problems or challenges that the secondary school education in Africa is facing can be solved if only the solutions to be provided are taken and practiced.

Proper Government Funding

Any government that wants the good of the entire education sector of Africa must do well to fund the sector. In the same way, the resurrection of the standard of African secondary schools should start from funding by governments in various countries in Africa. It is the duty of every government to see to the good of the people he is leading including all the secondary schools.

Good Infrastructure

Can you compare the infrastructural level of secondary schools in Africa to that of United States of America? The difference is clear and the blind can even differentiate between the two. Both government and capable individuals should form a team to sponsor secondary schools by taking care of the infrastructural aspect. Doing this will enhance and upgrade the secondary schools in Africa and help students to comprehend more.


Good Salary

Paying good and adequate salaries to secondary school teachers will make qualified and well educated Africans to get interested in teaching. When this is done, the students will find education interesting rather than puzzle or difficult task. If a qualified teacher that is well grounded in mathematics takes care of secondary school students, the students will find mathematics interesting and will not shy away from mathematics questions.

Government Monitoring

Government should appoint or elect monitoring teams. These teams will be visiting secondary schools in African countries to examine the quality of teachers, infrastructural level and other important areas that need to be addressed in secondary schools. When these teams work actively, they will reduce the number of unqualified teachers that parade all round Africa as secondary school teachers while they have nothing in their own heads not to talk of imparting in the students.

Conclusion of the Topic

In summary, governments in African Continent should have a rethink and know that if secondary schools are in good state the future of the Continent becomes bright. Discussed are the challenges facing secondary schools in Africa and possible solutions to resolve the challenges. The challenges as discussed are unqualified teachers, infrastructure, poor government funding, and poor payment. The solutions to solving the problems that African secondary schools are facing were also discussed. Among the solutions are proper government funding, salary increase, strong monitoring team and good infrastructure.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)