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Child Sex Trafficking

Updated on May 3, 2017

Child Sex Trafficking

In this paper the author will be presenting the problems about child sex trafficking and will provide ways on how to solve the problem or how to reduce the issue. The author believes that child sex trafficking has always been an issue but has not been noticed as much as it should have. Sex trafficking is not a topic that is spoken in a causal conversation, specifically in cases of child sex trafficking, and we as a society do not believe that this kind of situation can happen, so we do not provide the right kind of health care. In addition, it is underestimated who the perpetrator could be and how this problem can be fixed so no more children have to go through this.

Literature Review

This paper will be discussing the issue of sex trafficking, but more specifically child sex trafficking. Topics that are going to be presented about the main points of child sex trafficking are providing health care services for these children, how women have a role as a pimp, the fact that children are not just an item that can be sold, and lastly how to help to prevent this situation.

The Role of Female Pimps

As a society, there is a high percentage that the thought of those who are the perpetrator of sex trafficking on children are men, but the author does not agree with that. Everyone should not put the blame on a person just because of their gender, everyone has an equal amount of possibility of being the abuser, such as women are capable of leading the sex trafficking. In this article it will explain that the role of women in sex trafficking has not been given much attention to because of their gender, the reason being that women are seen as weak and cannot do wrong. The purpose of this research that Roe-Sepowitz, D., Gallagher, J., Risinger, M., & Hickle, K. (2015) were trying to figure out was if women and men have a difference on receiving penalties for their action.

Providing Health Care for Victims

There are many health care services for victims, but the main problem of the health care services is that it is not being promoted as much for victims to understand what kind of help there is for them. If these services were announced to the public more there would be fewer people afraid to speak up and receive proper treatment. The researchers Greenbaum, J., & Crawford-Jakubiak, J. (2015) wanted to increase the acknowledgement of the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC). CSEC helps guide young children by letting them know that there are professionals that can help them. There are another authors who were trying to make the same study of the health care provided to victims, Varma, S., Gillespie, S., Mccracken, C., & Greenbaum, V. (2015), stated that the main point of the study was to describe the characteristics of commercial sexual exploitation of children and that CSEC is present the health care in a pediatric setting.

Stopping Child Sex Trafficking

The author will be presenting on how the situation is being looked at in the United States now, and providing the three acts that were made for anti-trafficking laws. The three acts that are being presented are The Mann Act, The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, and The Protect Act. Tomes, M. (2013), presents a short story of a child being sex trafficked and will show how much the anti-trafficking laws have changed over the time.

Analysis

The Role of a Female Pimp

The literature shows that there are not many female pimps, and there are more male pimps. However, female pimps are being overlooked because there are not many of them. Roe-Sepowitz, D., Gallagher, J., Risinger, M., & Hickle, K. (2015), has shown in their article that there are certain roles that traffickers make children fulfill, as well as discusses the techniques of traffickers and women as pimps. The roles that male traffickers identify with are that they are making rules for the victims as if they were playing a game. The traffickers also start putting these young children to work as a prostitute; they are running a business mainly to sell sex to customers, and they do not hold back to keep these children in line as they will use violence to control them, and lastly they will try to have some kind relationship with the victim. The author has noticed that the researchers did not offer any kind of information on roles that a female may do, or different techniques that pimps use to target children. The main technique that is being used on children is to use violence and manipulate them. By using these two techniques, it will make the children more afraid to stand up for themselves and seek for help. When it comes to women being pimps the researchers have stated that women tend to teach the victim tricks when making them become a prostitute. Those were the only points the researchers gave for female pimps.

Providing Health Care for Victims

The researchers Greenbaum, J., & Crawford-Jakubiak, J. (2015), explains that the main purpose of CSEC is related to sex trafficking and they are trying to give examples of what those exactly are. Things that are being classified as sex trafficking are prostitution, sex tourism, mail-order-bride trades, early marriages, and much more. The researchers are also trying to show that the United States classifies the victims of child abuse as criminals because of their actions of being a prostitute, even if they were forced. The other researchers Varma, S., Gillespie, S., Mccracken, C., & Greenbaum, V. (2015), are also explaining the same idea but also state their limitation for this study; it was very difficult for them to find the victims of CSEC due to their disclosure of exploitation and they have a very small sample size for this study. They find a possibility that some of the patients in the control group were not actually abused, with that find it will contradict their question of sex trafficking for children.

Stopping Child Sex Trafficking

Tomes, M. (2013), brings in a story of twelve-year-old girl named Carissa Phelps who did not have a great childhood, she was put in foster care when her mother left her and then she ended up becoming a victim of sex trafficking. After many years of being exposed to this, she ran away from to have a better life. The author brings in three different acts that were made, which are The Mann Act, Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, and The Protect Act. Tomes, M (2013), gives a description of this acts, the first one is The Mann Act, which was the first law that ban sex slavery in 1910, which was also known as the White Slave Traffic Act. The second one would be the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, this act had their own description and definition of what sex trafficking is and they stated that it was “the recruitment, harboring transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act” (Tomes, M. 2013). The last act that Tomes, M (2013) provides is The Protect Act; this act is made to end the exploitation of children in modern times, which was made in 2003. This act increases the amount of number of women and men being arrested for being involved in sex trafficking. The author believes that these article gave great information for the acts to protect children and basically any victim who is involved in sex trafficking. The author felt that it gave information that very victim should know what they have available to them, and be able to explain these act also to people who were going through the same thing they went through. If they are able to communicate with each other and support each other, it would be easy to catch these perpetrators.

Social Policies

Fix the Problem

The author believes that to fix the problem that this topic should be discussed with children, explaining to them if things are not working out at home that there are resources out there to help them and people who are happy to get them out of harm’s way. Tomes, M (2013), brings in an idea to fix the problem by stopping the accusing and charging of juveniles for prostitution. The point the author is trying to make by saying they stop accusing and charging theses young adult for prostitution is because the court is not taking into consideration that these kids could have been threatened that if they did not do what they were told they would be harmed, and they did not have any other way to survive in a world where they were not receiving the best conditions at home. The court system just sees these juveniles doing something wrong and believe that they decided on their own to become a prostitute. For kids that were or are victims of sex trafficking it should be a priority to give therapy or any kind of guidance to them as a society.

Conclusion

In this paper the author has presented the problems about child sex trafficking and provided a few ways on how to solve the problem, such as providing health care options for victims as well as lessening the penalty for prostitution by understanding the circumstances. The author believes that child sex trafficking has always been an issue but has not been noticed as much as it should have, and as a society it is believed that this kind of situation does not happen, which is why we do not provide the right kind of health care, also it is underestimated who the perpetrator could be, which could also be women who cause the sex trafficking.

Reference

Greenbaum, J., & Crawford-Jakubiak, J. (2015). Child sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation: Health care needs of victims. Pediatrics, 135(3), 566.

Roe-Sepowitz, D., Gallagher, J., Risinger, M., & Hickle, K. (2015). The sexual exploitation of girls in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(16), 2814-2830.

Tomes, M. (2013). A child is not a commodity: Stopping domestic child sex trafficking. University of Florida Journal of Law and Public Policy, 24(2), 213-234.

Varma, S., Gillespie, S., Mccracken, C., & Greenbaum, V. (2015). Characteristics of child commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking victims presenting for medical care in the United States. Child Abuse & Neglect, 44, 98-105.

Outline

I. Introduction

- This paper will be talking about the process of sex trafficking

- The author sees what is being underestimated and overlooked at this situation

II. Literature Review

- This paper will be talking about specifically on child sex trafficking and also be able to provide ways on how to solve the problem or how to alleviate the issue

- Have sub groups such as 1. Female pimps 2. Health care for victims 3. Stopping trafficking

III. Analysis (agree with the issue in the articles)

- The author believes the literature shows that there is good information on these topics but can be expanded on

- Sub groups such as 1. Female Pimps 2. Health care for Victims 3. Stopping trafficking

IV. Social Policies

- Provide groups for those that need help after being trafficked

- Women and males should have the same sentence when caught of sex trafficking

V. Conclusion

A. Restate the purpose of this paper

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