ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Commander In Chief

Updated on January 9, 2020
James A Watkins profile image

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with three non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

President George Washington
President George Washington

The President is the Commander In Chief

The President of the United States is the permanent Commander in Chief over the American military. He may deploy and direct his armed forces as he sees fit. This authority comes from the Constitution, Article II, Section 2, which states that the President must obtain approval from Congress for treaties and ambassadorships but does not need permission from anyone to use military force.

President James Madison
President James Madison

Reasons Why the President is Commander in Chief

The title ‘Commander in Chief’ signifies that the essential authority to conduct military operations is vested in the President. Before the ratification of the Constitution, Anti-Federalists objected vehemently to this power to wage war abiding in one man. The Federalists were for it and won the argument by assuring those in the middle that Congress could exert some control by curtailing the flow of funds for the armed forces.

The thing is, the Chief Executive, also known as the President, must have the ability to act immediately when urgent action is required. The enemy will not wait for deliberation and consensus. Congress and the Judiciary are sometimes in session and sometimes not. The President is always on duty. He cannot wait for Congress to get together, talk it over, and take a vote on what to do next. The world is unpredictable. The Chief Executive must possess the freedom to act expeditiously, to improvise on the fly, and even to operate secretly.

Americans are so used to civilian control over the military that many of us do not realize that it is not how things are always done in other places. The Founding Fathers made sure that our armed forces would be under civilian control because military officers plotting against their governments was - and is - common in the world.

Our military officers generally declined to involve themselves in politics—most refused to even vote—for much of our history. Their job is to follow the orders of the Commander in Chief regardless of his political party or policies. Civilian control has been an enormous blessing to America.

President James K. Polk
President James K. Polk
President Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln
President William McKinley
President William McKinley

What is the Role of Congress?

Congress controls the purse. Only Congress has the authority to tax, borrow, and fund government activities. The Constitution limits congressional involvement in the military to appropriating the money it needs, and to “Declare War.” The President cannot declare war.

Article 1 of the Constitution declares that individual states may not “engage in War” “without the consent of Congress,” as Presidents can. To “Declare War” does not give Congress the authority to initiate, conduct, or control War.

Therefore, the Chief Executive is in command of the armed forces. Still, Congress provides and supplies the armed forces for him to command. The President does not preside over domestic industry, which would make weapons and munitions, for instance, not to mention facilities, uniforms, and victuals.

Perhaps Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson explained it best: “The Constitution expressly places in Congress the power to 'raise and support Armies' and 'to provide and maintain a Navy.' This certainly lays upon Congress the primary responsibility for supplying the armed forces. Congress alone controls the raising of revenues and their appropriation and may determine in what manner and by what means they shall be spent for military and naval procurement.”

President Woodrow Wilson
President Woodrow Wilson
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President Harry S. Truman
President Harry S. Truman
President Lyndon Baines Johnson
President Lyndon Baines Johnson

The President is the Commander In Chief

In America's glorious history, its presidents have deployed the military 230 times without a Declaration of War from Congress. President Truman sent troops to Korea in 1950 without congressional approval, which he firmly asserted he did not require. President Johnson took actions of astonishing magnitude sans a Declaration of War in Vietnam. That led to the 1973 War Powers Resolution, by which Congress claimed it confines the President’s power to make war without its approval to sixty days.

President Carter did not tell Congress before he tried and failed to rescue American hostages in Iran. President Reagan ignored the War Powers Resolution when he took action in Lebanon, Grenada, and Libya. President Obama did the same when he took action against Libya.

President Clinton paid no attention to the Resolution when he engaged our military in Somalia, Haiti, and Kosovo. Congress even sued Clinton over his airstrikes in Yugoslavia. A Federal Court unanimously dismissed the case, in which Congress had claimed that the Air Force campaign was illegal because of the War Powers Resolution. President Clinton’s victorious defense was that for Congress to limit his use of the armed forces was an inappropriate, unconstitutional restraint on his "command and control" of the military.

Back in 1936, the Supreme Court ruled that because the Commander in Chief is the "sole organ" in international relations. Therefore, he inherently possesses substantive authority over foreign affairs, far exceeding the powers he has in domestic matters or any authority accorded to the U.S. Congress.

The President is the Chief Executive of the United States of America and the Commander in Chief of its military.

President George Bush
President George Bush
President George W. Bush
President George W. Bush

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      11 days ago from Chicago

      Oscar Jones ~ You are most welcome. Thank you for coming back and leaving us some stirring and inspiration remarks. Surely you are right "that God's abiding presence is all over the constitution of the U.S. of America, and part of its creation. I don't know how you can extricate its content from God being the inspiration and sharing in its creation as such they stated. ... The faith of great men made it so. A belief in divinely powered government."

      Well put.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      11 days ago from Chicago

      T ~ Thank you for your excellent additional comments. I agree with you that it is silly to say "every citizen of the metropolitan area knows, he pays off victims and intimidates others with great and consistent frequency." I'll bet there are citizens in New York who never even heard of Donald Trump before he ran for president. And surely among the citizens of New York he has some supporters.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      11 days ago from Chicago

      Howard Schneider ~ Thank you for coming back by to offer your thoughtful insights. Some of what you say makes good sense.

      I will point out that out of the 3,500 lawsuits Donald Trump’s companies have been involved in, Trump’s companies were THE PLAINTIFFS in 1,900 of them; defendants in 1,450; and a third party in 150.

      In about 500 of those cases where Trump was sued, judges DISMISSED plaintiffs' claims against Trump - over 1/3 of them found to be frivolous. In hundreds more, cases ended with the available public record unclear about the resolution. Where there was a clear resolution, TRUMP WON 451 LAWSUITS AND LOST 38. That is quite an impressive record. He lost 1% of the lawsuits.

      For a comparison, Walmart was sued 5,000 times in ONE YEAR. People like to sue deep pockets.

      As a side note, Bloomberg Philanthropies financed a group that is planting private attorneys into state attorneys general offices for the explicit purpose of pushing back against Trump's regulatory rollbacks. From their government perches, these left-wing lawyers paid for by Bloomie and pals have filed more than 300 state lawsuits to gum up the agenda of the Trump administration.

    • Oscarlites profile image

      Oscar Jones 

      13 days ago from Monroeville, Alabama

      Regardless, Mr. T.

      I thought Howard was more objective, and less obstentious in this post. Maybe he's seeing that other's don't automatically think the same way he does?, and besides, its no good for anyone to spew hate around. Yes, sometimes we do call the kettle black when its necessary. YET still I'll say, in case James doesn't; almost every founding father and statesman declared "that God's abiding presence is all over the constitution of the U.S. of America, and part of its creation. I don't know how you can extricate its content from God being the inspiration and sharing in its creation as such they stated. Its burned into our history and will never be removed, not just my humble opinion I'm sure. Is that also an assumption? But its the stuff great countries are made of. The faith of great men made it so. A belief in divinely powered goverment. UNITED WE STAND. Thank you James A. Watkins and hubpages for letting me post this.

    • tsadjatko profile image

      13 days ago from now on

      James, don’t you find it interesting that Howard makes broad ambiguous accusations qualified only by silly statements like “every citizen of the metropolitan area knows, he pays off victims and intimidates others with great and consistent frequency ”

      That statement is more than an exaggeration, it’s a lie! Like he knows what “every citizen” in NY knows? You can’t make more ridiculous statements while admitting he has never been charged with a crime! it’s the type of rhetoric only people full of jealousy and resentment spew. TDS? If the shoe fits I say he wears it.

      This kind of hyperbole, exaggeration and factless ranting is nothing but an emotional reaction typical of the left that puts their “feelings” above reason.

    • profile image

      Howard Schneider 

      13 days ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

      James, I concur that the mention of God and his beneficence are all over a long list of American ceremonies and documents but that does not constitute its prominence over the mechanisms of our governance. People are certainly influenced by their religious beliefs in politics and governance but it is no way part of our actual governmental or constitutional processes. As to President Trump, you are correct that he has never been criminally charged. As every citizen of the metropolitan area knows, he pays off victims and intimidates others with great and consistent frequency. He is the most sued businessman in my region because he refuses to pay off his creditors as well as his vendors and construction people. This is where his constant lying comes in. His only concept of truth are facts that protect himself. Period. My hope is that once his presidential reign ends that his system of lawsuits, payoffs, and intimidation will fail to keep him from prosecution. Finally, Trump's nationalism is jingoistic and used as a way to scare and rev up his base into a frenzy. You are right that nationalism need not be a bad thing. It is only bad when Trump or anyone else weaponizes it. Nationalism and the globalism you so detest need not be mutually exclusive. Taking actions and advocating for policies that strengthen your country are not only good but proper. These policies often will and always should be attempted to be installed with idea of coordinating with our global allies if possible. As with most political or social ideas, nationalism and globalism are good as long as they are administered moderately, judiciously, and without malice towards anyone.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Oscar Jones ~ You are most welcome. I appreciate your kind compliments.

    • Oscarlites profile image

      Oscar Jones 

      2 weeks ago from Monroeville, Alabama

      James, from my standpoint; You've given it all on this subject.. nothing more anyone can say.. Its a good post, supported by more than ample evidence. thanks!

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Pamela Oglesby ~ Thank you so much for your lovely laudations. I appreciate the visit from you. I appreciate your keen insights: "I think the time element is very important as you cannot convene Congress always at a moments notice. I do not always trust Congress to keep quiet about a plan of any kind if they disagree."

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Oscar Jones ~ I do love those lyrics: “"My country tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrims pride, from every mountain side, let freedom ring"

      I totally agree with your comments: “Compared to the eastern world, where people are forced to pray at certain hours of the day, women are raped, demeaned and denied equality, there is no government except their religion, they are taught racism, and hate, and they strive to take over the world so they can spread fear and vengeance. They come to America to change its values and seek to stifle our religious freedom. I want no part of that."

      I also wholeheartedly agree that “No, everything isn't perfect within our country, but I promise you there is more love and forgiveness and willingness to let people succeed in America than anywhere else in the world. More has been done to stop slavery, racism, bigotry, and imperialism in the U.S.A., and I am proud of it."

      Thank you for your excellent comments.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Mr. Happy ~ It is great to hear from you! Thank you very much for reading my article and commenting. As you say, “Franklin Roosevelt was the last President, in 1941 who went to Congress to ask for permission to engage the United States in War. There have been a lot of wars since then and not once was Congress consulted …”

      Since its founding, the U.S. has formally declared war eleven times. The United States has used armed force abroad 243 times since its last declaration of war.

      As Tanisha Fazal has demonstrated, the decline in formal declarations of war is a worldwide phenomenon.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Howard Schneider ~ It is not true that President Trump tried "to bribe a foreign leader to dig up lies on former Vice President Biden." The Ukrainians say it is a lie. The transcript shows it is not so. And all witnesses called when asked point blank, "Do you have any personal knowledge or evidence that there has been a bribe or any crime committed by President Trump," said, "No." Some of them "heard" or "presumed." Well I can say I heard or presumed that Martians landed in Connecticut.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Howard Schneider ~ As far as "Our founding fathers never wanted religion in our governance and worked on it to not be part of it," that is a gross oversimplification. They allowed states to have state denominations. They wanted the federal government to remain neutral in the squabble between denominations, which was a much bigger deal at the time than it is today. The Founding Fathers were certainly not Anti-Christian, as was the French Revolution, which marks the birth of the Anti-Christian Left.

      The Founders believed that the State should not run the Church and the Church should not run the State. However, they saw the two as working together toward the same ends - surely not enemies. They believed the Christian faith indispensable to virtue and therefore to liberty. Only a virtuous people could be self-governing.

      The first act of America's first Congress in 1774 was to ask a minister to open with prayer and to lead Congress in the reading of 4 chapters of the Bible.

      In 1777, Congress, facing a National shortage of "Bibles for our schools, and families, and for the public worship of God in our churches," announced that they "desired to have a Bible printed under their care & by their encouragement" and therefore ordered 20,000 copies of the Bible.

      The 1783 Treaty of Paris, that officially ended the American Revolution and established America as an independent nation, begins with the appellation "In the name of the most holy and undivided Trinity."

      James Madison declared that he saw the finished Constitution as a product of "the finger of that Almighty Hand."

      Benjamin Franklin believed that the writing of our founding documents had been "influenced, guided, and governed by that omnipotent, omnipresent, and beneficent Ruler, in Whom all inferior spirits live, and move, and have their being."

      in 1789, the first Federal Congress, the Congress that framed the Bill of Rights, including the First Amendment, appropriated Federal funds to pay chaplains to pray at the opening of all sessions, a practice that has continued to this day, with Congress not only funding its congressional chaplains but also the salaries and operations of more than 4,500 military chaplains.

      In 1789, Congress, in the midst of framing the Bill of Rights and the First Amendment, passed the first Federal law touching education, declaring that "Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged."

      The constitutions of each of the 50 States, either in the preamble or body, explicitly recognize or express gratitude to God.

      America's first Presidential Inauguration incorporated 7 specific religious activities, including— the use of the Bible to administer the oath; affirming the religious nature of the oath by the adding the prayer `So help me God!' to the oath; inaugural prayers offered by the President; religious content in the inaugural address; civil leaders calling the people to prayer or acknowledgment of God; inaugural worship services attended en masse by Congress as an official part of congressional activities; and clergy-led inaugural prayers, activities which have been replicated in whole or part by every subsequent President.

      Inside the United States Capitol the declaration "In God We Trust" is prominently displayed in both the United States House and Senate Chambers.

      All sessions of the United States Supreme Court begin with the Court's Marshall announcing, "God save the United States and this honorable court."

      The United States Supreme Court has declared throughout the course of our Nation's history that the United States is "a Christian country," "a Christian nation," "a Christian people," "a religious people whose institutions presuppose a Supreme Being," and that "We cannot read into the Bill of Rights a philosophy of hostility to religion.'

      In 1853, the United States Senate declared that the Founding Fathers "Had no fear or jealousy of religion itself, nor did they wish to see us an irreligious people. They did not intend to spread over all the public authorities and the whole public action of the nation the dead and revolting spectacle of atheistical apathy."

      In 1854, the United States House of Representatives declared "Religion must be considered as the foundation on which the whole structure rests. Christianity; in its general principles, is the great conservative element on which we must rely for the purity and permanence of free institutions."

      in 1870, the Federal Government made Christmas - a recognition of the birth of Christ, an event described by the U.S. Supreme Court as "acknowledged in the Western World for 20 centuries, and in this country by the people, the Executive Branch, Congress, and the courts for 2 centuries" - and Thanksgiving: a Day for America to give thanks to Almighty God - official holidays.

      President John Adams declared, "As the safety and prosperity of nations ultimately and essentially depend on the protection and the blessing of Almighty God, the national acknowledgment of this truth is an indispensable duty which the people owe to Him."

      President Andrew Jackson proclaimed, "The Bible is the rock on which our Republic rests.'"

      President Abraham Lincoln stated that the Bible "is the best gift God has given to men. But for it, we could not know right from wrong."

      President Teddy Roosevelt pronounced, "The Decalogue and the Golden Rule must stand as the foundation of every successful effort to better either our social or our political life."

      President Woodrow Wilson stated that "America was born to exemplify that devotion to the elements of righteousness which are derived from the revelations of Holy Scripture."

      President Herbert Hoover declared, "American life is built, and can only survive, upon the fundamental philosophy announced by the Savior nineteen centuries ago."

      President Franklin D. Roosevelt not only led the Nation in a six minute prayer during D-Day on June 6, 1944, but he also pronounced that "If we will not prepare to give all that we have and all that we are to preserve Christian civilization in our land, we shall go to destruction."

      President Harry S. Truman stated that "The fundamental basis of this Nation's law was given to Moses. The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings which we get from Exodus and St. Matthew, from Isaiah and St. Paul."

      President Harry S. Truman also told a group touring Washington, D.C.: "You will see, as you make your rounds, that this Nation was established by men who believed in God. You will see the evidence of this deep religious faith."

      President Dwight D. Eisenhower said, "Without God there could be no American form of government, nor an American way of life. Recognition of the Supreme Being is the first, the most basic, expression of Americanism. Thus, the founding fathers of America saw it, and thus with God's help, it will continue to be," in a declaration later repeated with approval by President Gerald Ford.

      President John F. Kennedy declared that "The rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God."

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Oscar Jones ~ There is no doubt but that the Left "set up a hit on this president before he took over his presidential duties."

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Howard Schneider ~ You make some rather startling claims in your third comment. President Trump has never been charged with a crime in his long life. Distinguishing between Americans and foreigners is not racist. Foreigners can be of any and all races. And as far as being a Nationalist goes, why not?

      The Leftists had a fit when President Trump said, “I am not a Globalist. I am a Nationalist.” They had a fit because they are Globalists: they want a World Without Borders, a world without nations, where there are no Americans only “Citizens of the World.” So, in their usual spiteful slander, they falsely equated being a Nationalist with being a Nazi.

      I have three dictionaries and here is how they define Nationalist: 1) “A person who advocates political independence for a country [as in independent from the United Nations].” 2) “A person who strongly identifies with their own nation and vigorously supports its interests.” 3) “A person with great love for their nation.”

      There is absolutely nothing wrong with being a Nationalist. I can find plenty wrong with being a Globalist.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      T ~ Thank you for coming over to read my article on the Commander In Chief. I appreciate your kind compliments on my work here. I have no doubt whatsoever of your ability to "give you a dozen examples of Democrats praising dictators like Castro and Mao." The New Left was launched in the 1960s by revolutionaries carrying Mao's Little Red Book and wearing Che Guevara shirts.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Oscar Jones ~ Thank you for coming back by and leaving a second comment. I surely agree with your analysis: “Today we have an obvious situation of one party wanting to oust the president. They have insisted on using overhanded, underhanded and any way they can to end this presidency. It was declared as a party based war against the republican nominee the minute it happened.”

      However, I am puzzled as to what you mean by, “all of these foreigners working right beside [Obama] in the White House.”

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      2 weeks ago from Sunny Florida

      I think you explained the role of the Commander in Chief vs the role of Congress quite well.

      I think the time element is very important as you cannot convene Congress always at a moments notice. I do not always trust Congress to keep quiet about a plan of any kind if they disagree.

    • Oscarlites profile image

      Oscar Jones 

      2 weeks ago from Monroeville, Alabama

      James, do you see, or read anything here that is based on fear, are on judgemental-ism? I do. However, there is no fear in the country that coined the phrase " IN God We Trust". and based our laws upon the ten commandments. Oh they hate it.. Love for country and origin is the basis of patriotism. "My country tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrims pride, from every mountain side, let freedom ring". Compared to the eastern world, where people are forced to pray at certain hours of the day, women are raped, demeaned and denied equality, there is no government except their religion, they are taught racism, and hate, and they strive to take over the world so they can spread fear and vengeance. They come to America to change its values and seek to stifle our religious freedom. I want no part of that. They stop at nothing and no level is too low for them to go. It was the same American freedom that let Obama be president that has now let Trump be our president. It will let someone else be his successor. Its a shame that someone wants to use your writings and commentary to preach racism and accost those freedoms which they obviously have not fought for nor shed blood for. No, everything isn't perfect within our country, but I promise you there is more love and forgiveness and willingness to let people succeed in America than anywhere else in the world. More has been done to stop slavery, racism, bigotry, and imperialism in the U.S.A., and I am proud of it. Read : The Mystic Chords of Memory, by Abraham Lincoln. Those who fought for the equality and freedom of the United States Constitution, only made it stronger and freed more people. Once the civil war was over, it quickly became apparent that it was just a few landowners who brought slavery here, and yes it grew like a social illness much the same as we see happening today with other social ills. But then President Lincoln gave his soul to see that "all men are created equal". What did he stand on? you got it, The Constitution of the United States!". When they let the slaves go free, then those people were able to see the true intention of equality. Yes, it was a black eye on a few greedy landowners, but now today, those people who came from Africa and other places in bonds live in the same freedom and liberty that was determined by our fathers to be based on equality. If you adhere to the constitution, you will encounter some principles that were set by almighty God, signed John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin. Many hundreds and thousands signed their name to this country and its Constitution. If you can't do the same, you don't belong here, Just like one day, if you enter Heaven, you will have chosen to live by its rules. It will make no difference then if you are president or pizza maker, we will all be equal there as well.

    • Mr. Happy profile image

      Mr. Happy 

      2 weeks ago from Toronto, Canada

      Franklin Roosevelt was the last President, in 1941 who went to Congress to ask for permission to engage the United States in War. There have been a lot of wars since then and not once was Congress consulted and/or allowed to do its job. And the problem is language and interpretation over which lawyers and people on Hub-pages can and will continue to argue over for a long time, haha!!

      Article I, Section 8, Clause 11 of the U.S. Constitution grants Congress the power to declare war. But here in this article we have the interpretation that: "To “Declare War” does not give Congress the authority to initiate". In my understanding/interpretation the "Declaration of War" is exactly that: the formal INITIATION of war, which Congress must be involved in.

      Here is the definition:

      "DECLARATION OF WAR. An act of the national legislature, in which a state of war is declared to exist between the United States and some other nation.

      2. This power is vested in congress by the constitution, art. 1, s. 8. There is no form or ceremony necessary, except the passage of the act. A manifesto, stating the causes of the war, is usually published, but war exists as soon as the act takes effect..."

      Nobody cares anymore though. Like I said in the beginning, last President to care about this was Roosevelt. Look at Obama, he assasinated Anwar al-Awlaki, an American citizens abroad with drone strikes: no judge, no jury, just plain-out assassination. Then, went back and killed his son the same way. Haha!! And we're sitting here trying to be good scholars debating the Constitution. They don't give two #$%^. If the US gov't wants someone dead, they just go out and kill them, period. If the gov't wants to start a war, they just go out and invade places. No questions asked. No need to because there are no consequences.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Howard Schneider ~ Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I must say I am quite surprised at your first sentence: “Would you be making these same INTERPRETATIONS if President Barack Obama had undertaken similar actions against a nation for a reason you did not support.” [CAPS MINE]

      I do write quite a few opinion pieces. However, this one only presents the cold hard facts. There are no ‘interpretations’ in this piece. Where do you see my ‘interpretations.'?

      As for Obama’s actions in Libya, I saw nothing unconstitutional about it at the time nor do I recall anyone in the media or otherwise complaining about it.

      But I see you were just getting wound up. Your closing statement beggars belief. “The scary part is that we now have a President that admires dictators and war criminals and wishes to become one himself.” So President Trump is sitting there thinking, “Wouldn’t it nice to go down in history as war criminal.” Now there is something all men aspire to.

      ps President Trump is trying to reduce the power of the federal government, which is the opposite of what a dictator does.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Oscar Jones ~ Thank you for reading my work. I sincerely appreciate your kind compliments on it.

    • Oscarlites profile image

      Oscar Jones 

      2 weeks ago from Monroeville, Alabama

      Schneider sir, did they not set up a hit on this president before he took over his presidential duties? I rest my case. Also, you think Arabs aren't racist? If I'm anything, Im a born in the USA, believe in freedom, citizen. I'm anti-communist, I'm democratic, don't you just hate that? But, I believe the people of other countries should improve and change thier country to the way they want it, but leave mine alone. I will fight for what I believe in, and I'm going to try to keep patriotic Americans in our White House and not let other nationalities take it over. Truth has no apology. So stay out of any debate you don't want to lose here. I stand on the blood of many American Fathers and Mothers, who God made owners of freedom and the good ol' U.S. of A! If you are an enemy of that, you won't prevail. Stand up oh ye boomers and milleninials. All who trust in liberty and trust in Almighty God.

    • tsadjatko profile image

      2 weeks ago from now on

      Howard, why do you insist on putting words in other’s mouths? That’s all you are doing when you say things like it “seems you might feel“ or proposing hypothetical situations and drawing conclusions from them based on nothing but your whimsical impressions like this:

      “The scary part is that we now have a President that admires dictators and war criminals and wishes to become one himself.“

      Just what could you possibly be basing that ludicrous statement on?

      I can give you a dozen examples of Democrats praising dictators like Castro and Mao. Yet you apparently want to make things up about Trump. You should be ashamed of such behavior!

      Oscar your comment is right on. And James, what more can anyone say about your article but RIGHT ON!

    • profile image

      Howard Schneider 

      2 weeks ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

      Oscar, There were no foreigners behind him as you state. They were highly competent Americans. Some by birth, some naturalized. It seems that you feel that he only should have had white, eurocentric, and American by birth people working for him.

    • Oscarlites profile image

      Oscar Jones 

      2 weeks ago from Monroeville, Alabama

      In our case of opposing parties, today we have an obvious situation of one party wanting to oust the president. They have insisted on using overhanded, underhanded and any way they can to end this presidency. It was declared as a party based war against the republican nominee the minute it happened. Therefore, any action by the leader of the house is complicated by conspiracy within the party to throw away all the rules, - and this is why the President must stand his ground. truly if there was any possible way for a dictatorship to occur in the U.S. of A. , it would have happened under the last presidency, when he had all of these foreigners working right beside him in the White House.

    • profile image

      Howard Schneider 

      2 weeks ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

      James, Would you be making these same interpretations if President Barack Obama had undertaken similar actions against a nation for a reason you did not support. Just asking. I think not. I believe current Congressional law requires him to seek support within 60 days if hostilities continue. This law was written and accepted by both parties because Congress of all stripes have abdicated their power and especially accountability. The scary part is that we now have a President that admires dictators and war criminals and wishes to become one himself.

    • Oscarlites profile image

      Oscar Jones 

      2 weeks ago from Monroeville, Alabama

      Good work!

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Awdur ~ I am thrilled that you are my first visitor. Thank you for giving me the idea for this little article. It is surely a timely topic. I am so glad you like the finished product. And you are most welcome.

      JJRBJ

    • awdur profile image

      Awdur 

      2 weeks ago from Chicago

      Thank you! Finally, a clear, concise, explanation of the President's role as Commander in Chief. I think we should send this to a few of the Congressman who've obviously forgotten (or choose to ignore) the truth of the matter.

      M. JJRBJ

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)