ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

State of Capture Report, South Africa

Updated on December 19, 2016
State of Capture report
State of Capture report | Source

A report compiled by former Public Protector Thuli Madonsela into the alleged capturing of South Africa by a foreign business family was supposed to be released on October 15, but was interdicted by President Jacob Zuma and two ministers.

“This report relates to an investigation into complaints of alleged improper and unethical conduct by the president and other state functionaries relating to alleged improper relationships and involvement of the Gupta family in the removal and appointment of ministers and directors of State Owned Entities (SOEs) resulting in improper and possibly corrupt award of state contracts and benefits to the Gupta family’s businesses.”

— Public Protector, Thuli Madonsella, State of Capture report

Gauteng High Court, Pretoria

Palace of Justice
Palace of Justice | Source

The court hearing

President Zuma’s application to interdict the state capture report extended over two days. It prompted four opposition parties as well as a former MP to intervene in an effort to convince the court that the report should be published, as it is in the interest of the public.

On Wednesday, November 2nd, the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria was packed to capacity with the legal teams of President Zuma, Minister van Rooyen, former MP, Vytjie Mentor (who was offered a minister post by the Guptas in exchange for a contract), and the legal teams of the four intervening opposition parties. Three judges were on the bench.

While the arguments in court went back and forth the police had their hands full controlling thousands of protesters gathered in the streets of Pretoria for a massive march against state capture, corruption and Jacob Zuma in his capacity as president.

As expected. the supporters of the Economic Freedom Fighters wrought havoc, vandalizing property, looting shops, provoking the police, and even attacking Paul Kruger's statue with a petrol bomb. (BTW, I see the statue is now safely fenced, after it has been repeatedly defaced.)

By the end of the day the court had to adjourn, as the day was too short to determine the fate of the "State of Capture" report.

Members of the EFF
Members of the EFF | Source
St Albans Church packed with people who answered the Save South Africa call to demand an end to state capture
St Albans Church packed with people who answered the Save South Africa call to demand an end to state capture | Source


The morning of the second day the court was informed that President Zuma has abandoned his attempt to postpone the release of the report. His advocate, Anthea Platt, said she had been instructed not to argue the matter, nor to oppose an order on costs.

At 5PM the report of 355 pages was available to everybody and all published on the website of the Public Protector.

State of Capture

According to the ‘state capture report’, officially titled "State of Capture" , President Zuma appears to have violated the Executive Ethics Code, as well as the Prevention and Combatting of Corrupt Activities Act, as he had made no effort to investigate complaints about the Guptas and their efforts to ‘capture South Africa’. Among other, the Public Protector referred to the complaint of Minister Jonas, who was, according to his affidavit, offered the post of Minister of Finance plus R600,000 million by Ajay Gupta. As part of the offer to become a Finance Minister, Mr Jonas would be expected to remove the current Director General of National Treasury and other key members of Executive Management. Ajay Gupta clearly indicated that National Treasury was a stumbling block to the family’s business ambitions. (Ajay Gupta denies making this offer.)

The report reveals a number of irregularities and damning evidence of corruption in relation with the Gupta-family and their relationship with the president as well as their relationship with executives and board members of state-enterprises such as Eskom (SA’s only electricity provider), Transnet (SA’s railways), and SAA (SA’s airways).

“The report finds evidence of significant wrongdoing, improper influence, conflicts of interest and outright corruption – much of which is new information, and all of which points directly to President Zuma, Duduzane Zuma and the Guptas. The manner in which Jacob Zuma has conducted himself is completely dishonourable and unbecoming of the nation’s President.” - Mmusi Maimane, leader of the Democratic Alliance (DA) - the second largest opposition party in SA.

Needless to say, the report has all of South Africa in a state of shock.

The role of South Africa's Public Protector

South Africa's Public Protector was set up in terms of South Africa's Constitution to investigate complaints against government agencies and/or government officials. The Public Protector receives and investigates complaints from the public, and has the power to recommend corrective action and to issue reports. The Public Protector is independent of government and any political party, and is subject only to the Constitution and the law. No person or organ of state – not even the president - may interfere with the functioning of the Public Protector's office.

The way forward

In her report Public Protector Thuli Madonsella orders President Jacob Zuma to establish a judicial inquiry within 30 days to investigate all allegations of improper conduct and undue influence exerted by the Gupta family over him and the other key-figures she has mentioned in her report. She also orders that the commission be headed by a judge solely selected by the Chief Justice.

According to the media and discussions on television, the majority of South Africa wants President Zuma to resign. He should at least be suspended while allegations against him are being investigated, reckons the ANC, Johannesburg branch. But for reasons beyond the comprehension of the majority, the Cabinet and the National Executive Committee (NEC) - the highest organ of the ANC - refuse to dismiss their president, Jacob Zuma.

An owfma-sa
An owfma-sa

The humble opinion of an owfma-sa

To be honest, I am totally perplexed. Because I am an owfma-sa, I actually dare not air my opinions. I can but only hope and pray that the current leaders of South Africa put an end to corruption. By blocking all opportunities for people to be corrupt, some serious changes have to be done to existing policies and procedures. The tender system, for example, encourages entrepreneurship and the establishment of independent businesses, but it is also a paradise for corrupt souls. This study and analysis of the tender procedures in national government by Stanley Ngobeni could, perhaps, open some narrow minds.

The thought keeps on crossing my mind that most of SA's problems are rooted in the fact that too many people on all levels of society lack integrity, and there is nothing I can do about it.

By the way, an owfma-sa is an ordinary white female middle-aged South African.

Let's enjoy South Africa's National Anthem (verses in Zulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, English)

Capture of State Report Updates

Resignation of Eskom's CEO

One of the aftermaths of the State of Capture Report, and in particular the revealing of his cell phone records in the report - 58 calls from him to Ajay Gupta between August 2015 and March 2016 - was the resignation of Eskom’s CEO, Brian Molefe, announced on 11 November. Molefe’s premature resignation is regarded by many as a confession of guilt instigated by his fear of a negative finding by a commission of inquiry.

On Sunday, 20 November, light was shed on Eskom’s financial troubles, which may have played a role in Molefe’s decision to resign. On Friday, 25 November, Standard & Poor’s Global Ratings cut Eskom’s long-term corporate credit rating from BB+ to BB. In other words, at this stage any investments in this largest state enterprise of SA and the country’s only provider of electricity is discouraged, and the chance that this enterprise will be able to pay back its debt is rated negative.

(For the past 20 years this owfma-sa is blinded by the ridiculous high top salaries paid by Eskom and all state enterprises, therefor she can’t even see the rest of the flaws in this company’s, or for that matter any of the parastatals’ financial statements. Cut top salaries, rise bottom salaries, and at the same time try to reduce this expenditure, is her suggestion.)

Motion of no confidence in President Zuma

November 10 - Another aftermath of the State of Capture Report was the 7th unsuccessful motion of no-confidence in President Zuma - the 3rd one to be debated by the National Assembly since January 2016. On Thursday, November 10th, the ANC again used its 62% majority in parliament in favor of their president, as Jacob Zuma has explicitly warned them against voting against him.

ZumaMustFall outcries from all over the country for a long time now come from many South Africans and South African organisations, including ANC members and ANC organisations. Top leaders of the ANC have finally reached the point where they can no longer deny that Jacob Zuma is destroying their 106-year old organization. On November 26th a vote of no confidence in Jacob Zuma has been filed by Derek Hanekom, Minister of Tourism to be discussed in the NEC (National Executive Committee) by only the top leaders of the ANC on November 27th.

Former Public Protector, Thuli Madonsela, being prosecuted for leaking an audio of her interview with President Zuma

November 7th - Following the Controversial-State-of-Capture-report, and in particularly President Zuma’s interdiction of its release, former Public Protector, Thuli Madonsela, has released an audio of her meeting with the president in order to prove that he was lying when he said she didn’t give him an opportunity to respond to the allegation against him. The questions she wanted him to answer were ignored by him since April 2016 when she sent it to him. During their personal meeting he also refused to answer them. Two days after she released the audio the presidency told Madonsela to step back as she has no further role to play in the process regarding her report.

November 27 – Following President Zuma’s complaint about the leaking of the recording of his interview with former Public Protector– and in spite of the fact that a transcript of this audio was attached to the original report released on November 2nd the present Public Protector, Busisiwe Mkhwebane has laid criminal charges against Thuli Madonsela for leaking the recording.

According to Mkhwebane the release of the audio, recorded during the investigation, was in contravention of the Public Protector’s Act, which states that no contents of any document in an investigation should be disclosed, unless the Public Protector determines otherwise.

According to Madonsella she, in her capacity of Public Protector who had composed the report, has ‘determined otherwise’.

The fact that Thuli Madonsella leaked the audio to the newspapers after her term as Public Protector has ended, and therefor in her personal capacity instead of through the Public Protector's office, may count against her.

Reviewing of the State of Capture Report

25 November 2016 - President Zuma announced on November 25th that he will approach the court to have the remedial action in the Public Protector's report on state capture reviewed and set aside. Apparently the president doesn't have an issue with the contents of the report, but with the Public Protector's order that a judicial inquiry has to be established by the president within 30 days to investigate all allegations of improper conduct and undue influence exerted by the Gupta family over him and the other key-figures she has mentioned in her report. The president also has a problem with Madonsela's order that the commission be headed by a judge solely selected by the Chief Justice.

According to President Zuma and his legal team nobody has the right to tell the president what he should do, and nobody but the president has the right to select the head of a commission.

“This report has been dealt with in a very funny way…. very funny!” said President Zuma on 25 November to the Members of Parliament. “No-one can instruct the president …."

According to Professor Pierre de Vos, South Africa Constitutional Expert at the University of Cape Town, the court has to determine whether the Public Protector acted in accordance with her powers.

"Whatever happens, it is going to be fascinating to see where the Constitutional Court come out on this issue," wrote Prof de Vos.

© 2016 Martie Coetser


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • MartieCoetser profile imageAUTHOR

      Martie Coetser 

      2 years ago from South Africa

      Alicia, sadly, the EFF (3rd largest political party) wants the verses that were part of SA's previous anthem (during the Apartheid's regime) to be removed. They don't want to hear any Afrikaans, or anything that can remind them of Apartheid. They actually don't want any white people to own land in SA. So, we have no idea what the future holds. Thank you so much for your support :)

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for sharing this information, Martie. I hear so little about South Africa where I live. I want to know what's happening in the country, so I appreciate your articles. The video was very moving. It was wonderful to see how important the anthem was for the people on the field and in the crowd.

    • MartieCoetser profile imageAUTHOR

      Martie Coetser 

      2 years ago from South Africa

      Shyron, there will always be a rotten apple or two in a box. We only have to find them - and take them out - before they contaminate all the apples in the box. Thanks for reading and commenting :)

    • MartieCoetser profile imageAUTHOR

      Martie Coetser 

      2 years ago from South Africa

      Always, fortunately evil exposes itselves one time or another, and the best of all - it gives us insight and wisdom, which is more worth than the losses we may have suffered. Take care!

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      2 years ago from Texas

      Martie, this is an awesome hub and very informative. It tell me that all countries have the same kind of problems with greed. Maybe the day will come when people of integrity will be elected to high offices and will lead others to become just citizens.

      All the best to you. Keep trying to improve the world.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      2 years ago from Southern Illinois

      And the beat goes on without solving any problems. Greed in high places is the root of much evil, not just in SA but here as well. It is my opinion that the uproar is coming to a climax. People who rise up can not be hushed. People power will rule in the end. I listened to the video, of course I didn't understand a word, but her voice is beautiful. Stay safe my friend and continue informing us...

    • MartieCoetser profile imageAUTHOR

      Martie Coetser 

      2 years ago from South Africa

      @ billybuc - absolutely! Money is the root of all evil :)

      @ PegCole - I believe in a specific situation every person can be bribed. Nobody is completely immune from corruption. So, I don't judge and condemn, but simply lament the state of affairs. Fortunately, every person has to bear the consequences of their actions. May justice be served and prevail, is my only wish.

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 

      2 years ago from Northeast of Dallas, Texas

      The manner in which these events seem to parallel our current state of affairs in this country makes me realize this is a universal issue. We want to believe in the integrity and ethical nature of our leaders but with things like this happening it makes that trust most difficult. Good reporting, Martie, and you are by no means ordinary.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      2 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Money corrupts! I don't know who said it originally, but it is as relevant today as it was thousands of years ago.

      End of my rant!

    • MartieCoetser profile imageAUTHOR

      Martie Coetser 

      2 years ago from South Africa

      Dear Mar, thank you so much for your support and encouragement. I believe the lack of integrity is the reason of all evil in this world. The questions are, where does one actually get it, and, if one has it, how does one lose it? Have a peaceful Sunday!

    • marcoujor profile image

      Maria Jordan 

      2 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

      "The thought keeps on crossing my mind that most of SA's problems are rooted in the fact that too many people on all levels of society lack integrity, and there is nothing I can do about it."

      Your series of Noteworthy News continues to remind me how universal and relatable these issues are.

      Yet, you 'are' doing something in the writing of this series. As far as 'integrity' you have an 'overabundance' - one of the many reasons I love you so.

      Have a peaceful Sunday. Hugs, mar


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)