- Politics and Social Issues»
- Europe Political & Social Issues
Double standards of European Union ? Commission: "YES" , Parliament: "NO."
Politic background: 1990-2002
Yugoslavia was including next states: Serbia,Montenegro,Macedonia,Croatia,Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Slovenia. War in Yugoslavia started in 1991, when after "relatively peaceful" declaration of independence state of Croatia followed it and claiming the independence was the start point of huge civic war ever seen in modern history. Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia war in war. Nobody can understand what happened "over the night", when shootings started to happen - non-less, brother on brother.
War lasted from 1991 - 1999. From 1990 , on 7th of April NATO booming started. So another war for people of Serbia started on 1990, and lasted for 74 days. NATO was booming Serbia on all three levels: military, military and strategic, military, strategic and civil.
The big revolution on 5th of October 2000., brought to Serbia new, democratic era - with its goal of pro-European integrations - gaining the full membership of European Union.
In 2002 - assassination of great leader, the man with great vision of "Modern-European Serbia" (many say the only one till day todays) - prime minister dr.Zoran Djindjic - had a huge impact of Serbia's integration into Union, speed and efficiency of reforms, adjusting the standards and laws and decreasing of corruption in whole system. His assassination happened when he started and declared war against organized crime in Serbia and whole Western Balkan.
First time in history of UNION
First time in history of European Union, the referral of European Commission was overruled. European Commission just got a huge impact on its credibility on 9th of December. For those who don't know, for joining in to EU you have to comply certain standards and adjust native laws with those implemented in countries of Union. Western Balkan was the "main target" for spreading of the EU. Starting with Romania and Bulgaria, joined in 2007. , the integration of "Eastern Europe block" has started. But, if you closely take a look at Romania system structure, laws, human rights, and life-standard versus Serbian, you will see that there is no much difference at all. Actually, Serbia is leading in over a half of things that actually matter in real life of average citizens. For example, Serbia used about 65-70% of EU investment fonds, while Romania badly used 40%. Official average wage is almost same in Serbia and Romania. But the HUGE difference is how did Romania get in to EU, and how on Earth Serbia has still the "POTENTIAL CANDIDATE" status, while Croatia have signed joining into EU, Macedonia is candidate, Montenegro is candidate with a date for starting of negotiations, and Serbia with Albania are the only countries along with Bosnia and Herzegovina that are still "potential" candidates. I certainly can not talk about Albania and Iceland's status and process of integration to the EU, but I surely can talk about integration of the ex-Yugoslavia state members where Slovenia have joined to the EU in just a few years in 2004,just 4 years after civilian war in Yugoslavia - the greatest seen in modern human history.
Key Events :
1997: Regional Approach. The EU Council of Ministers establishes political and economic conditionality for the development of bilateral relations.
1999: The EU proposes the new Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) for five countries of Southeastern Europe, including Serbia.
2000 Oct: Fall of the Milosevic regime.
2000 Nov: Serbia to benefit from Autonomous Trade Preferences from the EU.
2001: First year of the new CARDS programme specifically designed for the SAP countries.
2001 Jun: Feira European Council states that all the SAP countries are "potential candidates" for EU membership.
2001 Jul: Start of the EU-FRY Consultative Task Force.
2002 Mar: Signature of the Belgrade Agreement on a State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
2003 Jun: At Thessaloniki Summit, the SAP is confirmed as the EU policy for the Western Balkans. The EU perspective for these countries is confirmed.
2003 Jul: EU Enhanced Permanent Dialogue with Serbia and Montenegro replaces the format of the Consultative Task Force
2004 Jun: Council decision on the European Partnership for Serbia and Montenegro, updated in January 2006.
2004 Oct: Council conclusions open up a process for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement.
2005 Oct: Negotiations for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement are launched.
2006-May-3: SAA negotiations called off due to lack of progress on cooperation with the ICTY.
2006-May-21: Montenegro declares independence.
2006-Jun-15: The Government of Serbia officially recognises Montenegro as an independent state.
2006 Jun: Following the declaration of independence of Montenegro, Serbia becomes the legal successor to the State Union.
2006 Oct: Parliament of Serbia adopts a new Constitution, which is confirmed by referendum.
2007-June-13: SAA negotiations with Serbia resumed, following a clear commitment by the country to achieve full cooperation with the ICTY.
2007-Nov-01: Serbia's SAA is initialed.
2008-Jan-01: Entry into force of the Visa Facilitation and Readmission Agreement between Serbia and the EU.
2008-Feb-17: Assembly of Kosovo declares independence.
2008-Feb-18: Council of the EU - Decision on the principles, priorities and conditions contained in the European Partnership with Serbia including Kosovo.
2008-Apr-29: Serbia's SAA and Interim Agreement (IA) are signed in Luxembourg.
2008-May-07: Commissioner Barrot hands over the Road Map on Visa Liberalisation, set up with the aim of achieving a visa-free regime for Serbian citizens wishing to travel to Schengen countries.
2008-July-21: War crime indictee Radovan Karadzic is arrested.
2008-Sep-09: SAA and IA ratified by National Assembly of Serbia.
2008-Sep-15: Netherlands freezes SAA and trade part of SAA.
2008-Oct-16: Serbian government unilaterally decided to begin with implementation of trade part of Interim Trade agreement with EU starting 1 January 2009.
2009-Jan-01: Serbia implements Interim Trade Agreement with the EU.
2009-Nov-30: European Commission decides to put Serbia on White Schengen list.
2009-Dec-07: European Commission decides to implement Interim Trade agreement with Serbia.
2009-Dec-19: Visa-free regime for Serbia is put into force.
2009-Dec-22: Serbia officially applies for membership in the European Union.
2010-Feb-01: Interim agreement entry into force.
2010-Jun-14: European Commission decides to start ratification of SAA.
2010-Jun-21: Spain ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Jul-02: Malta ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Jul-16: Bulgaria ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Aug-19: Estonia ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Sep-09: Slovakia ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Oct-25: Council of the EU forwards Serbia's application for EU membership to the European commission.
2010-Nov-16: Hungary ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Nov-24: European Commission presents Legislative questionnaire to applicant; the questionnaire contains 2,483 questions and subquestions.
2010-Nov-26: Cyprus ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2010-Dec-07: Slovenia ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-06: Italy ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-13: Austria ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-19: European Parliament ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-21: Luxembourg ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-26: Greece ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-28: Czech Republic ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Jan-31: Serbia responds to EU questionnaire.
2011-Feb-10: Germany ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Mar-01: United Kingdom ratifies Serbia's SAA.
2011-Mar-03: Denmark ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-Mar-04: Portugal ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-Apr-15: Sweden ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-May-26: War fugitive Ratko Mladić arrested in Lazarevo in Northern Serbia.
2011-May-30: Latvia ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-May-31: Former Bosnian Serb army chief Ratko Mladić is extradited to the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague.
2011-July-20: War fugitive Goran Hadžić, the last fugitive indicted by the ICTY, is arrested, signaling the final hurdle to Serbia's candidate status.
2011-July-22: Former Serbian army chief Goran Hadžić is extradited to the UN's International Criminal Tribunal.
2011-Sep-29: Ireland ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-Oct-12: European Commission has recommended that Serbia be granted an official EU candidate status
2011-Oct-21: Finland ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-Oct-27: Poland ratifies Serbia's SAA
2011-Nov-24: France ratifies Serbia's SAA
"European Demands" : Double Arsines
Serbia is the country that has the most demands form the EU. On the top of all, from none of the countries the requirement was to "give up" from the part of its territory - especially not of the cradle of its own, whole, civilization - Kosovo. Serbia is accomplishing EU demands for 11 years. For eleven years, 7.5 million people suffers from the low living standard, unemployment rate of around ~35%. There has been no great improvements, unlike those in Slovenia or Croatia, for an average human life in Serbia - FOR ELEVEN YEARS, but during all that period - EU was promising better life standard within Serbia's integration to the Union. For eleven years Union was promising, and demanding, for eleven years Serbia was complying/accomplishing the demands/requirements successfully that were coming from EU. Battle against organized crime, and stopping the "Balkan Gold Route" trough Serbia of heroin was stopped. Health care is improved - not ideal, but enough. Unemployment rate decreased, laws adopted and approved/implemented on field, cooperation with International Court for War Crimes in Hague was accomplished to the end with arresting two remaining potential war criminals Ratko Mladic and Goran Hadzic. Completing the cooperation with Hague, was until the accomplishment of THAT demand, was the "only one" in Serbia's way into EU. When Serbia did "the last step of its eleven year long route" - European Commission gave OFFICIAL REFERRAL FOR GIVING STATUS OF CANDIDATE FOR REPUBLIC OF SERBIA.
Well, folks, now, you have an country with citizens that have one of the most advanced and modern passports, biometric ones with 0 possibility of faking them, country on White Shengen Zone - free travel zone up to 30 days 3 times in 1 year, 60% of people have computer, 58% Internet users which leads to number of 3.000.000 Internet users in 6.000.000 (excluding Kosovo) population WITH NO "PayPal" system , state with second best monetary politics in 2010/11 with variations of only 2,4% - but without "candidate status". The final step, and by the words of highest representatives of EU, was the finishing the cooperation with Hague, which was finished with arresting and deploying two Internationally wanted criminals - Ratko Mladic and Goran Hadzic. Shortly after that, European Commission complied their part of the "deal" and gave us the KEY "referral" . Without it, none of the countries can not enter in to Union. The praxis is first the EU Commission give the "referral", and after that Brussels (EU Parliament) verify it and maybe declare the final step of starting the negotiations or giving the date of starting the negotiations (final).
EVERY SINGLE COUNTRY WENT TROUGH THAT PROCESS.
Once again, Europe showed their double arsines, and declined the "referral" of the European Commission, and delayed the verifying the "Candidate" status. There was no such decision of history of European Union diplomatic decisions/relations.
The excuse, now, is the newly-born tensions on the North of Kosovo, and pausing the negotiations with Pristine - which they've continued, and tensions were calmed. Reminder: tensions on Kosovo started with forcing the Serbian ethnics to accept the "Kosovo Institutions" like "Special Forces" to control the border with Serbia - which is exactly contradictory with UN Council Resolution of 1244. Then, again KFOR and EULEX were putted back on their positions of controling "the border" ( "" is because, Serbia is not recognizing the Kosovo as independent, by many means and the main argument is the signed resolution 1244, signed between Serbia with Albania and EU/UN as "third-party". In that resolution, to be specific, the Kosovo is stated as an teritory under the International Forces (KFOR) mandatory, and there shall not be any symbols of a state (flag, stamps, institutions...). Once again, something that should bring stabilization and reconciliation to the region is overruled (by-passed) and Serbia is negotiating with its "negotiation team" with Pristine under the observatory of EU representative. So, to summarize : Serbia, once again, was over-played. Big and institution with an huge impact and influence like European Commission, was underestimated and it's referral was not recognized and approved. Once again, Serbia is complied one more demand (reminder: EU representatives said that Kosovo is not an demand/requirement for EU membership nor status of candidate) cooling the tensions on North Kosovo (which is NOT under Serbia's juristiction but in UN/EU) and starting/continuing negotiations with Pristine to find some life meaning - practical solutions - and their implementation. Once again Europe has made an historical exception, and did not verify the European Commissions referral! None of the candidate states, or EU members have had that kind of torture. Now, candidature for Serbia is conditioned with negotiations with Pristine (notice: statements - "Kosovo is not an requirement" , "there shall not be further demands from Belgrade" , "completing the cooperation with Hague, Serbia has completed every demand for opening the doors of EU"), finding and implementing solutions for human rights in field of free-movement/migration, recognizing diplomas, certificates etc... On the top of all, EU asked from Serbia to withdraw its signature and part in resolution 1244 and indirectly accept the Kosovo independence.(note: UN did not recognize Kosovo as a state nor did some EU countries).
Now, do You all have the clear picture? I have been in all this text neutral with all my love to my country, as everyone of us has, been put aside. I've pictured you what has been done in "Serbia's Integration" and what Serbia did and what EU complied from it's part of "deal".
How did Romania, or Bulgaria with high corruption level (I've been a witness when we all need to give 5euros/each on border to bypass the procedure of examination of package) and with 35% of unemployment and high level of illiterate - get the shiny, tiny star on the blue background?
What do other candidates have that Serbia don't ? Many of them haven't comply the half of procedures that Serbia and Serbian people did get trough. Living on the edge of total poorness, living eleven years under the pressure of EU with its demands and requirements that have never been put into question to ANY other country - Serbia today lives in so called "Euro-Skepticism" with only about ~46% of those who want into EU, and about ~20% those who don't know now, and the rest of population - that strictly do NOT want to join into EU is significantly rising! Also, with 9th December decision - EU gave a strong wind into wings to the nationalistic and radical forces in Serbia, which they've been warned. We all know from events from 1991-2000 what are they capable of.
So the question remains - why does the EU applies double arsines to Serbia? Why are one demands applied to Croatia, and other on Serbia ? Why does the Croatia becoming the member of EU in 2013. , and Serbia isn't even the candidate? DOUBLE STANDARDS - IT'S UP ON YOU TO DECIDE BELOW ON POLL.