ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel


Updated on March 30, 2012


Oxford dictionary defines corruption as: “Dishonest or illegal behaviour”. What the law of the land permits is “legal”. Anything against the law is “illegal’. Honesty or dishonesty in a behaviour can be determined with reasonable degree of accuracy. Provisions are, however, sometimes made in the law that impart legal sanctity to some obviously dishonest practices. The case in point is elections and electioneering in our country. Elections are periodically held to elect the people’s representatives to various legislative bodies: Parliament, State Legislative Assemblies etc. They are sine qua non for democratic institutions to function in true spirit of democracy. In these elections a candidate who polls more votes than his rivals gets elected to represent the people of the constituency; even a single vote more or less polled against one’s nearest rival makes all the difference between the victor and the loser. The percentage of the votes cast in his favour is also immaterial. It is not uncommon that at times candidate polling less than 30% of the total votes polled and cast is elected and it does not matter that more than 70% of the voters do not want him to be imposed on them as their representative. This aberration is so widespread that most of the so-called representatives of the people adorning these august bodies represent less than 30% of the voters, the rest 70% having no faith in them. The aberration can very easily be corrected by requiring the first two candidates topping the list to contest the election again in case the candidate who has polled more votes has not also polled more than 50% votes in the first round itself. The decisive factor must be polling more than 50% of the total votes cast in a constituency. What with Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) in vogue, the exercise won’t cost much- the minuscule increase in cost is worth incurring in order to ensure that the elected representatives are not the pseudo representatives of people as they are now under the present dispensation.

Further, our Electoral system is so defective that it would require many more reforms to make it egalitarian, near perfect and almost fool-proof, such as 1.'None found suitable' provision in the EVMs, (Popularly known as "Right to Reject) 2.Provision for recall of non-performing or corrupt MP, MLA, (Popularly known as "Right to Recall non-performing or corrupt legislators) 3. Taxing criteria for the selection of the correct candidates such as a mandatory minimum experience of military, para-military or social service etc. etc., (Popularly known as "Right to Informed Selection). This would enable electorate to chose their representative out of a few most deserving candidates for the exalted positions.

In the ultimate analysis, it is the quality of the candidates fielded that would reflect upon the quality of the people's chosen representatives. This in turn would determine the quality of the democracy we practice. And the corruption-free democracy is sure to accelerate our growth and progress many times over.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)