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Prime Minister Of India - Election Process,Eligibility,Duration And Salary
Prime Ministers Of India
The Prime Minister Of India
According to 74(1) ," There shall be a council of ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President".It means Indian Prime Minister is both the leader of cabinet and real head of the administration.There is parliamentary administration in India like Great Britain.The Government is followed by cabinet system and finally becomes Prime Ministerial Government.The most important person in Parliamentary system is the Prime Minister.
Former Prime Minister Of India
Criteria,Appointment Of Indian Prime Minister
According to 75 ,"The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister." There has no specific rules regarding the appointment of the Prime minister.But the President of India calls the leader to be the Prime minister of India from the party which has obtained majority in the Loksabha(Lower House) election.In reality the President of india has no power to choose Prime Minister at his own.
The president of India can appoint the Prime Minister at first and then order him to prove majority in Loksabha. Charan Sing in 1979 ,VP Sing in 1989,Chandra Sekhar in1990, Narasimha Rao in 1991,Atal Bihari Bajpeyi in 1996,H D Devegouda in 1996,I K Gujral
in 1997 and Atal Bihari Bajpeyi again in 1998 were appointed in this way.
A Prime Minister must have all the eligibilities to be elected as an MP(Member of Parliament).
1.He must be an indian citizen.2.He must be of 25years of age.3.All criteria ascertained
by Indian Constitution.1.He must not be declared bankrupt or mentally ill.2.He must not be
seated at any profitable post of Central Government or State Government.3.He must not be
obedient to any foreign country.4.He must not be members from both the houses ie Loksabha
and Rajyasabha or Loksabha and State Assembly.One can contest at any place in India.It ascertains the national integration. He will deposit an amount of INR 10000 (INR 5000 in case of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe)
But if he is selected from Rajyasabha he should have possessed one other eligibility except the Criteria expressed above.
1.He must be an elector of the state where he is elected from a member of Rajyasabha.
2.The age in this case is different from that of Loksabha.For the
membership of Rajyasabha one should be of 30 years of age.
Mrs Indira Gandhi in 1966 and H D Debegoura in 1996 were Prime Ministers from Rajyasabha.When Indira was selected Prime Minister from Rajyasabha in 1966,Sri Hari Bisnu Kamath raised a constitutional Amendment Bill against the appointment of Indira gandhi.In this Bill,Kamath wanted Prime Ministers and Chief Ministers to be elected from popular house ie Loksabha for Prime Minister and Bidhan Sabha for Chief Minister.But the party in power opposed against this Bill.So this Bill was cancelled.Mrs Gandhi was came in power as the prime minister after being elected from Loksabha in March 1967.
You should answer
Do you think the remuneration received by the Prime Minister of India is less than what post he holds?
Factors Influencing the Nominations of Prime Minister:
The most important factor for selection of the Prime Minister is party which has gained majority.In this process,the presidents of winning parties,parties' Chief Ministers,some political figures who are not involved in partiesin special cases.
1.Kamraj Nadar,the Congress president,Chief Ministers of the states,Congress Working
Committee took decisive role to appoint Lal Bahadur Shastri as Prime Minister.
Parliamentary Team approved the decision.When indira was made Prime Minister for first
time,Congress President Nadar favored the execution of this decision.
2.The States' Chief Ministers helped her be the Prime Minister for second time.
3.The advice of Jay Prakash Narayan was executed to make Morarji Desai the non-Congress Prime Minister of India.Besides Nehru,Sardar Ballav Bhai Patel was another most significant and important candidate for being the Prime Minister of india for the first Prime Minister of independent India.Nehru obtained the dignity for the favour of Mahatma Gandhi.
Election Process And Oath Of An Indian Prime Minister
The election procedure of the Prime Minister of India is simple.India has a parliamentary democracy.It has a bicameral central legislature with two parliamentary houses i.e. Loksabha (Assembly of the People) and Rajyasabha(Assembly of the States).The election of Loksabha is held every five years in general but before if the government falls down and after if the emergency prevails.The president of India calls the leader or the president of the party which has gained the majority meaning the party with the largest number of members in the Loksabha ,in the election.Then the leader must prove that his/her party has the support of the maximum.It has support above 50 percent of total M.P.s .There are 542 total Loksabha seats ,so the number to attain the power is 272 . If one party is unable to show the majority ,it may form coalition or alliance government with some other parties.But what it must do ,is to prove that it has majority with it.And if one party halters after the formation of the government,th ePresident of India will summon the other big party to prove its majority and form the government.
Now the majority party will select an M.P. as the Prime Minister from their party.In this case,the party presidents and secretaries play major role .Besides the opinion of the respective Chief Ministers from that party is considered vital.Some influential leaders are also significant in this regard.Thus a Prime Minister is selected.But if a Prime Minister is to be selected from the alliance,it becomes difficult for all presidents of several parties try to make some noice as one’s own party’s importance and to set up one candiadate from his/her party.But the bigger party takes the final decision.The winning party forwards a name of a candidate for the post of Prime Minister to the president.Finally he appoints the candidate as the P.M. of India. The a council of ministers is appopinted to assist him/her in his/her noble work.
As per the third schedule of the constitution of India ,the Prime Minister of India has to take the oath of office and the oath of secrecrecy in front of the President of India.
Oath of office:
I, name , do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.
— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I
Oath of secrecy:
I, name , do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as prime minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.
— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II
Present PM Taking Oath In Front Of Indian President
Duration,Salary And Residence Of Indian PM
Prime Minister works for 5 years generally but in emergency if the duration of
Loksabha is extended\,the duration of Prime Minister is also increased.President can break
the Loksabha,then the time collaspes before the definite time span.So it means the Prime
Minister and Loksabha co exists for same time.
Parliament has been given the responsibility to decide the salary of the Prime Minister.It is recorded that the Prime Minister will receive payment which is said in Second Schedule before the execution of Parliamentary decision.The Salaries and Allowances of Ministers Act 1952 and The Ministers(Allowances,Medical Treatment and other Privileges) Rules 1957 are two laws for elaboration of PM's salary.The salaries,allowances of Prime Minister,Ministers and MPs are the same.But they get the allowances acconding to their post.They stayed in rentless house,free treatment and enjoy retirement allowance.
Rajib Gandhi ,the Prime Minister of India first inhabited 7,Race Course Road which was finally made the permanent residence of Prime Ministers of India by V.P. Sing.There are five Bangalows 1,3,5,7,9. Race Course Road 1 is a helipad. 7,Race Course Road was the residential place for the former Prime Ministers of India.Now Narendra Modi,the present Prime Minister of India has chosen 5 Race Cource Road as his personal residence and 7,Race Course Road as his office.. Bangalow 9 is for Special Protection Group.Even Barack Obama do not miss the chance to have a visit to 7,Race Cource Road in India .
Barack Obama At 7,Race Cource Road
Pay And Allowances Of Indian Prime Minister