- Politics and Social Issues
Wars: Causes, Aftermath & Prevention
What is the primary threat to existence of human species on this planet? Many of us will say that it might be a biological virus, a natural disaster on biblical scale or intelligent and aggressive extraterrestrial life. But if we reflect upon the events that transpired in the recent history in retrospect, or consider the things that are happening right now on this planet; we might be inclined to change our opinion.
Wars are the single greatest and foremost threat to the existence and survival of human race on this planet. Wars were always considered to be extremely bloody, violent and destructive in nature. But with the advancements in weapons technology that started in 20th century and remarkably escalated in last few decades; the bloodshed, violence and destruction of wars has reached a whole new level. Wars have become much more than the former typical characteristic traits that were attributed to traditional armed conflicts. The bloodshed has given way to atrocious and barbaric man-slaughter, the violence has transformed itself into all out ferocious brutality and the destruction has turned itself in to total and utter annihilation. As a direct effect of all this, 80 million people lost their lives in World War II and it is no surprise that it turned out to be the deadliest armed conflict in the history of mankind.
Long standing bitter history between two countries, unresolved territorial disputes or conflicting tactical or geo-political interests are a perfect recipe for the disaster and any of these factors can lead a country towards armed conflict. But mostly its combination of sense of being powerful, greed and outright grotesque abuse of power, which drives a country towards war. Greed is considered to be one of the most important contributing factors in war. A lethal combination of sense of being powerful and greed to capture what lies beyond her borders can easily seduce a country to start a war.
Diplomatic efforts and dialogues are the only way to resolve conflicts and disagreements between countries. Frankly speaking, all parties involved in a war know that. All fighting parties know that eventually they have to sit across a table and solve their problems with dialogue. But still they fight long and hard in wars. Still they bomb cities of each other. Still they fire bullets across the border. Why?
The whole purpose of war is to make the other party so weak that they do not have any sort of strength on the negotiating table at the end of the war and subsequently the winning party might get whatever it wants. It’s all about inflicting enough damage on other nation so that it comes down to its knees. So, it can be reasonably concluded that wars are a hideous fight to suck all life from the opposing nation.
Many countries choose to go to war because wars are the fastest way around a particular problem that they are facing. If a powerful country wants something from a much weaker opponent and that weaker opponent is not ready to surrender that particular ‘something’. The right thing to do will be to pursue diplomatic efforts to find the best solution for every stakeholder. But, generally, diplomatic efforts are a slow process. So, powerful nations choose a much faster option, which is ‘all out war’.
Wars might leave few survivors but wars never leave any winners. Every fighting party of a war tries to inflict maximum amount of damage on the opponent. Therefore, all fighting parties suffer enormously during wars. Wars kill a lot of people and break others who have witnesses all that insanity in front of them. Wars obliterate everything that comes into their path. All parties fighting a war experience horrendous, shocking, irreversible and irreparable damages that can never be repaired.
Arms race between world super powers must be abolished once and for all. In the beginning of the twentieth century, the advancement in the weapons industry triggered a race in global super powers to create powerful and deadly weapons. In this ongoing quest to attain ultimate power, we got our hands on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. But somehow these horrifying weapons of mass destruction are still not enough to slow down the arms race; current world power are still putting ridiculously large sums of money to import and create weapons, hoping that it will provide them an edge over their opponent. But this ends up starting a never ending vicious cycle of arms race as all global super powers continue to seek latest weapon technology and they are ready to spend literally any sum of money to achieve their goal. It is dazzling that in a world in which poverty is raging and hunger is killing millions of human beings; insanely large sums of money are still being directing their resources in creating deadlier weapons than what we already have. So, arms race is a never ending tug of war between super powers and a never ending vicious cycle in which everyone attempts to obtain superiority over their opponent
All global super powers must work closely together to devise and establish a long term effective plan to prevent all armed conflicts in future. We should acknowledge that wars are primeval, primitive and insane in nature. It was acceptable and understandable when medieval empires waged war against each other to resolve their problems; but now in 21st century we have to do better than that. All global super powers must learn to communicate and address their concerns to each other in a constructive manner. International community and global super powers must direct all of their resources towards finding solutions to existing problems of this planet instead of creating the new ones.
We have to find out ways to find solutions to our problems other than wars. Nationalism should not be allowed to reach a point that we forget human spirit. In a world where thousands die every day from hunger, we have to stop the arms race and direct our resources towards ending poverty and hunger. Our efforts and resources must be directed towards finding ways and means which enable this planet to sustain life rather than producing weapons which decimate and wipe us out from the surface of this planet.
Human race has reached a point in its history were it has to learn from its troubled past. Over 100 million people lost their lives in World War I and II and over two hundred thousand people were incinerated instantaneously in Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. We have to acknowledge the fact that there is a tremendous human cost for wars and with the advancement in weapons technology and the advent of nuclear weapons, if we go down that path again than may be it will be a war to end all wars, in fact, it will be a war that will smash us to oblivion. Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki gave us a horrifying glimpse of this scenario.
© 2018 Fawad ul Hassan