Extremism and radicalism
Socially and economically destructive acts of radicalism and extremism have prevailed in the world for centuries, taking lives of many innocent people from various communities. In most cases, these actions were inspired by religious fundamentalism and radical nationalism. Not all events gain international attention, most daily victims of violent extremism remain unnoticed in countries of Africa, central Europe and Asia. Extremism highlights the supremacy of a particular group over another (based on religion, sex, citizenship, caste or race). Likewise, radicalism is a belief that the society should be changed and that these changes are possible only by revolutionary and violent means.
Killing of more than 50 people at a mosque in Christchurch, New Zealand in March, 2019 has created an eternal fear in thehearts of citizens. A few months later, mass shootings took place in El Paso, Texas and Dayton, Ohio claiming 22 and 10 lives respectively. The two fatal attacks occurred within 24 hours paralyzing the residents with horror and panic. Another invasion was seen in Oslo, Norway on 11th August 2019; the accused allegedly expressed admiration for the above-mentioned massacres.
There is a compelling need for global leaders to form a united front against these social evils, making sure that the enemies of humanity and peace end up behind bars or on death-row. Governing bodies should use the method of comparative analysis to identify the underlying causes of violent extremism and take immediate actions countering the same.
While responses at regional and country level are urgently needed, it is equally important to form a global strategic framework.