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Features of Federal Government

Updated on January 31, 2010

Features of Federal Government

 Fedralism has the following characteristics of its own ans these characteristics distinguish it form Unitarianism.
a) In a federal state there are two sets of governments, one is called federal or central government, the other is provincial or Unit governments.The union of these two sets of governments makes what is called federation.Each governments is independent of the other in its own jurisdiction.The central and unit governments are constitutionaly equal in status and position:non s superior to other.
b) In a federation governmental powers are essentially distributed by the constitution between the Central government on the one hand and the unit government on the other.The details of division vary in different federations.But the principle folllowed in the division is that all matters which are primarily of common interest and require uniformity of regulation throughout the country such as foreign affairs,defence,currency and coinage are placed under the central government, and the resr is left to the Unit governments.
c) Federal system essentially implies the supremacy of constitution.A federal state derives its existence from the constitution;powers of both central and unit governments are delegated by the constitution.Wvery power whether of central or Unit governments is subordinate to, and controlled by, the constitution.For instance, in the united states neither the president nor the Congress nor the governer of New yorknor its legislature can legally exercise a single power which is inconsistent with the articles of the constitution.Every legislature existing under a federal constitution is merely a subordinate law-making body, whose laws are valid while within authority conferred on it by the constitution, invalid if they go beyond the limits of such authority.
d) To maintain in practice the supremacy of the constitution every federal state must have a supreme courrt.It interprets the constitution, decides disputes between center and province or provinces, or between different organs of government.It puts them in check, keeps them within their constitutional limits.
e) The federal constitution being a complicated contract and the supreme law of the land is essentially a written and rigid one.
f)In a federal state there exists some sort of double citizenship and allegiance.This means that a citizen has to show alllegiance both to the provincial and federal governments,
g)The central legislature under federal system is generally found bicameral on tha age old ground that the lower house enshrines the national idea and represents the nation as a whole and the upper house is enshrine federal idea and to represent the units as such.

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    • profile image

      hilda 

      3 months ago

      helpful answers

    • profile image

      Sylvanus Ikechukwu 

      15 months ago

      Great and helpful. But next time, include the references.

    • profile image

      tariro 

      3 years ago

      helpful

    • profile image

      slosh umr shabu 

      3 years ago

      I like federal features of govt bcos it gives every fundametal freedom of the nation

    • profile image

      Adesanya Isaac 

      3 years ago

      the features are good but has no reference

    • profile image

      Sawyer 

      4 years ago

      thanks answer very help-ful..

    • profile image

      asmara 

      4 years ago

      I really like answer

    • profile image

      sonia 

      4 years ago

      Thanks .It's r very helpful.

    • profile image

      Neymar Jr. 

      4 years ago

      Cool

    • profile image

      ghrh 

      4 years ago

      tthre tgt

    • profile image

      mon 

      4 years ago

      nice

    • profile image

      choogures 

      4 years ago

      niceee!!

    • profile image

      aalaya gupta 

      5 years ago

      What rubbish many spelling mistakes r i this dustbin

    • profile image

      MUSA LELE 

      5 years ago

      THANKS

    • profile image

      Micah 

      6 years ago

      Federal govt also highlight d right of d citizens so dat nobody cn temper with such right

    • profile image

      Micah 

      6 years ago

      Federal govt also highlight d right of d citizens so dat nobody cn temper with such right

    • profile image

      Temitope 

      6 years ago

      I like ds features, cos it is very easy to understand.

    • profile image

      Manduby 

      6 years ago

      I found it nice

    • profile image

      Tonderai 

      6 years ago

      very educative thanks

    • profile image

      Edywise 

      6 years ago

      Its a nice job. Keep it up.

    • profile image

      yusluv ola 

      6 years ago

      fedralism system is a perfect if all d federalism state follow ALL dis feature as he has stated.

    • profile image

      angela 

      6 years ago

      the fact is told no confusionn it can even be understood by a kid.

    • profile image

      obiem mike 

      6 years ago

      i like the features,the features are a straight guide to governance in practices

    • profile image

      RELY 

      6 years ago

      Features of government is well analyze

    • profile image

      Shahnawaz from kashmir 

      6 years ago

      These r well futured features of fedralism

    • profile image

      Bolu 

      7 years ago

      I like d features of federal government becos it is straight forward and easy understand.

    • profile image

      shiki 

      8 years ago

      i comment ;)

    • profile image

      kimmy  

      8 years ago

      i am here

      you may applause me

      lol

    • profile image

      vini sawa 

      8 years ago

      wats up lily gupta

    • profile image

      lily gupta 

      8 years ago

      wah u commenting 4

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