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Federalist No. 68 - The Electoral College
There are many people providing their opinion on value and validity of the electoral college these days considering it's usefulness to our modern structure and whether we've grown out of it. I would say that if nothing else, President-Elect Donald Trump proves we've anything but grown out of this failsafe. While our distribution and cap on representatives in the House of Representatives may need to be reconsidered and revised to ensure fair coverage, this in no way degrades the value of the electoral college. The electoral college is showing it's value even if it never becomes more than a discussion on how to deal with our current president-elect. If we'd grown out of it, there would be no discussion on if Trump rises to the threat level to actually use it.
Why the electoral college?
To get an idea of the reasoning behind the electoral college it's probably best to go back and read a piece, Federalist No. 68, written (probably) by Hamilton in the Federalist Papers on what the electoral college is supposed to do -- another measure in the many checks & balances to protect us from not only those with ill intent, but also from ourselves and our sometimes heated populist tendencies. Just because this has never been a tool necessary to use (as Hamilton also predicts the multi-state process should make it a very rare necessity) does not make it "ceremonial" it's existence today.
People want to eliminate the electoral college, but if Trump had won the popular vote that would be the simple end of this process. There would be no "voice of reason" to measure that final step.
The Bedrock of our National Security
Our government is build on checks & balances, popular opinion checked by a more reasoning measure... the House & the Senate are yet another example of the people making their wants know, then being put through what is supposed to be balanced by a more sedate, thoughtful process in the Senate, to move onto the check of the executive branch.
The U.S. government was built to meet and defuse virtually every threat to it's success possible. Even despite our Constitution's greatest flaws, its primary goal to keep our democratically derived Republic afloat is built on brilliant strategic thinking to outmaneuver the worst human ideas. It was built to avoid fast, drastic, autocratic changes by government entities or overly harmful populist demands from the people. It was intended to gradually strain out the worst ideas to leave us with the best.
The Electoral College is just another one of those checks and balances to keep our nation on track in it's now traditional measured pace.
To better understand the reasoning behind the electoral college and it's purpose, the Hamilton Electors have put together an excellent video you can watch below. Please share and help our citizens and our electors understand that this is a serious constitutional tool and we have reached a serious point in time where it's use must at the very least be considered by our electors.