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Federalist Papers 10 & 51

Updated on November 26, 2010

The Federalist Papers that helped to ratify the Constitution


The Federalist papers are essays that were written to try to gain support for the ratification of the Constitution. In federalist ten Madison talks about factions and how factions (a number of people who are united by some type of passion or interest that is adverse to the community as a whole) are dangerous to the government. He says that to control factions a large diverse Republic will have to be made. A democracy will not work because if the majority of people are in a faction, the majority will always win. But under a Republic, the nation will be so large that there will be all different types of factions and therefore no one faction would be able to command authority. Madison also says that by putting delegates in authority over the people, the delegates would be able to filter out ideas that are not good for the people as a whole and are only good for the interest of them. I think a Republic democratic government is the best way to go. Not only can we have better chances of controlling factions, but the system of governing by the people will still be in effect.

In Federalist Fifty-One it talks about four aspects, layered representation, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism. Layered Representation is people you elect directly or indirectly being represented by different people. Separation of powers is the three branches that make, interpret, and enforce the laws. They are the judicial, executive, and the legislative branches. Checks and balancing is the ability of each branch to check the power of one another to make sure that the power is balanced between the three branches. The last point is Federalism, which is the co-existing of two governments; the sate and the federal government. Both governments have sovereign authority over different policies and functions.

I agree with these four aspects because they each work to balance out the power of the government and the people. The checks and balances let the people know that no one branch is gaining too much power or control. I believe that they work so well today because the three branches of the government still work with one another to balance powers and make rules. For federalism, we as citizens have rights under both the state government and the national government. I believe that, that is important because everyone lives in different places and states should have rules that are diverse from other states. The Federalist Papers Ten and Fifty-One were the ideal papers written for the advocating of the ratification of the Constitution.


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