Flood Causing Health Issues In Harvey's
Types of floods:
Floods are the most common natural disaster causing loss of life and economic damage in all over the world, which experiences three types of floods: flash and storm surges. Flash floods result from two main groups of meteorological events. In large- and medium-sized river basins in north and central areas, flooding usually results either from wide-ranging and continuous precipitation or from snow melt in connection with high soil saturation. The frequency of great floods increased during the twentieth century, highlighting the need for measures to prevent their negative health impacts.
Effect on health:
Floods are the most common risk to cause disasters and have led to extensive dead throughout the world. The impact of floods on the human community is related directly to the location and topography of the area, as well as human demographics and characteristics of the built environment.
The aim to identify the health impacts of disasters and the highlighting causes of health impacts related with floods. A conceptual framework is developed that may assist with the development of a rational and comprehensive approach to prevention and management after flood.
This study involved an extensive review that located, which were analyzed to identify common themes, findings, and expert views. The findings then were exacted into common themes.
The health impacts of floods are wide ranging, and depend on a number of factors. However, the health impacts of a particular flood are specific to the particular context. The immediate health impacts of floods include drowning, injuries, hypothermia, and animal bites. Health risks also are associated with the discharging of patients, loss of health workers, and loss of health infrastructure including essential drugs and supplies. In the medium-term, infected wounds, complications of injury, poisoning, poor mental health, communicable diseases, and starvation are indirect effects of flooding. In the long-term, chronic disease, disability, poor mental health, and poverty-related diseases including malnutrition are the potential legacy.
This article proposes a structured approach to the classification of the health impacts of floods and a conceptual framework that demonstrates the relationships between floods and the direct and indirect health consequences.
Planning to solve this problem
Key aspects of this planning include:
- long term land-use planning, including building health facilities in different areas (for example, avoiding flood plains).
- structural protection and flood-proofing of health care facilities.
- establishment of early warning systems and evacuation plans.
- identification high-risk populations and crowded population.
- information and communication strategies, particularly to reach the people most at risk (such as those with chronic diseases, who require continuous treatment).
- measures to ensure water quality, sanitation and hygiene, and food safety during and after a flood.
- identification of health precautions during clean-up operations and protective measures against communicable diseases and chemical hazards.
- measurement and tracking of mental health and well-being.
- powerful surveillance during and after floods.
Different Effects of Flood on Health:
Health effects observed during and after floods include injuries, infections, poisoning and greater mental-health problems.Flood is a natural disaster that cause different harmful diseases.
Do you think that this flood issue can be resolve?
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- West Virginia Flooding 2016: "West Virginia Strong" and the Aftermath
On June 23, 2016 devastating flooding hit 44 counties in West Virginia. The flooding is responsible for the loss of 26 lives and the destruction of more than 8,900 homes and counting.
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