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Floods in India

Updated on May 21, 2012

There had been many floods in India so far which had taken the lives and properties of many peoples. The floods have killed many animals. The rural parts of India are mostly affected by floods. The main causes for floods in India are mainly because of the rainfall in a vast area during the monsoon periods. The monsoon period in India is from June to September. Heavy rain is expected during this period, though it does not rain continuously throughout those months.

Farming is an industry that can be devastated by flood damage. Floods cause severe damage to standing crops and the food grain stored at granary. Flooding can kill livestock. It also does severe damage to the railroad tracks and roads in the area. The necessary interruption of traffic for few days during the flood can hurt the local economy along with the normal life of people in the country. Railways, road transport, and even airlines sometimes have to cope with heavy losses in revenue due to the heavy rain and resulting floods.

Water supplies are badly affected by floods. The flood may damage the sewage plants causing the sewage water to contaminate the drinking water. This can cause outbreaks of deadly diseases like cholera. Other serious epidemics can be caused by flooding such as malaria. Plains in the northern part of India are the areas that are subjected to serious losses due to the floods. It has been estimated that more than 90 percent of damage by floods to property and crops are in the plains of northern part of India.

Regions of India that flood regularly:

  • Lower Narmada valleys
  • Delta regions of Godavari River
  • Delta regions of Krishna River
  • Delta regions of Mahanadi River

In plains of some states such as Haryana and Punjab, rivers often overflow the banks and it destroys the regions near it. Punjab and Haryana are two of the areas that sustain the most damage from floods in India. They account more than 15 percentages of total losses in the entire country. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are next to those states as vast areas belonging to those states are inundated where the river Ganga meets its tributaries. Cultivated land in those states suffer heavy damage because of the floods caused by the Ganga river.

Fertile lands are spoiled and turned to waste lands due to the deposits of river sand in the fertile lands because of Indian floods. Valleys in the state of Assam are highly fertile in nature. They are the ones that are heavily affected and are converted into waste lands by floods.

Heavy rains and the lack of a proper drainage system lead to heavy floods in the state of West Bengal (mostly the southern parts of the state). Floods are pretty regular in the coastal areas of the state of Orissa. Delta regions of the Krishna and Godavari Rivers have suffered heavy losses because of floods. Plateau regions in the peninsular regions of India receive much less damage from floods.

Agriculture is the one industry which suffers a great deal because of the floods in India, as most of the floodwater remains without draining for days in the fertile land which decreases their ability to support crops. Severe food shortages can be caused when the crops are destroyed along with the degradation of the farmland.

Along with the losses to properties, floods also takes the lives of many people. India is the country with the highest mortality rates related to floods. Many deaths are caused by flash flooding which can give people very little warning before becoming life threatening.


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