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Freedom of Expression in Brazil
Freedom of Expression in Brazil
Brazil has witnessed the establishment of a constitutional post-democratization of unquestionable guarantee of freedom of speech and press, which additionally laid the groundwork for the installation of a media system in line with international regimes more advanced in this area.
However, it has a constitutional legislation - one that actually frame the rules of the game - which dates from 1962 and therefore does not respond to political and social challenges posed by the 1988 Federal Constitution and the new Brazilian social reality and neither , attends the unquestioned technological revolution that has occurred and passes the industry.
The gap in the regulatory framework results in a number of negative consequences for the effective guarantee of freedom of speech and press. Among them, the most important is the fact that since the promulgation of the 1988 Constitution, the Brazilian government has yet to establish effective democratic institutions to regulate the media, as an independent regulatory body.
This scenario of guarantees of freedoms, coupled with significant and persistent shortcomings, ultimately fostering the emergence and consolidation in the country of an important social movement, political and academic, concerned with a wide range of topics related to media.
Such organizations develop actions of media monitoring, qualification essays, inspection and discussion of public policy communications and advocacy with the goal of producing changes in the area.
UNESCO in Brazil is working in partnership with the Ministry of Communications, the National Conference of Communications, the Intervozes, the University of Brasília, and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in identifying players who can collaborate in disseminating the indicators and identify media forums for discussion on the topic or even create these spaces.
Furthermore, UNESCO will provide in Brazil in Portuguese publication "Media development indicators: a Framework for Assessing Media development".
Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1988:
Article 1: The Federal Republic of Brazil, formed by the indissoluble union of the States and Municipalities and the Federal District, is in a Democratic State and is founded on:
V - Political pluralism.
Article 5: All are equal before the law, without distinction whatsoever, guaranteeing Brazilians and foreigners residing in the country the inviolable right to life, liberty, equality, security and property, as follows:
IV - It is the free expression of thought, being forbidden anonymity;
VIII - Nobody will be deprived of rights on the grounds of religious belief or philosophical or political conviction, unless he invokes to evade the legal obligation imposed upon everyone and refusing to perform an alternative obligation established by law;
IX - It is the free expression of intellectual, artistic, scientific and communication, independently of censorship or license.
Article 220: of the manifestation of thought, creation, expression and information, in any form, process or vehicle is not subject to any restriction, subject to the provisions of this Constitution.
§ 2 - It is forbidden any censorship of political, ideological and artistic.
Freedom of Speech in the World:
The violence is increasingly spreading across the globe; reporters are murdered when trying to inform and educate the communities.
Religious persecution and oppression is another delicate topic that is becoming increasingly difficult to be expressed publicly.
With so much oppression and violence happening in all corners of the world, where all these are going to stop? What can we do to change this situation and make the world a better place where everyone can live together in peace and above all, respecting the rights of freedom of expression and the right to equality?
How is freedom of speech in your country? Do you know the laws that govern your freedom? To what extent can you express your thoughts or opinion without suffering any kind of repression of your governmental leaders?
Is freedom of expression important to you? If so, please share your opinion, your comments and your thoughts here, they will be very welcome.