French Intervention in Mali:The Hidden Truths Revealed
Mali is a country in the West Africa.It is a landlocked country about twice the size of France.It has borders with Algeria from the north, Niger from the east, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast from the south, Guinea from the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania from the west.With 65 percent of its land area are desert or semidesert.Although potentially rich in natural resources such as gold and uranium,oil,gas, iron, copper, manganese, and versatile minerals such as phosphates,it is still underdeveloped with poor infrastructure and heavily overwhelmed by foreign loans.The question is why can't they become developed and rich like before ,after they expelled out the France in 1960 from their territory ?are they doomed to live in poverty and with political instability?Should it be better for them to be dependent on the West in everything,not only economically if they want to revive the glorious days of the ancient empires??
According to recent survey,Mali is suffering from a ‘perfect storm’ of high food insecurity,iliteracy,drought,dissertification,high youth unemployment.AIDS.ethnic tensions.Taking these discouraging facts into considerations, It would have been better if they found an other solution instead of military intervention. Ban Ki-Moon,Secretary-General of the United Nations,was aware of that and that is why he stressed strongly on the preferability of dialogue to resolve the Mali issues despite the "dangerous"humanitarian situation a couple months ago before the France invasion."I am profoundly aware that if a military intervention in the north is not well conceived and executed, it could worsen an already fragile humanitarian situation and also result in severe human rights abuses,...A military operation may be required as a last resort to deal with the most hardline extremist and criminal elements in the north. But, before that stage is reached, the focus must be on initiating a broad-based and inclusive political dialogue aimed at forging national consensus around a roadmap for transition" 1.His statement ,as some observers noticed,is cautious,reflecting the unhappy past experiences in Somalia,when the African union as well as US failed to impose order. Some didn't agree with UN policy in dealing with the crisis in Mali,because they claim that humanitarian situation was urgent and thousands of people's lives were at stake.They reported some stories about people whose hands are chopped off and some females whose g.. are mutilated to affect the public opinion and to legitimate any future intervention in the Mali.
The President of France,François Hollande didn't wait long till he got access from the UN to declare war on the Anti-colonial freedom fighters under the pretext of terrorism,protecting its citizens and saving Malians from the severe and systematic abuses commited by the the hands of “Islamists” allegedly “linked to Al Qaeda”.
But closer examination of background events shows that France was worried about its sphere of influence in West Africa,especially when the USA signed recently a series of strategic deals with Mali,including agreements to train Malian forces in USA as well as with Algeria, including bilateral economic relations.Hilary Clinton, Secretary of State,said after her meeting with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika last year:
"We reviewed our strong bilateral relationship, including the fact we had an excellent Strategic Dialogue on a number of issues just last week in Washington..we have agreed to continue with in-depth expert discussions, to work together bilaterally and with the region – along with the United Nations, and the African Union, and ECOWAS – to determine the most effective approaches that we should be taking."2
The recent USA actions in the Francophone region has increased the anxiety of France about its interests and influence,so the French government has expressed its inconvenience under the cover of the threat of what they called"al Qaeda-backed rebels " in the North in order to reverse the gains- vast swaths of northern Mali- the Ansar Deen and then regain control from the army(hidden hand of USA) who usurped the civilian goverment.This invasion makes USA just playing the role of catch-up; providing the transport planes, satellite intelligence.In fact,this limited role breeds a sense of disappointment among the Americans that a decade of investment in covert operations in Mali was just a waste of time.France,intelligently, understands so well the USA plan and then hurriedly acted to safeguard their own extensive economic interests in the region and to stop it shifting to the American influence sphere.
Many observers of Mali issues don't know that "France is in an adverse economic situation and due to its numerous rivals, it has proved inefficient in the international arena; therefore, it intends to prove its dominance over the western Africa by attacking the region and heat the security issues in the country"3 as Jafar Qannadbashi,an expert on Africa affairs.says.
Besides,when the USA helped the General Amadou Sanogo-who was chosen from among elite officers by the U.S. Embassy to receive military training to combat terrorism in the United States- to launch a military coup against the civilian government of Amadou Toumani Touré a month before general elections was enough to provoke France to react quickly before the country swept under its feet.Finally,there is an other reason which,I think, could provoke also France is the fact that Germany’s central bank,Deutsche Bundesbank,recently has managed to repatriate 374 tons of gold it had stored in Paris,out of reach of the Soviet empire during Cold War by 2020.So from where could France substitute the gold they are going to give back to Germany?No wonder..definitely,from Mali!The never-ending gold resource!!It is true"Gold dust blinds all eyes,"as Bhuwan Thapaliya says.
In nutshell,Mali was a cake fought over secretly between USA and France.The slogan‘war on terror’ and ‘extremism’ was a pretext to invade Mali to maintain the colonial interests in the region.Ansar Deen was really a nationalist freedom fighters who wanted to clean the country from the dirty hands and break loose from the western loans and life style.The France invasion has fed the perception that the West is waging a war on Islam.