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French Intervention in Mali:The Hidden Truths Revealed

Updated on January 25, 2013
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Mali is a country in the West Africa.It is a landlocked country about twice the size of France.It has borders with Algeria from the north, Niger from the east, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast from the south, Guinea from the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania from the west.With 65 percent of its land area are desert or semidesert.Although potentially rich in natural resources such as gold and uranium,oil,gas, iron, copper, manganese, and versatile minerals such as phosphates,it is still underdeveloped with poor infrastructure and heavily overwhelmed by foreign loans.The question is why can't they become developed and rich like before ,after they expelled out the France in 1960 from their territory ?are they doomed to live in poverty and with political instability?Should it be better for them to be dependent on the West in everything,not only economically if they want to revive the glorious days of the ancient empires??

According to recent survey,Mali is suffering from a ‘perfect storm’ of high food insecurity,iliteracy,drought,dissertification,high youth unemployment.AIDS.ethnic tensions.Taking these discouraging facts into considerations, It would have been better if they found an other solution instead of military intervention. Ban Ki-Moon,Secretary-General of the United Nations,was aware of that and that is why he stressed strongly on the preferability of dialogue to resolve the Mali issues despite the "dangerous"humanitarian situation a couple months ago before the France invasion."I am profoundly aware that if a military intervention in the north is not well conceived and executed, it could worsen an already fragile humanitarian situation and also result in severe human rights abuses,...A military operation may be required as a last resort to deal with the most hardline extremist and criminal elements in the north. But, before that stage is reached, the focus must be on initiating a broad-based and inclusive political dialogue aimed at forging national consensus around a roadmap for transition" 1.His statement ,as some observers noticed,is cautious,reflecting the unhappy past experiences in Somalia,when the African union as well as US failed to impose order. Some didn't agree with UN policy in dealing with the crisis in Mali,because they claim that humanitarian situation was urgent and thousands of people's lives were at stake.They reported some stories about people whose hands are chopped off and some females whose g.. are mutilated to affect the public opinion and to legitimate any future intervention in the Mali.

The President of France,François Hollande didn't wait long till he got access from the UN to declare war on the Anti-colonial freedom fighters under the pretext of terrorism,protecting its citizens and saving Malians from the severe and systematic abuses commited by the the hands of “Islamists” allegedly “linked to Al Qaeda”.


But closer examination of background events shows that France was worried about its sphere of influence in West Africa,especially when the USA signed recently a series of strategic deals with Mali,including agreements to train Malian forces in USA as well as with Algeria, including bilateral economic relations.Hilary Clinton, Secretary of State,said after her meeting with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika last year:


"We reviewed our strong bilateral relationship, including the fact we had an excellent Strategic Dialogue on a number of issues just last week in Washington..we have agreed to continue with in-depth expert discussions, to work together bilaterally and with the region – along with the United Nations, and the African Union, and ECOWAS – to determine the most effective approaches that we should be taking."2

Source

The recent USA actions in the Francophone region has increased the anxiety of France about its interests and influence,so the French government has expressed its inconvenience under the cover of the threat of what they called"al Qaeda-backed rebels " in the North in order to reverse the gains- vast swaths of northern Mali- the Ansar Deen and then regain control from the army(hidden hand of USA) who usurped the civilian goverment.This invasion makes USA just playing the role of catch-up; providing the transport planes, satellite intelligence.In fact,this limited role breeds a sense of disappointment among the Americans that a decade of investment in covert operations in Mali was just a waste of time.France,intelligently, understands so well the USA plan and then hurriedly acted to safeguard their own extensive economic interests in the region and to stop it shifting to the American influence sphere.

Many observers of Mali issues don't know that "France is in an adverse economic situation and due to its numerous rivals, it has proved inefficient in the international arena; therefore, it intends to prove its dominance over the western Africa by attacking the region and heat the security issues in the country"3 as Jafar Qannadbashi,an expert on Africa affairs.says.

Besides,when the USA helped the General Amadou Sanogo-who was chosen from among elite officers by the U.S. Embassy to receive military training to combat terrorism in the United States- to launch a military coup against the civilian government of Amadou Toumani Touré a month before general elections was enough to provoke France to react quickly before the country swept under its feet.Finally,there is an other reason which,I think, could provoke also France is the fact that Germany’s central bank,Deutsche Bundesbank,recently has managed to repatriate 374 tons of gold it had stored in Paris,out of reach of the Soviet empire during Cold War by 2020.So from where could France substitute the gold they are going to give back to Germany?No wonder..definitely,from Mali!The never-ending gold resource!!It is true"Gold dust blinds all eyes,"as Bhuwan Thapaliya says.

In nutshell,Mali was a cake fought over secretly between USA and France.The slogan‘war on terror’ and ‘extremism’ was a pretext to invade Mali to maintain the colonial interests in the region.Ansar Deen was really a nationalist freedom fighters who wanted to clean the country from the dirty hands and break loose from the western loans and life style.The France invasion has fed the perception that the West is waging a war on Islam.

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    • James-wolve profile imageAUTHOR

      Tijani Achamlal 

      5 years ago from Morocco

      @Petra Vlah,Sorry,I wasn't sure of that. Terrorism is the top Political game of 21st century.It is used as a pretext to invade countries and encroache on the rights of individuals.

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 

      5 years ago from Wales

      Very well presented and informed. I so enjoyed my lesson and vote up,across and share.

      You are indeed a great writer brawd.

      Eddy.

    • Petra Vlah profile image

      Petra Vlah 

      5 years ago from Los Angeles

      I happen to know the definition of terrorists and who qualify as such.

      In my comment I was being sarcastic because we know very well who killed plenty of innocent people and called them "collateral damage"

    • James-wolve profile imageAUTHOR

      Tijani Achamlal 

      5 years ago from Morocco

      @saitam.Thanks for taking time to read and commented.Well,their natural resources are exported west throughout Senegal and Ivory Coast.They don t need to align with neighbors since the whole region is controlled by France.

    • saitam profile image

      saitam 

      5 years ago from Lisbon

      Great hub, very interesting.

      You well covered the main points for French intervention. I had a small idea of the French interests but I did not know all this facts.

      Do you know which country Mali uses to get access to the sea? To export the important natural resources., they probably need to be aligned with a neighbour.

    • James-wolve profile imageAUTHOR

      Tijani Achamlal 

      5 years ago from Morocco

      @Cleaner3.Absolutely not.I am not against Americans or French.I am against injustice and violation of human wrights.I have good friends in USA ,France and in many other places.I am interested because I live in Africa,simply I see the invasion of Mali has taken place as the Western world continues to turn a blind eye to the slaughter being committed in Syria. Throughout, the Western powers used their usual slogans of ‘war on terror’ and ‘extremism’ as a pretext for this invasion. The events in Mali are just another Western military intervention aimed at maintaining their interests within the region.

    • James-wolve profile imageAUTHOR

      Tijani Achamlal 

      5 years ago from Morocco

      @ Petra Vlah ,In my own dict, a terrorist is the one who kills innocent people.

    • James-wolve profile imageAUTHOR

      Tijani Achamlal 

      5 years ago from Morocco

      @ Ghaelach,

      Good evening my friend.Thanks for taking time to read my hub.Not always Media tells the truth.As you know media is like any industry.It is driven by profit making.This is often achieved by creating sensational and attention grabbing news at the price of exaggerating or distorting the truth behind the news stories. However, There is still a fair amount of objective and responsible media out there, you just have to know where to look. If you are looking on your television, then no, you can't trust them to tell you the truth, or even to tell you the news. They are much too busy trying to entertain you and make money.I think if we google events,we will get much more of the truth and if not much,we will definitely understand what is going on around us.

    • ARSHAD MAJID profile image

      ARSHAD MAJID 

      5 years ago

      War is the biggest industry in the world.

    • profile image

      cleaner 3 

      5 years ago

      very interesting hub

      some observations are worth noting . But you tend to have an anti american and anti french bias

      good hub. I am just curious as to why you have such an interest in Mali?

      michael

    • Petra Vlah profile image

      Petra Vlah 

      5 years ago from Los Angeles

      From the beginnings of times, war was always about economic and strategic interests. Through the years governments have put a religious spin on occupation to "sell" it to the people and the latest excuse id terrorism. I wonder who the terrorists are...

    • profile image

      Ghaelach 

      5 years ago

      Evening James.

      A very well writen and put together hub.

      I like most of the world don't know the true facts of what is happing in Mali, so we rely on what the TV and news papers tell us.

      You bring to us many interesting facts that are worth listening to. I will look and listen to the news reports more intensively now.

      Thanks for sharing.

      LOL Ghaelach

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