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Fresno: A Brief Overview of City Demographics

Updated on August 20, 2016
Fresno is the 5th largest city in California
Fresno is the 5th largest city in California

Introduction

The following report was originally produced in 2014 for a non-profit organization in the Fresno, with much of the data derived from the most recent US Census in 2010. Even though some of the data may reflect statistics that were taken from a previous period, most of the economic trends and descriptions of the social pockets have remained similar.

This report will begin by providing an overview of the cities of Fresno and Clovis and then examine the demographics in the zip codes of 93706, 93701, 93702, 93721, 93728 in the city of Fresno and of 93611, 93612, and 93619 in the cities of Clovis. Statistics describing the general population demographics have been mainly derived from 2010 Census figures or estimated projections. In certain cases previously developed charts, created by librarians and based on available, government data were consulted. The McClatchy Veteran’s Database was consulted in order to obtain figures of population numbers in the Veteran’s community.

Each chapter will cover a specific zip code, beginning with 93706 since that was the area of emphasis by the requesters of this report. Within each chapter are tables which will provide figures for population and economic data. At the end of each chapter a listing of the schools will be provided. Included in the school list are the related districts, the school’s rankings and the average API score for each institution.

School rankings are from 1 to 10 with 10 being the highest mark a school can receive and 1 being the lowest numerical assignment. Therefore, a school with a rank of 7 is a better performing institution than a school with a rank of 4. In some instances, a rank was not available, and an indication of none was submitted. Average API scores when available, were also provided. The highest possible API Score is 999; averages are provided for each school. According to the Los Angeles Times, in 2013 Manchester Gate was ranked 3rd in California for top API Scores, with 996 points (http://schools.latimes.com/2013-api-scores/ranking/page/1/).

The city of Fresno has a fairly cosmopolitan makeup as indicated by the below tables. The following few pages will provide an overview of the economic situation in the county as a whole and list the various zip codes with their respective populations.

Table 7a will list the zip codes within the city of Fresno by populations and rank them according to size by population and income respectively. Table 7b will list the zip codes for the city of Clovis in a similar fashion. There are three areas in Clovis associated with populations: 93611, 93612, and 93619.

The city of Fresno is, according to the World Book Encyclopedia, the 5th largest city in the State of California and the 34th in the United States.

An Overview: The City and its Surroundings

Fresno and Clovis Populations:

According to the United States Census Department, the city of Fresno had an estimated (2012) population of 505,882 and the city of Clovis had a 2012 estimated population of 98,632 with a total of 604,514 in both metropolitan areas.

The County’s 2012 population of 947,895 ranks as the 10th largest county by population in the state of California and the 45th most populous in the United States.

The listed figures demonstrate that almost half the population of the city of Fresno is under the age of 30 and slightly similar trends are seen for the city of Clovis. If one were to look at the figures for those under the age of 20, you would see that roughly 1/3 of the population fits into this age demographic for Fresno. The figures for these two cities are slightly larger than the national numbers for the same age group demographic.

The employment figures for both males and females in the city of Fresno are slightly under the California and United States averages. In addition, the unemployment rates are fairly higher for both men and women in the city as well. This is a somewhat troubling statistic indicative of the disparity in the work opportunities for Fresno citizens. The slightly higher unemployment rates for the urban population compared to the state and national figures, implies not only a lack of local opportunity, but demonstrates that the city of Fresno is in danger of falling drastically behind the expected performance levels of the rest of the nation.

Population of Fresno (and Clovis) by Gender

 
 
 
 
2010 Population
Fresno
Clovis
Total
Female
251,541
49,491
301,032
Male
243,124
46,140
289,264
Total
494,665
95,631
590,296
Table 1a: Population overview by gender of Fresno and Clovis: 2010

Population by Age (0 - 30 years)

 
 
 
 
 
 
Male
 
Female
 
Age Group
Population
Percent
Population
Percent
Under 5
22,538
4.60%
21,373
4.30%
5 - 9
20,452
4.10%
19,635
4.00%
10 - 14
20,195
4.10%
19,439
3.90%
15-19
22,270
4.50%
21,597
4.40%
20-24
21,911
4.40%
22,014
4.50%
25-29
20,627
4.20%
20,492
4.10%
Total
127,993
25.90%
124,550
25.20%
Table 1b: Population Male and Female Fresno, Ages 0 – 29

Fresno by Ethnicity

 
 
 
Ethnicity
Population
Percentage
White
245,306
42%
African American
40,960
7%
Native American
8,525
1%
Asian
62,528
11%
Hawaiian
849
0%
Hispanic
232,055
39%
Total *
590,233
 
Fresno's Population by Ethnicity according to the 2010 US Census

The above figures demonstrate that almost half the population of the city of Fresno is under the age of 30 (and slightly similar trends are seen for the city of Clovis). If one were to look at the figures for those under the age of 20, you would see that roughly 1/3 of the population fits into this age demographic for Fresno. The figures for these two cities are slightly larger than the national numbers for the same age group demographic.

Although somewhat ethnically diverse, one can see from the 2010 Census figures that Whites and Hispanics are the major groups that compose the city's populace. English is still the predominant language, however, there are many smaller towns surrounding Fresno in which Spanish is the only language spoken by the residents. The influence of Spanish speakers is apparent in many areas of the city as well, as this population manages to adapt to what was once a predominantly white culture.

The employment figures for both males and females in the city of Fresno are slightly under the California and United States averages. In addition, the unemployment rates are fairly higher for both men and women in the city as well. This is a somewhat troubling statistic indicative of the disparity in the work opportunities for Fresno citizens. The slightly higher unemployment rates for the urban population compared to the state and national figures, implies not only a lack of local opportunity, but demonstrates that the city of Fresno is in danger of falling drastically behind the expected performance levels of the rest of the nation.

Fresno needs to discover new ways to create employment and learning opportunities for the youth culture, and non-English speakers in order to be competitive in future. Even though the population figures indicate that Fresno is one of the major urban pockets in the state with the 7th Largest economy in the world, political influences and the lack of a progressive mentality, place Fresno at the lower end of the socioeconomic spectrum. The sometimes dismal employment figures which reflect the lack of job opportunities are obvious when one examines recent statistics.

Employment Levels in Fresno

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Male
 
 
 
Female
 
 
 
 
Fresno
 
California
U.S.
Fresno
 
California
US
Residents 16 and Over
177,480
48.70%
49.30%
48.70%
186,850
51.30%
50.70%
51.30%
In Labor Force
122,049
68.80%
71.10%
70.20%
105,837
56.60%
58%
59%
In Military
396
0.22%
0.90%
0.80%
25
0.01%
0.12%
0.13%
Civilian Employed
102,281
84.10%
88.80%
90.30%
90,396
85.40%
89.20%
91.20%
Civilian Unemployed
19,372
15.90%
11.20%
9.30%
15,416
14.60%
10.80%
8.80%
Not In Labor Force
55,431
31.20%
28.90%
29%
81,013
43.40%
41.90%
40.60%
Table 4: Employment Status of Residents 16 Years and Over in the City of Fresno

The Best Little City in the West

One of the entrances at Van Ness Avenue:  "The Best Little City in the West"
One of the entrances at Van Ness Avenue: "The Best Little City in the West"

Bright Lights, Little City

A view of the Fresno skyline at night is quite picturesque.
A view of the Fresno skyline at night is quite picturesque.

A Look at the Population by Zip Code

According to the website, zipcodes.com there are 58 codes in Fresno County. They are listed below with their respective populations and on the following pages is the zip code map. Although there seem to be a large number of postal sections in the county, only 18 of them are associated with measurable populations. This chapter will present a brief overview and comparison of the zip codes by population and income. Following sections will cover each zip code specifically. It is the observation of the author of this article that there appears to be a direct correlation in the city with respect to ethnicity and postal areas and that these divisions are set apart in a distinct and observable pattern.



A Ranking of the Zip Codes by Population and Income

 
 
 
 
 
 
Ranking by Population
 
 
Ranking by Income
 
 
Ranking
Zip Code
Figure
Ranking
Zip Code
Figure
1
93722
76.448
1
93730
$118,685
2
93727
71,820
2
93720
$78,363
3
93702
48.607
3
93711
$67,739
4
93720
45,191
4
93723
$64,811
5
93706
41.087
5
93722
$54,633
6
93726
40,705
6
93727
$48,131
7
93711
36,731
7
93704
$47,152
8
93705
36,703
8
93710
$49,925
9
93703
31,868
9
93725
$37,591
10
93710
30,202
10
93726
$34,635
11
93704
27,156
11
93705
$33,119
12
93725
24,979
12
93703
$31,019
13
93728
15,743
13
93728
$30,872
14
93701
12,529
14
93650
$29,457
15
93730
9,941
15
93706
$27.73
16
93723
9,547
16
93702
$26,525
17
93721
6,959
17
93721
$21,277
18
93650
4,095
18
93701
$20,598

The above table provides an overview of the populated zip codes in the city of Fresno. The rankings of 1 through 18 on the left correspond with population figures while the rankings of 1 through 18 on the right side depict the average income per household. Zip codes range greatly in the number of residents – from 76,448 in area 93722 to 4,095 in zip code 93650. One can also examine the income levels by zip code and see that the difference between the more affluent area – 93730 is almost $100,000 greater than the average income for the poorest zip code in the city, 93701.

The economic disparity between the population pockets in the city becomes obvious when examined in a listing such as above. Inner city areas and Fresno's West side residents seem to be at the bottom strata in respect to income. Zones such as the northern tip of Fresno and the upper east side enjoy a greater economic benefit. Many of the areas such as the downtown corridor have struggled with issues such as homelessness, substance abuse issues and crime. The Fulton Mall shopping center (zip code 93721) in downtown Fresno was once a vibrant hub full of pedestrian traffic and Sunday shoppers who could enjoy a relaxing stroll through thriving store fronts.

The areas which this report will focus on will include the five poorest zip codes in the city which area visible on the right side of the chart above: 93706, 93701, 93702, 93721, 93728 and 93650 which encompasses the city of Pinedale. Information for the Clovis areas – 93611 and 93612 will be provided as well.

Woolworth's Department Store

Fulton Mall has many abandoned storefronts...
Fulton Mall has many abandoned storefronts...

Fulton Mall Today

...and fountains which once held precious water are now dry
...and fountains which once held precious water are now dry

A Look at the Zip Codes: 93706

The 93706 zip code is on the city of Fresno’s western edge. It roughly begins at Highway 41 near the 180 and stretches over towards Goldenrod Avenue. The southern border reaches as far south as Mountain View and zigzags up towards Manning and back down again until it reconnects with Highway 41. The total area for this zip code is 163.5 square miles.

The following charts will provide a brief overview of the population makeup of this region of the city. According to the online resource, www.zip-code.com, the average income per person is roughly $27,700. There are a total of 591 business in this area.

When the population was last measured, there were a total of 41,023 residents (this is recent data available after the 2010 census). This number is reflective of the fact that roughly 8.3% of the city’s residents live in this geographic area - one out of every 12 people who live in Fresno call this area home. According to the chart below, roughly ¼

A Map of 93706

Population by Age (93706)

 
 
 
 
 
Age Group (in years)
Male Population
 
Female Population
 
 
Number
Percentage
Number
Percentage
Under 5
2,131
5.20%
2,050
5%
5 - 9
1,979
4.80%
1,878
4.60%
10 - 14
1,930
4.70%
1,851
4.50%
15-19
2,127
5.20%
1,932
4.70%
20-24
1,812
4.40%
1,611
3.90%
25-29
1,526
3.70%
1,431
3.50%
Total
11,505
28%
10,753
26.20%

93706 by Ethnic Group

 
 
 
Race
Population
Percentage
White
16,115
39.30%
African American
7,786
19%
Hispanic
24,894
60.70%
Asian
4,189
10.20%
Native American
1,327
3.20%
Hawaiian
117
0.30%
Other
13,372
32.60%

93706 by Household Type

 
 
 
Household Type
Population
Percentage
Total Households
10,376
100%
Total With Children Under 18
4,624
44.60%
Husband-Wife
2,570
24.80%
Male Household No Wife
455
4.40%
Female Household No Husband
1,599
15.40%

The above chart presents an overview of the general household types which are found in the 93706 community – (as well as others). According to the figures, single parent households represent roughly 20% of all the housing types in this area with an approximately 3:1 ratio for the female no husband to the male no wife situation. A little less than half of all households have at least one child under the age of 18 present.

The charts below describe the income and poverty levels of the zip code. Unemployment in this area of Fresno seems to be disproportionately lower as well as the income levels. The breakdown by age group provides and interesting overview of the finance status of the listed populations in this area.

A Survey of the Work Force in 93706

 
 
 
Male
 
 
Female
 
 
 
93706 (No. of Residents)
93706 (Percentage)
CA
US
93706 (No. of Residents)
93706 (Percentage)
CA
US
Residents 16 and Over
12,921
48.50%
49.30%
48.70%
13,704
51.50%
50.70%
51.30%
In Labor Force
7,863
60.90%
71.10%
70.20%
6,017
43.90%
58%
59%
In Military
22
0.17%
0.90%
0.80%
11
0.08%
0.12%
0.13%
Civilian Employed
6,359
81.10%
88.80%
90.30%
4,957
82.50%
89.20%
91.20%
Civilian Unemployed
1,482
18.90%
11.20%
9.30%
1,049
17.50%
10.80%
8.80%
Not In Labor Force
5,058
39.20%
28.90%
29%
7,687
56.10%
41.90%
40.60%

Below is listed the average income levels for various age groups in the zip code 93706. Following are charts that list the educational levels for the population 25 and over in the same area: what is most alarming about the statistics is the fact that the high school drop-out rate is more than twice the state average and three times of that of the United States. The number of those with some college is slightly lower than that of the state and the nation as well. College graduates with a Bachelor’s degree are roughly 1/3 of what they should be according to State and National Averages. When looking at those who hold graduate degrees the numbers are more staggering. These figures seem to make a significant statement about the disparity in education levels for this area when this section of the city is compared to others.

Average Income for 93706

 
 
 
 
Age in Years
Zip Code 93701
California
US
Under 25
$20,962
$31,097
$25,955
26 - 44
$25,799
$64,522
$58,073
45 - 64
$32,258
$73,909
$64,486
Over 65
$28,056
$42,408
$36,181

Poverty Levels in 93706

 
 
 
 
 
Poverty levels
93706 Zip Code *
 
California
U S
Population in Poverty
15,836
41.50%
15.30%
14.90%
Families in Poverty
2,796
36.20%
11.50%
10.90%

Levels of Education in 93706

 
 
 
 
 
Education Category
Area 93706
 
California
U S
Total Population 25+
20,127
 
 
 
Less Than High School
9,098
45.20%
18.90%
14.30%
High School Graduate
4,725
23.50%
20.70%
28.20%
Some College/AA
4,678
23.20%
29.90%
29%
Bachelor's Degree
1,190
5.90%
19.40%
17.90%
Graduate Degree
436
2.20%
11.10%
10.60%
Less than ten percent of the population in this area has completed a four year college degree (or greater).

Zip Code: 93701

The zip code runs along First Street between Divisadero and Olive and angles down towards Weber in a semi-triangular shape. As of the latest figure, there are 13,899 people living in this area and 3,301 total households. There are 206 businesses in this area and the average income per household is roughly $20,600

A Map of Zip Code 93701

93701 Covers Central/West Fresno
93701 Covers Central/West Fresno

The Population in 93701

The residents living in the 93701 zip code are primarily Hispanic or White. Two of the major freeways, the 180 and the 41 go right through this area

Population by Age (0-30) and Gender in 93701

 
 
 
 
 
Age Group (in years)
Male Population
 
Female Population
 
 
Number
Percentage
Number
Percentage
Under 5
825
6.60%
723
5.80%
9-May
666
5.30%
662
5.30%
14-Oct
583
4.70%
556
4.40%
15-19
629
5.00%
636
5.10%
20-24
598
4.80%
601
4.80%
25-29
569
4.50%
491
3.90%

Population by Ethnicity in 93701

 
 
 
Race
Population
Percentage
White
4,534
36.20%
African American
742
5.90%
Hispanic
9,233
73.70%
Asian
1,287
10.30%
Native American
361
2.90%
 
 
 

Population by household type

 
 
 
Household Type
Population
Percentage
Total Households
3,301
 
Total with Children Under 18
1,662
50.30%
Husband-Wife (with children)
797
24.10%
Male Household No Wife
214
6.50%
Female Household No Husband
651
19.70%

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