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Future of Juvenile Justice
by Amber Maccione
Cohn states that to understand the changes within the juvenile system, we have to first look at the world that causes the change to happen such as in today’s world of “gross inadequacies of modern urban education, changes in familial patterns and family roles and responsibilities; employment and unemployment coincident with economic conditions; the proliferation of guns and violence; and the use and abuse of illicit substances together with youth’ eternal willingness to experiment” (Cohn 2004). With that said, I see the future of the juvenile justice system a place where unfortunately more jobs will be created because of the increase need for it. I believe (because of religious beliefs) that our world as we know it is only going to get worse – not better.
I don’t really think that the increase in juvenile males is the reason for the projected increase in juvenile crime. I believe that the factors of technology, the poor economy, and the eliminating government and school courses and activities due to tight budgets are the real reasons for today’s increase in juvenile crime as well as the future of juvenile crime. Technology with movies, T.V., and video games desensitizes the mind (the Bible does say to watch what we see and hear). With the lack of money to provide for families, people start stealing and/or selling drugs. And with the government and schools having to cut programs because of lack of funds, there is more time for youths to get in trouble because they don’t have anything to occupy their time.
Juvenile Justice in America also address some factors that will cause an increase in juvenile crimes such as single parent households with low incomes, the increase in the juvenile population, the influence of gangs and drugs, and the issue of gun control just to name a few (Bartollas 2011 p. 361-362). So the question to arise from this is what s to be done to either prevent the crime from happening or deal with it once it happens? I think preventing the crime will be hard to accomplish for the main reason that the government is running low on funds - tight budgets. Bartollas and Clemens say that the juvenile justice departments must make clearer goals, get the community in to help with rehabilitation, and bring back accountability and professionalism to the professions behind the juvenile justice system (Bartollas 2011 p. 362-363).
Bartollas, C. & Miller, S. (2011). Juvenile Justice in America (6th ed.). Upper Saddle
River: Prentice Hall, Pearson Education, Inc.
Cohn, A.W. (Dec. 2004). Planning for the Future of Juvenile Justice. Federal Probation:
A Journal of Correctional Philosophy and Practice 68(3).
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Supreme Court & Juvenile Justice
- The Roberts Court’s Liberal Turn on Juvenile Justice - NYTimes.com
The Supreme Court’s decision to ban mandatory life sentences for young offenders is an emphatic rejection of the “get tough” juvenile policies of the 1980s and 1990s.