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Highless Weed - More Cannabidiol CBD Less THC

Updated on October 5, 2012

Medical Marijuana AKA Highless Weed

What would be the response to widespread availability of a highless weed strain that exhibits many of the same medical marijuana benefits as its more potent sibling without the psychoactive euphoric high that has been constantly rolled as the primary reason for continued government prohibition of the natural plant? That is the question that will likely be debated with advances in designer strains of highless weed that contained increased amounts of the cannabinoid Cannabidiol and far less amounts of the cannabinoid THC. THC is, of course, the psychoactive substance that binds to cannabinoid receptors (namely CB1 and CB2) primarily in the brain of marijuana smokers. Cannabidiol is a lesser known cannabinoid that follows similar pathways but does not bind to these receptors as the THC does. Highless weed looks to be promising for those with specific medical conditions such as inflammation. However, it is certainly not going to be a complete replacement that will satisfy all users. Speaking strictly in terms of medical marijuana, there will be many conditions that simply will not respond well to the highless weed (perhaps ADHD, depression, alcoholism). While plants with high ratios of THC to CBD have been growing in research centers around the world for quite some time, it was in 2012 that an Israeli company named Tikun Olam bred a nearly completely THC-free plant given the name Avidikel. The THC content in the foliage is less than 1%.

A Graphical Look At The Cannabinoids And Health Effects

Medical Conditions Suitable For Highless Weed

Cannabidiol has been studied for medical use for decades now, ever since the 1980s discovery of the cannabinoid receptors. The following conditions and illnesses have all been studied with results showing evidence of improvement and/or symptom relief through the use of high-CBD highless weed:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (due to CBD's anti-inflammatory effect)
  • Liver Inflammation
  • Colitis
  • Heart Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Dystonia
  • Breast Cancer
  • Schizophrenia
  • Neurodegeneration from binge drinking alcohol

On top of studies showing that patients with the above conditions could all be good candidates for the use of highless weed, there are other beneficial side effects. For one, THC-less weed can greatly reduce psychotic episodes and schizophrenic behavior that can sometimes accompany high doses of regular marijuana. The anti-social isolation of a marijuana smoker can possibly be eliminated. The typical memory interference of THC that has lead to terms such as stoner is also not as significant in highless weed.

Legalization Issues With Highless Weed

It looks as though the legalization of substances that contain a combination of cannabidiol and other cannabinoids is still as turbulent as the push for marijuana freedom itself. However, with the breeding of new plants that contain hardly any THC at all it will be interesting to see what direction things take. After all, most of the public outrage that is put out by the conservative portion of the population stems from the psychoactive effects of the plant. However, as with anything it is almost a certainty that pharmaceutical companies will look for ways to maintain their grip on the plant and extracts in order to keep profits high. The following is the legal status of Cannabidiol (and by extrapolation likely highless weed) in various countries:

USA - Cannabidiol is not a controlled substance

Canada - Cannabidiol is a Schedule 2 drug

Please leave a comment if you know of the legal status for your specific country. There is likely to be a great deal of overlap when it comes to drug enforcement laws if such a highless weed plant goes mainstream. The smell and look of the THC-less plant is the same as its high-inducing counterpart. This could lead to mistaken arrests for the plant. In the United States at least, the burden of proof is on the prosecution, but there have certainly been many cases of people being arrested for similar looking plants and getting charged with possession. One example of this could be the latest wave of Spice and incense products. An arrest could be life-interfering and expensive even if innocent.

High-less Weed And The Future

Marijuana is illegal in Israel where the new highless weed plants are grown. However, the company has been introducing the strain to interested patients through the country's medical marijuana initiative. The United States and other countries could be the next in line if the trials go well. Also, medical wellness centers throughout the country have been introducing high CBD strains and other products with their regular line. One of the newest such products is from a company called Dixie Elixir which has begun selling hemp-based CBD products at dispensaries and at their website. Dixie Dew Drops, Scrips (pills), and Salves are all part of their DixieX line. We can expect a lot more action in the arena of highless marijuana and CBD-infused products in the future.

CBD In A Doctor's Words


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    • iTommyGuns profile image

      TommyGuns 3 years ago from Blakeslee, PA

      Thanks for a great hub. I've been researching this for my rheumatoid arthritis and thought I would see what my fellow hubbers had to say.

    • againsttheodds profile image

      againsttheodds 5 years ago

      Good question.. I'm not a medical doctor, but I think that the way cannabinoids help with the glaucoma condition is through their anti-inflammatory properties. It seems that both THC, cannabidiol, and combinations have been used in the past to treat the eye pressure condition. To that end, the chart may be missing an arrow for anti-inflammatory on the Delta-9 THC portion.

    • Larry Fields profile image

      Larry Fields 5 years ago from Northern California

      Hi againsttheodds. You've written a very informative hub. Voted up, shared, and more.

      About the political aspect: The USA is the land of motherhood, apple pie, and witch-hunts. More than 3 centuries after the Salem witch trials, we still have not taken the lesson of that tragic event to heart. If we start getting rational about Cannabis, we may need to add another target for witch hunts to our collection, in order to maintain our RDA of hysteria.

      I couldn't help but notice that glaucoma was not specifically mentioned in the pie chart. I take it that Delta-9 THC component of garden variety Cannabis is necessary for that particular medical application.