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How Canadians Successfully Developed and Advanced New Science, Technology, and Medical Practices During WWI

Updated on July 6, 2020

How Canadians successfully develop, and advance new science, technology, and medical practices innovations in WWI

Introduction

Canada's participation in pure scientific research during the First World War was typically limited. Nevertheless, Canada's narrow research efforts were mainly concern with the making of the military elements by active technological practitioners coupled with the innovators in combat as well as communication[1]. Moreover, the kind of Canada's technological role was determined by the pre-war economy founded on natural resource removal as well as railway construction.

Technology

The technological aspects regarding the Western Front that were particularly significant to the Canadian forces, and encompassed making of the infantry weapons, artillery gas warfare, and armored warfare[2].

The Canadian infantry platoons mainly encompassed a segment of the professional hand grenadiers coupled with rifle grenadiers, which were armed with experimental anti-tank rifle grenades. Moreover, Canadians also adopted British mortars and placed a finest on the mobility. There was also substantial technological advancement within the Canadian wireless communication the year 1917 with incessant wave sets, which offered relatively superior range while utilizing reduced antennas; and the new sets were utilized effectively throughout the Battle of Hill 70.

Canadian also manufactured ammunition after accepting important manufacturing contracts from the British after the outbreak of the war, despite lacking the required experience as well as tooling essential in the production of the artillery ammunition.

Canadian Corps also created light railways to replace motor Lorries that burned massive quantity of scarce fuel, wrecked subtle roadways and needed constant repair. Moreover, the light railway lines provided numerous merits in contrast such as being able to be positioned relatively quickly and resituated as needed[3]. This was made possible due to the presence of numerous skilled railways workers within Canadian uniform that enhanced the development of the light railway ability, beyond the official creation of the existing Canadian Corps. Moreover, in 1916, the Canadians officially created Composite Pioneer Company in a bid to carry out light railway roles.

Science

Canadians used the principles of the scientific gunnery in advancing the impacts of the counterbattery fire as well as artillery sustenance more generally[4]. Moreover, scientific gunnery entailed utilization of the flash-spotting as well as sound-ranging in the determination of the location of the enemy gun locations, which accounted for the meteorological situations and barrel wear when aiming at the targets.

Medicine

The Canadians created the Canadian Corps Gas Services with year with the chief aim of developing preventative measures as well as instilling the required anti-gas discipline. Overall, Gas Services was deemed to be extremely effective. Thus, through experience as well as experimentation, physicians within the Canadian Army Medical Corps created new treatments and studied more mostly regarding the impacts of the gas. For example, the study of the gas fatalities was undertaken by two Canadian medical officers in revealing that the soldiers burned once by the renowned mustard gas were much vulnerable to severe skin injuries when exposed to the successive time in November 1917[5].

Conclusion

Canada's prominence as the British Dominion massively designed its wartime technological knowledge. In most circumstances, Canadian soldiers utilized the British weapons as well as equipment based on British policy. Moreover, Canadian soldiers were deemed to be active innovators who worked with the scientific gunnery. The Canadian Corps functioned its specific strategic railway unit ahead of numerous supplementary British formations. The First World War required technological adaptation emanating from the Canadian soldiers fighting beneath the British command. Similarly, it allowed Canadians to apply their respective harmony technological knowledge to the military problems within a total war setting.

Bibliography

Doern, G. Bruce, Peter WB Phillips, and David Castle. Canadian science, technology, and innovation policy: The innovation Economy and Society nexus. McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP, 2016.

Dong, Yuxiao, Hao Ma, Zhihong Shen, and Kuansan Wang. "A century of science: Globalization of scientific collaborations, citations, and innovations." In Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery and data mining, pp. 1437-1446. ACM, 2017.


[1] Doern, G. Bruce, Peter WB Phillips, and David Castle. Canadian science, technology, and innovation policy: The innovation Economy and Society nexus. McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP, 2016.

[2] Dong, Yuxiao, Hao Ma, Zhihong Shen, and Kuansan Wang. "A century of science: Globalization of scientific collaborations, citations, and innovations." In Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery and data mining, pp. 1437-1446. ACM, 2017.

[3] Doern, G. Bruce, Peter WB Phillips, and David Castle. Canadian science, technology, and innovation policy: The innovation Economy and Society nexus. McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP, 2016.

[4] Dong, Yuxiao, Hao Ma, Zhihong Shen, and Kuansan Wang. "A century of science: Globalization of scientific collaborations, citations, and innovations." In Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery and data mining, pp. 1437-1446. ACM, 2017.

[5] Doern, G. Bruce, Peter WB Phillips, and David Castle. Canadian science, technology, and innovation policy: The innovation Economy and Society nexus. McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP, 2016.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Michael Omolo

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