ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How Mali Fell Into Al-Qaeda Control

Updated on January 14, 2013

For five years, the U.S. spent up to $600 million in Africa, including Mali, to prevent the African wing of al-Qaeda from expanding. It started in Somalia but as the Libyan event ended, many of the fighters, who were al-Qaeda affiliated, returned to Mali. These men eventually enlisted in the Mali Army and undetected. Some followed Ansar Dine, a local jihaddist. Ansar Dine already had a group of jihaddist fighters, which basically routed much of the Mali army in the remote areas. This created a mutiny in the government located in Bamako.

The U.S. military thought that they had made the correct choice in Capt. Amadou Sanogo, who was trained by the Special Forces. He was a junior officer and learned the same things as the Americans. When the Mali government became unstable, it was this officer who conducted a coup along with 1,600 well armed soldier followers. In Northern Mali, there were four military units were led by Tuareg tribal leaders, who simply told their men to defect to al-Qaeda because they were feared. Some did, others fled.

A few thousand with weapons and trucks defected to al-Qaeda, Mahreb, the African branch that practices strict Islamic law. The communications from the remnants of the Mali army in Bamako were scant to loyal troops hundreds of miles away at the time of the coup. This led to rumor and rumors lead to fear in frontline soldiers. Rumors were the military had collapsed in Bamako, which had not, it still have 4000 men out of the 8000 man army. But, the chaos created and the lack of information and the approaching jihadists to remote towns sealed Northern Mali's fate. Whatever was left of the Mali army there routed or joined them, opening the door so the Mali desert area, the size of Texas, was quickly taken over by al-Qaeda. The U.S. military picked the wrong man this time. They had no idea he would conduct a coup.

End of story.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • expertscolumn profile image

      Stanley Soman 

      5 years ago from New York

      You are right without a doubt! And guess what the Africans are doing? They are using children and forcing them to fight for them, making even France's attempts and US's attempts to putting down this new rebel group even harder.

      I wrote about Africa's child soldiers hope you read it as well

      thank you for highlighting an important recent cause.

      https://hubpages.com/politics/Africas-Child-Soldie...

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)