Increased HIV Prevalence Among the Gay in the US
In my practice as a nurse I have encountered a health disparity inform of increased HIV/AIDS prevalence among gay and l and homo-sexual men practicing sex with each other. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2018), the United States reports approximately 50,000 new HIV/AIDS infections per annum. Bisexual, gay and homosexuals comprises of more than half of this figure. Further disparities are also manifested among ethnic/racial groups with Hispanics and black Americans constituting half of the infections and deaths from new cases. Currently, over 600,000 bisexual and gay men are living with HIV in the US.
Various factors contribute to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDs among gay and bisexual men who have sex with other men. Among these is the tendency of performing unprotected anal intercourse, subsequently exposing them to high risk of infection. Another reason is the affinity of gay and bisexual men to having anal sex with multiple partners. As for the Hispanics and black Americans, the prevalent factor was lack of access to proper medications and the more likelihood of having sex with multiple partners (Lieb, Fallon, Friedman, Thompson, Gates, Liberti, & Malow, 2011).
The government of the US has instituted policies to reduce the spread and management of HIV/AIDS among the vulnerable population. Among these include funding health facilities to provide medication and preventive services to such population at no or little cost. There is also creation of awareness and educating the public on prevention and management approaches, as well as providing free medications for those already infected. The government also provides anti-retroviral medicines for preventing further infections (CDC, 2018). What is more, the authorities also encourage all gays to go for HIV/AIDs testing on a regular basis to prevent further spread. These policies are anticipated to reduce to cases of HIV/AIDS among gay and bisexual men.
ReferencesCenter for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2018). HIV Infection — United States, 2008 and 2010. Retrieved 31st January 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6203a19.htm?s_cid=su6203a19_w Lieb, S., Fallon, S., Friedman, S., Thompson, D., Gates, G., Liberti, T., & Malow, R. (2011). Statewide estimation of racial/ethnic populations of men who have sex with men in the U.S. PubMed, 126(1), 60-72