Impact of Poor designed Policies on Farmer and agriculture
National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) has given the data that 60 per cent of rural household is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. In this agricultural country, the condition of the farmer is so bad that the system of government and bureaucrats have made the very survival of the farmers difficult. Small farmers in India have their dept due to crop failure sometimes caused by unpredictable rainfall. The national crime record Bureau says that in the past twenty years bout three hundred thousand farmers have committed suicide as a result. agriculture counts as 15 per cent of the Indias GDP. the loan waivers are a short-term fix.
"The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has not published data on farmers’ suicides for two years now. For some years before that, fraudulent data logged in by major states severely distorted the agency’s estimates. For instance, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal and many others claimed ‘zero suicides’ by farmers in their states. In 2014, 12 states and six union territories claimed ‘zero suicides’ among their farmers. The 2014 and 2015 NCRB reports saw huge, shameless fiddles in the methodology – aimed at bringing down the numbers." says P Sainath.
"Green revolution uses ten times more water to produce the same amount of food so the surface water has been exploited and the groundwater has been exploited so fast that within next five water we will have a serious crisis of water."Vandana Shiva. The monoculture has destroyed the diversity of crop cultivation which also led to the poor health of the soil.
to add to the farmer's burden subsidies which are the only relief they have, once this will also be dried up, then farmer have to fend to themselves with no bank loans propper irrigation systems or insurance against pests and rains. many have turned to modified seeds believing that it will bring them better productivity in crops but these are been sold to them at twice the price. as a result, many of those people chose to take larger loans from money lenders who charge them exorbitant rates. when they are not able to pay according to their loan commitments many have no option other than surrender their land to the money lenders used as collateral.
Many reports have pointed towards the debt burden and its resulting vulnerability at the household level as the primary factor for farmer suicides.
falling yields, Rising cost and indebtedness, these are the key reasons which are forcing farmers to kill themselves in the last two decades.
"How we produce food and consume our food is a most significant impact on the planet and society" Vandana Shiva.
The short-term intervention can be made by NGOs as well as the commercial sector to make investments in the agricultural sector, the condition of the farmer will become better when the consumer and the farmers will be connected directly. As the farmers are now exposed to the internet services the exchange of information is now has been made easier.
Apps such as IFFCO Kisan Agriculture, Pusa Krishi, Agriguru, Kheti-bad and many more to provide information related to information on Crop Production, Crop Protection and all relevant agriculture allied services, promote and support ‘Organic Farming’ and provide important information/issues related to farmers in India. some app provides application enables Indian farmers to connect with Krishi Gyan experts and ask them questions related to farming and get answers within the application through notifications.
Crop Insurance is an app which helps farmers to calculate insurance premium for notified crops and provides information cut-off dates and company contacts for their crop and location. It can also be used to get details of normal sum insured, extended sum insured, premium details and subsidy information of any notified crop in any notified area. It is further linked to its web portal which caters to all stakeholders including farmers, states, insurance companies and banks.
the use of technology has its pros and cons. the use of geospatial data for checking the growth, draught assessment etc were been done at the taluka level so the work which was done by human are now remotely done by it department who does not visit the site. This made them more unapproachable.
P Sainath also told about in dec 2016 Modi govt has put out out a manual that fundamentally changes the way the drought has been accessed a the crop assessment in drought situation is done and significantly reduces the powers and initiative of state govt. the drought is not a national phenomenon it needs to be a regionalised subregional phenomenon and state govt should be more prominent in the assessment of drought. impact on farmers will be it will completely delinking the crop assessment and drought assessment. Most of the study for assessing is going to be down on the bases satellite data and satellite data aggregated as taluka level, not at village level and what it does the work which was done by human are now remotely done by it department who does not visit the site. further, It reduces the importance of assessments like the level of water and water tanks and reservoirs. The number of indicators normalises the vegetation index and another important index such as wetness index. then there is an ambiguity that there is sufficient evidence of drought. This made the information more ambiguous and made farmers more vulnerable to further reduce the power and rights from farmers. In conclusion, the impact of poorly design policies which does not provide social justice or not designed for human and it this case for the farmers are not going to be successful, however, the designing the strategies keeping human and community at the centre will lead to an efficient system.
Reference: Sainath, P (2 July 2018). "India's agrarian crisis has gone beyond the agrarian"
"P Sainath: How states fudge the data on declining farmer suicides".
Huggler, Justin (2 July 2004). "India acts over suicide crisis on farms".
NationalAgriculturalInsuranceScheme (NAIS) / Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana (RKBY