ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Implications of Current Issues on Budgetary Planning in Healthcare

Updated on April 2, 2014

In the United States today there are many factors organizations must understand and plan for in order to develop effective budgets. Implications of the current economy, new health care legislation and the increasing Medicare population must be discussed by the leadership of the organization during budget planning.

Source

Current Issues

The economy of the United States is declining and will be in crisis if an intervention is not carried out. As a nation, we do not save enough to finance our financial system and must borrow about $500 billion annually from the rest of the world (Bergsten, 2011). The state of the population is also declining; unemployment is high while wages are stagnant for those employed. A fundamental rebalancing of the structure of the US economy will be required to avoid a major economic crisis. One of the components to solve this dilemma is to reduce government spending in which funding for Medicare and Medicaid will be cut. This will mostly be done through reductions in payments to providers and health-care plans.

Does your employer offer healthcare insurance?

See results

Healthcare Organizations Role

In order for organizations to remain competitive and successful they must be up to date and be able to discuss, evaluate and plan for the current health care legislation. The Affordable Care Act seeks to provide insurance to the millions of people without insurance. This law has a high cost for the government in a time where they need to decrease government spending. In order to compensate for this, the law also provides a plan to reduce the increasing cost of Medicare. It creates a team of experts to evaluate treatments and limit government reimbursement to only those treatments shown to be effective (Pingleton, 2012). This not only cuts costs but can increase the quality of patient care and patient satisfaction. The down side is that organizations and providers must understand what treatment are covered or they will not be compensated. Providers also have incentives to “bundle’' services rather than charge by individual procedure (Pingleton, 2012). The Accountable Care Act will slow Medicare beneficiary spending growth to roughly the growth rate of the gross domestic product (Gold, 2012). This act will help balance the nations budget while reducing payments to organizations and providers. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) goal is to improve the quality, safety and efficiency of care through financial incentives. Through quality measures, value-based purchasing and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH or 'meaningful use') CMS monitors organization practices giving incentives or enforcing penalties depending on the program (Pingleton, 2012). Organizations that are not compliant with CMS goals and legislation changes can lose a significant amount of money.

Medicare affects on Healthcare Budgets

The effect of an increasing Medicare population is different for different organizations. In a hospital setting, an increasing Medicare population correlates with an increase of the inpatient hospital population (Strunk, Ginsburg, & Banker, 2006). The challenge for hospitals is to prepare for this increase to maximize profits. In order to do this, it is imperative to understand current and new Medicare legislation and budgeting appropriately. In order to project the possible socioeconomic outcomes and their implications on the budget, leaders must know how to discuss the issues effectively group members. A Good leader does this by:

  • Distribute an outline of issues before the discussion so that everyone is on the same page and have time to prepare questions or propose new ideas.
  • Encourage participation and allow enough time for everyone to participate.
  • Discuss different view points and don't judge or criticize ideas.
  • Identify areas of agreement and disagreement.
  • Encourage people to relax, laugh and have fun.

Summary

Budgetary planning involves evaluation of the economy, legislation, and the increasing Medicare population. Medicare reimbursement assumptions are made according to the estimated Medicare population and projected cut backs on Medicare reimbursement rates. As the economy declines, leading to the population having less disposable income, the hospital volume declines and the patient mix changes. New legislation can lead to new payer mix changes and how or when reimbursements are made. It is important to acknowledge these changes, adapt to them and incorporate them in the devolvement of the budget.

References

Bergsten, C. F. (2011, October). U.S. economy: beyond a quick fix. Vital Speeches of the Day, 348-354. Retrieved from http://www.vsotd.com/

Gold, M. (2012, March 29). Medicare advantage - lessons for Medicare’s future. The New England Journal of Medicine, 366(13), 1174-1177.

Pingleton, S. K. (2012, July). Millennial health care change you can believe in. CHEST, 22(1), 22-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1378/chest.11-3034

Strunk, B. C., Ginsburg, P. B., & Banker, M. I. (2006, May). The effect of population aging on future hospital demand. Health Affairs, 25(3), w141-w149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.25.w141

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)