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Is Kashmir an Impossible Issue?

Updated on June 3, 2019
Jibran Sameer profile image

The writer is a student of Political Science, and International Relations

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History of Kashmir

Kashmir owing to its natural beauty, location, and resources, is a paradise on earth. Unfortunately, it becomes a hell on earth since the second phase of the uprising in 2016. Conventionally, Kashmir valley conquered by Mughal emperor Akbar the great and later added to his Kabul Subah in 1586. After 4 centuries of Muslim rule, Kashmir fell into the hands of Sikh ruler Ranjith Singh of Punjab. After the first Anglo Sikh war of 1845_1846, Kashmir ceded to East India Company under the treaty of Lahore, which transferred to Gulab Singh under the treaty of Amritsar. Since that, The State of Kashmir ruled by a Hindu Maharajah Hari Singh under the majority population of Muslims for decades. Though, when the British Empire left India with a partition of sub-continent into India and Pakistan with a complex demarcation of borders. Under “Third June Plane”, the Princely State including Kashmir given the freedom to decide their political future, either to accede Pakistan or India.

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First war on Kashmir

Maharajah Hari Singh decided for an independent Kashmir. According to the 1941 census, 77% population were Muslim, 20% Hindu, and 3% other religious minority. However, the local Muslims has begun to protest and claimed for accession with Pakistan. Hari Singh turns the table and used force to suppress indigenous protesters. He signed an instrument of accession with India in lieu of his support to clamp down the local uprising. Although, his move condemned by Pakistan authority. In fact, it instigated Muslim sentiments thoroughly. Hence “Jirga Lashkar” of Pakistan from Pashtun Tribal Areas now emerged in Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa (KPK) invaded Kashmir on 22nd October 1947. Consequently, the Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru put the issue before United Nation Security Council (UNSC) on January 1949. Nonetheless, a formal cease-fire declared on 31st December 1948. Accordingly, in the Simla Agreement of 1972, the cease-fire line renamed as a line of control (LOC). The areas gain by either side added to their domain with a special autonomous status.

UN Report on Massacre in Kashmir

Kashmir's are the victims of Indian brutalities since 1947. The illegal accession and invasion of the valley by the Indian armies thus escalated chaos. UN high commission report on Human right violation in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) in 2018 exposed their nastiness. Since 1989 till 2019, Indian Forces killed ninety thousand people. More than 7000 died in illegal detention. The Indian military illicitly arrested more than 150 thousand of civilians and raped 11 thousand of women. Since the second phase of Kashmir Intifada commenced on July 8, 2016, 873 people died, wherein, 62 died in custody. More than 26,000 people tortured and 11,000 arrested. 1, 000 people wounded by pellet guns and 144 lost their Eye-sight. The UN report broke the hideous face of Indian Ruling party.

India's Stance on Kashmir

Despite UN intervention in the Kashmir issue, it is still hanging like a bone between two Monsters, India and Pakistan. UN failed to hold a plebiscite to resolve the issue reluctantly. The Kashmir issue is a questionable issue because of its nature. In Shimla agreement of July 1972, both India and Pakistan agreed for the peaceful solution of all outstanding issues including Kashmir through the bilateral approach. Similarly, in the Almaty Declaration which held in June 2002, wherein, every participated country affirmed the solution of all issue with mutual commitment while both India and Pakistan are its member. In the SAARC organization (South Asian Association for Regional Countries), both countries reached for mutual consent to impasse all issues bilaterally.

Pakistan's Stance on Kashmir

Notwithstanding, Pakistan reiterated for Kashmir solution under UN security council resolution. Pakistan argues the same Shimla agreement, wherein, the countries approved to follow the principals and purposes of the UN charter. Interestingly, Chapter VI of UN describes the powers of UNSC to examine and arbitrate disputes amicably. Chapter VII of UN charter authorized the UNSC to used military to resolve dispute. Contrary to Indian approval of respecting UN charter, she violates UN laws to abolish Kashmir issue under UN supervision.

Need of Public attention on Kashmir

Kashmir issue needs Public attention. Even though, the issue might be resolved under UNSC resolution. But again, is beg of question would be UN resolution accepted to the stakeholder? It may be faced massive condemns from both sides except, if both countries appreciate the solution voluntarily. Who forgotten Badme conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea? Badme conflict begun in May 1998, when Eritrea claimed and invaded Badme. The invasion thus developed into a full-blown war, claimed hundreds of thousand soldiers died from both sides. Nonetheless, Addis Ababa and Asmara singed a peace treaty brokered by the Organization of African Unity in 2002. The relation once again deteriorated in 2003, when the UN commission ruled that the town of Badme lies in Eritrea territory. While Ethiopia turns down commission rulings and refused to negotiate a new settlement under UN special envoy for Ethiopia. Although, Ethiopia voluntary accepted the UN ruling Commission in June 2018. The Badme issue finally lasted but on volunteer consent of the community.

Way Forward

Kashmir is an International issue that cannot be resolved merely through UN resolution. The issue requires the public attention of both countries. The public opinion from both sides is a viable option. Public to public contact and cultural relation could play an effective role in the Kashmir issue. In fact, the regional inhabitants faced inhuman brutalities for several decades. Pakistan government took a commendable step to open the Kartarpur corridor for the Sikh community mean, to open the door for dialogues with Indian authority. It is thus moral responsibility of the Indian government to bring forth peace initiative to decide the fate of Kashmir issue according to the will of the people.

Could Kashmir Issue resolved under UNSC resolution?

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© 2019 Faheem Sameer

Could Public Opinion resolved Kashmir Issue?

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    • profile image

      Rince 

      10 months ago

      M. Shakir 

      3 weeks ago

      Yes, if Public are motivated and prepared for any kind of result. It is possible with social relation which would ultimately led for peaceful solution

    • profile image

      Bisharat Ansar 

      11 months ago

      Kashmir is viable issue, and the solution relies upon stakeholder. But in case of Kashmir, the stakeholders are not yet ready for any flexibility in their stance.

      The solution is possible only on public opinion, plus major power interferance to compel them for any solution

    • profile image

      M.zeeshan 

      11 months ago

      Superb, you mentioned an amazing solution. The only way to sort out kashmir issue is to motivate public for any kind of consequences. People of both region are naturally do not like each other because of political, social and cultural gap. It is need of time to bring them in a soluble point.

    • profile image

      M. Shakir 

      11 months ago

      Yes, if Public are motivated and prepared for any kind of result. It is possible with social relation which would ultimately led for peaceful solution.

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