- Politics and Social Issues
NECESSITY OF GLOBAL PEACE
Hundreds of years of war, bloodshed, hatred and hostility among the big powers of Europe led to the First World in 1914. During this period political scientists across Europe and America began to make the world feel the necessity of global peace. They not only pleaded for peace, but also worked out some ways. The universities in Europe and America began to teach a new discipline, International Relations, in order to get rid of the war and keep peace.
It was a common perception of the European warmongers in the nineteenth century that an empire's interests lie in hostility and the best way to achieve it is to fight the enemy to destruction. The trend tended to change after the First World War. Scholars in International Relations analysed the pre-war world politics as power politics and the approach came to be known as realism. It is realism whose legacy the world had to bear until the Second World War ended. By them mankind suffered a lot. About sixty million people were slaughtered in the battlefields of the Second World War. Mankind was horrified by the explosion of nuclear bombs. The need for global peace was felt more intensely than it was done at any time in history before.
Since then the approach to international relations change its course. It became to be known as internationalism, pundits were more vocal for peace rather than for war. They began calculating the losses a war incur. They illustrated the reunifications of a modern war fought with nuclear weapons and became more successful than before in proving that such a war means self-destruction
International Relational and the scholars specialized in this subject managed to make the leaders of the big powers humble. For this another great war could be averted even during the coldest period of the cold war such as in 1962 over the Cuban Crisis and in the late 1940's during the Berlin Airlift.
But the need for global peace never attenuated as the world in spite of the restraints of the big powers of the cold war, has never been in real peace. Civil wars of some sort or other, ethnic riots across Africa, animosities over land claims on both sides of the international frontiers of many countries like India-Pakistan, India-China, Russia-China, Ethiopia-Eritrea, and so on and so forth kept the conflagration of blood shed afire decade after decade. Meanwhile millions kept suffering from these server of violence and hatred poverty, illiteracy, diseases overwhelmed the countries involved in such violence’s. The call for global peace became founder. The LN's failure: The United Nations Organization and its father-institution the League of Nations tried to maintain peace in the world. The League of Nations categorically failed to fulfill what was expected of it. As a result, in less than two decades the world came to see another world war. But the United Nations had some hard earned successes in its pocket. Without it we would have seen more violent in the world.
Nobody in the present day world has the premonition of a big war like the First World War, the Second World War or even a Korean War or, the US and Iraq War. Thus we can say that the days of a big war came to an end. This is because the common perception of a big war is self-destruction. But, on the other hand, the world is undergoing at present hundreds of civil wars or some sort of religious 6r ethnic violence’s. These civil war, which the experts give the euphemism the complex political emergency are taking extensive tolls in many parts of the world. These civil wars are the main threat to global peace in a post-cold war world.
: The sense of peace and security has changed a lot in the twenty first century. Now peace does not mean more absence of war and bloodshed. The anticipation of a healthy and happy life has been associated with peace. Hence the phrase global peace has got a comprehensive garb whose manifestation is peace in the grassroots level or in the family , then in the society and in the state.
It is high time for mankind to understand the importance of global peace. Every year the countries of the world are expending billions of dollars on lethal arsenals. This is a crying shame where millions are dying every year from hunger and diseases. Thus a comprehensive global peace is inevitable for the sake of mankind. The 'world can no longer bear the burden of expenditure on weapon only.
We want to see that humanly prevails everywhere in the world on the twenty first century. This means poverty alleviation and health-care should get priority on global agenda. World leaders have other good reasons in favor of global peace. This is because the world as a whole and the survival of mankind are becoming more and more threatened by the changing of the climate and several phenomena such as global warming, the depletion of the ozone layer, looming along the horizon. Without making peace mankind will, not get around to wake up-to such seemingly disasters.