Population Myths -India China USA Europe Japan
May 23rd 2010
Is it created by politicians, administrators to hide their mismanagement, raise community sentiments?
in India, China
One often hears in India population as the main cause of all problems. How many times you have heard even such extreme statements "the root of all the problems of our country is population”?
Similar is the case with China. One does not know so clearly about China -- what people there talk but what we know is that politicians there have gone to the extent of forcing one child policy or even forced abortions.
Let us check the data
about population, to see how far such sentiments are right. By and large generally people are
even confused about what to count. They will say in India "Oh! billion people,
How can we survive?"
To measure crowd what
one should count is not total population but how many people live per
It does not take one much effort to understand that it is not the total population which matters. After all India has much bigger land area than most countries too, it is natural that its population will be large. So what one should count is population per square kilometer in the country - the density of population (that measures how crowded a country is ).
Now look at the tables
given below - all figures in this article are from those
given by UN agencies ( http://esa.un.org/unpp ) or data
given by CIA
about different countries (
) or from
Density of population
- number of people per kilometer in some countries
The above data
shows that crowd in Japan or Netherlands etc. is at least as much as
China it is even far less. Why then many Indians and Chinese are so
paranoid about crowd in their country? Very few of them perhaps have
gone through this data. They just hear some thing and become
sentimental about it. We will later on explore why this myth might have
been created. But before that another important aspect.
is not total land but how much of the land in a country can have
agriculture (Arable land)
It is not so much the total land which matters. What is important is how much of the land is arable and can have some agriculture. Here is the approximate data of arable land.
Only USA is better placed than India
you take these two figures and calculate how many people are there
per square kilometers of arable land in some of these countries -
rough figures are India
650, USA 180, China 900 Pakistan 800 UK 1000 Netherlands 2000
Japan 3000. All the talk of population being main problem in India or
China seems to be far fetched. Even if you look at expected figures in
2050 of population density per square kilometers of arable land in India it is less than those given above for UK,
Netherlands, Japan etc.
seems to be true for India- Mother nature has given a lot more to India
than most countries
Above figures show that India is much better placed in terms of available land for agriculture than almost all other countries except for USA ( which is far more richer than any other country in this respect). One should admire actually countries like UK, Netherlands or Japan. How well they have done despite such an adverse land conditions. This is not all. Most of other countries, I have mentioned including most parts of USA have much more severe weather. As we study in our schools (in India), Himalayas protect us from cold (India). There are very few countries in world like India where sun shines for almost 9-10 months continuously and still it rains enough in the remaining 2-3 months (some places even 500", though most of India gets just right amount to live comfortable life). Even in winter, it is pleasure to come out of your home and walk. In most of India you feel quite warm outside than inside home. Heating is not really needed. Most homes any way do not have heating. There is almost no snow, except in mountains. Except for summer two months in North India, most of India has pleasant weather for whole year. Even in Kashmir valley in Himalayas, weather is much more pleasant than most of the above mentioned countries in winter. In most of India one can grow 3 crops in a year. Our country is quite protected with Arab lands on one side and south East Asian countries, Thailand etc. on the other side. They protect us from cyclones (or hurricanes). We never had strong ones like the ones USA or Japan get.
one wants from god ? (I use word god -- as in India, nature and god
not considered too different)
If you add all these above gifts further to figures I gave above, there is only one conclusion one can draw. "Shame on us why we have not done well. With such resources, why should we have so large number of working people for whom, we can not provide basic minimal standard of life?" You will also wonder what our politicians, managers, intellectuals are doing?
I think many of these type of myths like population myth have been made popular during last 50 years by leaders of leftists and Congress parties, who were ruling the country. They established a feudal structure rather than a democratic structure of decision making, did not manage our economy and administration at all. They invented all such excuses to make our very enterprising, hardworking and liberal society's average guy, feel as if he is not working and managing while it was them, who were not working and managing.
sustain feudal rule and hide corruption, one needs slogans about
socialism, communism or myths about population
To hide their mismanagement they create such myths. "we have to have socialist economy", "remove poverty", "population is the biggest problem" (I think Chinese have been doing more or less the same, they have recently created one more similar myths, "China -to be world-power number 1" etc.) . In both these countries, in the name of socialist economy, it is the feudalism which ruled and still is powerful. False ideas about populations etc. are popularized. Hangover of this past era is quite visible in general thinking also. For example even in these hubpages, you will see many writing about population being the main or biggest problem in India (or China).
While we just talked about socialism, in countries like USA, Japan or those in West Europe etc., it was implemented.
Why did USA, Western European countries, Japan or even tiny countries like Singapore did much better than us. There seems to be only one reason. They did not just restrict to slogans but implemented the so called socialism. It became a part of basic culture, during last century, in all these countries to create an environment in which every working person earns enough to provide to himself and his family a minimal life of decency. Thus in these countries infra-structure of good schools, universities, roads, rail network, housing, telecom network and entertainment and information network via tv, newspapers movies, food security etc. was developed. We have woken up now after decades of messing up our country. China did wake up two decades earlier than us. But both India and China are still a little far from adopting the above goal of providing a minimal life style to family of every working person, with a full heart. Still a lot of things are lost in such useless slogans created by feudalism structure. Let us hope that we remain focused on this goal and make it as basic driving force for our economic, business and development growth.
We do not need to worry about these trivial
and get lost. We should start managing our affairs better, improve our
Make our cities better, which are among most polluted ones. Build up
structure better. We should worry about
roads, jobs, roti, kapada, makan (bread, clothing, home) etc. Make
our cities villages, roads etc. clean. Make our land green, all this will certainly lead to an environment in which every
working person in India
can provide to himself and his family a life with minimal standard of
living. My assessment is that if we remain focused on this goal we can
achieve in India this goal within a decade. China can perhaps do even
faster if it uses its own strength and richness rather than currency manipulations and it moves away from above mentioned slogans and a false
feudalistic generated pride like being most powerful country etc.
Population myths in USA, Europe, Japan etc.
It may be interesting to note that we are not the only ones lost in such useless myths. One of the big issues in all political games in USA, Western Europe etc. is immigration policy. Japanese are also very particular about their race etc. Many in these countries are worried about their race purity getting lost and number of immigrants already too much more etc. Now let us see some statistics which may throw light on what they will most likely be forced to do in next few decades.
people above 65 in 2010 and in 2050
year 2010 2050
India 4.9% 13.7%
China 8.2% 23.3%
USA 13% 21%
Europe 16% 27%
Japan 22% 38%
Pakistan 4.1% 10%
people between 25-65 in 2010 and 2050 and the year in which total population starts decreasing
year 2010 2050 population starts decreasing
China 55% 51% 2030
India 45% 45.2 % after 2050
USA 52% 50% after 2050
Europe 56% 46% 2015
Japan 54% 42% 2010
Pakistan 39% 51% after 2050
Aging process in these countries as well as China
I have given in figures above the percentages of people above the age of 65 and those between 25-65. Reason I have chosen these figures is that it is reasonable to assume that people between the age of 25-65 will form the main working force in a country. It is this age-group which will support the older population for keeping them better.
These figures tell you a lot. For example one of the trouble with Europe and Japan is that 40 years from now there won't be enough Europeans or Japanese to pay taxes etc. The number of people in the age group 25-65 and those above 65 will be almost equal in these countries. Even in China and USA percentage of people who have to be supported will be much higher. In all these countries average age will increase considerably.
East Europe also has similar problems. In countries like Russia it is a serious issue. Some months back I traveled in interior of Hungary. Every where in the country you see pressure due to deceasing population. Apart from natural aging process, emigration from there has also resulted in enhancing this problem quite a bit.
USA, Europe will have no option but to have immigrant younger population from other countries. China should rethink about its one child policy
How can such a large older percentage of population be supported by the younger lot. There will be indeed financial and sociological problems. Some experts feel this aging has played a crucial role in current crisis too and should be considered important factor while trying to solve these problems. (see references below). USA and Europe will have not much option but to have younger immigrant population to keep burden of older people in proper ratio. Some of their current problems are because they adopted wrong immigration policies.
Immigration and human rights issues in USA, UK, Europe and Canada are often used to satisfy feudal rulers in Muslim and other countries for international (dirty) politics.
As an example I remember one well known music director from India, a Muslim. He was alleged to be involved in the murder of some guy in music business, with the help of an international terrorist Dawood Ibrahim. He ran away and immigrated easily to UK with "human right issue (?)," that he may not get right treatment in India because he is a Muslim. Of course such human right organizations did not perhaps mention to judges that India is among the countries with largest Muslim population and that its President was a Muslim and its richest person at that time was also a Muslim. Actually India may be one country which protects normal human rights much more than practically any other country just out of culture in the country, apart from the laws. Muslims in India must be among most protected and supported ones. But Americans and people from European countries generally declare opposite, aim seems to be to please Pakistan and other Muslim countries for their oil issues or arms sales etc. They also use their power in international institutions etc. for this purpose and even use money power to create or support false human right organizations in countries like India.
Just two days back a Canadian official declared Boarder Security Force (BSF) of India to be a killer organization and refused even a visitor visa to an officer of BSF. Americans have declared one of the best chief ministers of India to be a human right violator against Muslims and denied him a visitor's visa. Even when he did not apply for a visa, Americans declare practically every year that they will not give him a visa. BSF must have saved 100's of thousands of lives and human rights of millions. BSF and Indian army are the organizations which must have saved 100's of thousands of Muslims in Kashmir from terrorist attacks unleashed by Pakistani forces. Many of its officers are Muslims. BSF has the same discipline as Indian army. India itself has many government and nongovernmental organization which consider very seriously any human right violation complain and punish person responsible if needed. We all know what type of human rights armies of some Muslim countries follow. Have you heard any time officials of these countries talking about human right violations there? Why then Americans, Britishers or Canadians are bent on playing such false dramas against Indian officials. Right now because of their trouble in af-pak sector Americans, Britishers, Canadians or Europeans are ready to declare any thing to please Pakistan or other such countries. It is these issues and such dirty posing or international politics which are used much more to decide type of immigrants who are given visa rather than what they need. Then the same ruling lobbies in these countries start raising sentiments and issues of immigrants etc. Records of many criminals, smugglers, terrorists from countries like India show that it is such people who emigrate to some of these countries easily compared to an average well educated guy.
One might feel that these may be among negligible cases. But over the years they pile up. Like now Americans are worried about drug trade or crime via immigrants. It may be interesting to study country and religion wise demography of immigrants and effects it had.
People in USA, India and China should ask themselves why they have not done as well as some of European countries
In the other direction Pakistan's younger population is going to increase. Pakistan and perhaps whole world should worry about what will happen if it does not create proper education set up for this population and they are forced to spend time in violence teaching Madrasas or terrorist networks.
The above population Statistics suggest that USA is almost 4-5 times richer than countries like UK, Netherlands or Germany. Americans should ask themselves why their lifestyle does not reflect this richness. In terms of style of life most European countries actually have over all perhaps better life than USA (medical facilities, pension schemes, unemployment benefits, scholarships for higher education, rail infra structure, electricity infra structure - are these not better in Europe than USA?). India and China are still far behind in using their resources properly.
A separate article may be needed to discuss some of these issues, I may write about it later.
I had discussed in an article talking about financial turmoil population issues in USA. Like their population above 55 may jump to 25% and how that can have consequences in social behavior.
2. I always knew
of course that demography figures are important. But I learnt from some
of articles of the well known American financial expert Spengler (David P. Goldman) that they say a lot more about even current financial or
sociological behavior. For example Spengler could find demographic
figures showing some thing about current Greece crisis or earlier
American troubles with Financial turmoil. Here are links to two of his
many interesting articles.
photos taken from the following