ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Possible solutions of Kashmir Issue

Updated on August 19, 2016

Since independence we have been telling the nation that Kashmir is part of unfinished agenda of the partition plan and Pakistan is incomplete without it. Kashmir issue is thus imbedded in our psyche and we cannot afford a major shift in our declared stance. We have moral and religious obligations towards the Muslim majority in Kashmir. Covert as well as overt support to the Kashmir’s is a compulsion for Pakistan. Pakistan’s principled stance has been that Kashmir is a disputed territory and the issue should be resolved based on UN resolutions through an impartial plebiscite.

However recently while showing flexibility, Pakistan has offered certain solutions proposals in a bid to break the status quo over Kashmir. Pakistan’s principled stand on the Kashmir Issue since 1948 represents the aspirations of the nation. Any major shift in Pakistan’s policy stance at this stage would generate serious public reaction, unless the masses are educated and taken into confidence. With the passage of time and changed geo-strategic environment, Kashmir Issue is now being viewed as a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan and its relevance as a humanitarian and moral issue has diminished.

Consequently, the interest of the world towards early resolution of the dispute has waned and no one seems ready to act as an arbitrator. Due to unresolved Kashmir Issue, acrimony persists between India and Pakistan having serious effects on the economies of both the countries. To foster prosperity for our people, early resolution of issue is, however, an imperative. As an outcome of the indigenous freedom movement, Kashmir’s have emerged as the Third party in the dispute which implies that options other than Kashmir’s accession to either India or Pakistan can also become a reality.

Currently Pakistan is passing through a very delicate stage of its history. Economic degradation and prolonged international isolation have affected the defense potential of the country adversely. Slogans alone will not solve the Kashmir issue unless moral and diplomatic efforts are backed up by a potent military instrument and economic wherewithal.

India since the mid-fifties has refused to recognize the validity of UN resolutions of Kashmir As a matter of policy she considers Kashmir to be a resolved issue and its accession to India at the time of partition as a rightful act of the Maharaja. Above notwithstanding, Pakistan refutes Indian claims and bases its case on the UN resolutions which do not support the accession of Kashmir to India and recognize the right of self determination for the people of Kashmir

Over the years on several occasions, Pakistan tried to resolve the issue through diplomatic means, however the resultant bilateral talks failed due to the rigid stance of the Indian side, insisting that Kashmir is a non-issue. The rapidly changing environment after nuclear explosions in 98 by both the countries has once again brought the Kashmir issue into sharp focus after remaining dormant for decades. Recognizing the need for permanent solution, several possible options are mentioned as follows.

Plebiscite Under the UN Resolutions.

This is the only option which enjoys UN approval and on which both India and Pakistan, had at one stage agreed. However, India currently perceives a sure defeat in such an arrangement which would be too humiliating for her; also the fear of accentuating centrifugal forces in other regions and a backlash against Muslims in other parts of India are linked with this option.

Division Based on Partition Plan.

To divide Kashmir on the principles of partition of the sub-continent i.e. annexation of Muslim majority areas to Pakistan and Hindu dominated area to India, while Buddhists of Ladakh area be given a choice to join either country. In practical terms it would mean, accession of Northern Areas, Azad Kashmir, Valley and Muslim majority areas of Jammu and Ladakh with Pakistan and remaining areas with India. This proposal is generally similar to the long standing proposal of Sir Down Dixon, which envisages division of Jammu & Kashmir for plebiscite into Valley, Jammu, Ladakh, Azad Kashmir including Northern Areas, to enable the people of these four regions to separately decide on accession to either Pakistan or India.

Independent Kashmir.

It envisages an independent and sovereign state comprising of all the parts of Jammu & Kashmir (including Northern Areas and Ladakh). This option is very vigorously being propagated by Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) and has also found favour with some Western countries. The proponents of this option argue that the Kashmir problem concerns the fate of twelve million people; therefore they should have the option to join Pakistan/India or become independent. Some Pakistani intellectuals also support this option on the ground that if Kashmir could get out of Indian clutches it should be acceptable to Pakistan. It is argued that, independent Kashmir, because of common religion, culture, geographical contiguity and enhanced economic ties would be friendly with Pakistan. This option impinges on the strategic interests of both India and Pakistan and may, therefore, not be acceptable. However, the option can be made plausible by leaving Northern Areas with Pakistan and Jammu and Ladakh with India.

An independent “Kashmir Valley ” has also been considered by some as the best solution because it would address the grievances of those who have been fighting against the Indian Government since the insurgency began in 1989. But critics say that, without external assistance, the region would not be economically viable. In the present day, if a regional plebiscite offered independence as an option, it is possible that the majority of Kashmir’s would vote in favor of independence. An independent KashmirValley would have the advantage of giving neither Pakistan nor India a victory out of their longstanding dispute. But although Pakistan might favor the creation of an independent Kashmir Valley, India would be unlikely to agree to the loss of territory involved.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • AshutoshJoshi06 profile image

      Ashutosh Joshi 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      My dear friend, I second your thought when you say "Kashmir is embedded in our psyche". That's the overwhelming feeling that inspires and brainwashes a lot of youth from Pakistan to pick up arms and enter Kashmir as mujaheddin. Same venom has been infused into the gullible Kashmiri minds, thanks to Pakistan's tireless efforts and PhD in this department and a generous helping hand from the separatist forces in the valley.

      Pakistani govt. and the military regime has never been able to get over with that 'psyche' that you mentioned and the obsession is to the extent that it made them fight 4 wars with India and suffer huge losses and defeat. Infact loose substantial territory in carving out a new nation of Bangladesh. As for India we are prospering as the fastest growing economy of the world. As for for Pakistan already in the grip of extreme debt, policy paralysis, home grown terrorism crumbling the state from inside, isolation and even allies turning foes and cutting-off aids. China and Saudi relief is all you gotta count on but your obsession with Kashmir continues.

      There will never be a plebiscite in Kashmir as it is an Indian state and an integral part of India and so shall it be. Our govt needs to figure out a way to expose Pakistan and its duplicity on terrorism to the world and that is already a path that out govt has taken.

      Dream On

      Love & Regards From India

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)