ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Presidential or Parliamentary System in India

Updated on June 7, 2013

There are varied opinions regarding which system of government to be adopted in India:Parliamentary or Presidential.This question emerges from political instability,policy indecision,governance issues that the country is experiencing today.Both types of government has its own advantages and demerits and needs to be examined,judged and implemented keeping the size,nature ,history and its issues.

Parliamentary or Westminster System envisages an council of ministers who are also members of country's legislature and headed by Prime Minister who is the real working head of executive.In this system,head of state or president can either be monarch as in Britain or constitutional head like India.Emphasis in this type of system is on responsibility with the council of ministers as a whole responsible to Parliament.

While in Presidential System,President is the head of state and working head of executive.She chooses her team of executive from amongst citizens and is nearly irremovable during her whole term.The parliament will focus on making laws while executive's job is to implement the laws and administer the system.Main characteristic of this system is stability of law enforcing body.

Situation in India:

In India,various cases are presented regarding the parliamentary system like:

1 The elected members of council of ministers have no formal training of administration and governance and hence actually administration is being run by bureaucrats and politicians have to heavily rely upon them.

2 Since ministers are at same time also member of parliament,they have dual job of framing legislation and afterwards implementing it resulting in diversion of time,energy and resources

3 India with its platitudes of diversity have number of political parties and at national stage often leads to formation of coalition government with razor thin majority at Centre.Hence most of time government is busy appeasing parties and maintaining its majority in Parliament therefore diverting its attention from governance of country.

4 India borrowed Parliamentary System from Britain where are only two national parties unlike India leading to mostly stable and predictable administration and at same time responsible to Parliament also.

If presidential system is adopted in India,it will give stability to the government but it will also take away the element of responsibility from the system which our predecessors so endeared and acquaint with.In terms of BR Ambedkar ,if we have to chose between stability and responsibility we will go with latter one as after so many years of subjugation we can't afford our freedom to lose once again and also we have experience in running parliamentary system of government.Presidential system grants too much power in hands of one individual which will be contrary to visions of founding fathers of our nation.Also then political parties will also not get chance to participate in governance of nation and states and hence will not be sufficiently motivated to involve in the proceedings of legislatures.

Way Forward:

For achieving stability of government for better governance while maintaining responsibility towards Parliament,there is need to enforce certain electoral and political discipline among parties.All political parties and independent members should be required to declare name of political parties which they will join to form coalition government in case they didn't get majority and any change after elections are over should be refused by law.Also ministers like bureaucrats should be given some training regarding general administration and polity issues so as to reduce overdependence on government officials.Inner party democracy like well defined constitution for party,non-issuance of tickets to criminals and mischievous elements will help in better representation of parliament and its smooth conduct and will give more space and time to government for administration.

There is need to accommodate both features of system viz stability and responsibility by taking innovative solutions so that we do not discontinue the institutions and systems which are running for so long time and at same we should also accommodate modern need for better governance and legislation.

Which form of government should India adopt

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I tottaly agree with that which donny had written.

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      nothing to say about it,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, nothing going to change in India ,,,,,,,,, it remain same forever


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)