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Catalonian Independence

Updated on June 1, 2016

Is Catalonia Spain?

Catalan independence flag, called "Estelada".
Catalan independence flag, called "Estelada". | Source

Why they want to be independent?

Many people do not know that in recent years, and especially with the arrival of PP from Mariano Rajoy to the Government of Spain, the situation has worsened in Catalonia. One could say that between Catalonia and Spain has always been differences, culture and language are very important for this region.

Maybe you do not know, but Spain is divided into autonomous communities, with their own Statutes that mark their rights. Therefore, depending on the Statute each community may have different rights. Although this gives a lot of freedom to communities, it can lead to problems with it.

The problem of financing in Spain has always been a problem since the Constitution was promulgated in 1978. The reality of this financial issue is that it is a very poorly organized and horrific model. It is one of the main reasons why Catalonia wants to separate from Spain. The system works as follows: communities raise taxes, they are left with a small portion of them to spend, and the rest is brought to a common fund of the State with the rest of the communities to be redistributed again to the autonomies. In the case that any autonomy would like to change its taxes, it could do it. If it raises taxes above the other communities, the State would win everything. If low taxes, the community would have to pay the difference to the State. Since the regions are not left with all taxes of its citizens, and then the State divides taxes from all communities to try to balance, differences between communities can be created. And so it is.

The truth is that some autonomies collect more taxes than others, in addition, Catalonia is one of the highest-grossing. Moreover, there are some regions that receive less than what they contribute to the common fund. These regions are Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, Valencia and, above all, Madrid. Approximately, every Catalan pays 1,000 euros per year that are intended for other communities, while every resident of Madrid pays about 3,000 euros a year not received. On the other hand, communities that receive more can receive up to 3,000 euros per capita. Hence, can be seen legitimate that the Catalans are angry with the Spanish tax system, they are paying the hypertrophy of the regional administrations when they are not getting the quality services they might have with the contributions they make. Why create wealth in their lands, if they are already receiving for doing nothing.


What is Catalonia?

We assume that on a non-occupied territory could constitute a voluntary state by the principle of original appropriation (homestead principle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homestead_principle), by which anyone is the rightful owner of the resource, and this becomes his private property. However, the independence of Catalonia can not be treated with reference to this subject, but about creating states or forms of government within an existing state.

Catalonian map situation

Regional map of Catalonia.
Regional map of Catalonia. | Source
Geographic map.
Geographic map. | Source
Support of national parties.
Support of national parties.
Election map Catalonia 2015. Green: Junts pel Sí (Together for Yes); orange: Ciutadans (Citizens); red: PSC (Partido Socialista Catalán, Socialists' Party of Catalonia) .
Election map Catalonia 2015. Green: Junts pel Sí (Together for Yes); orange: Ciutadans (Citizens); red: PSC (Partido Socialista Catalán, Socialists' Party of Catalonia) . | Source

Historic context

The independence of Catalonia has gone into the background due to the formation of a new government, the elections last December 20 and the upcoming elections on June 26, in Spain. Despite the neglect, this issue remains one of the main political parties for participants in the race to the government. In addition, within the Catalan territory, it remains a major deal in the streets and in bars in towns and cities subject. However, it has been seen in different surveys that the independence of Catalonia is not the main concern of the Catalans, as they are major problems such as unemployment, the Spanish economy or corruption.

Catalan political parties have expanded their separatist ideas of the Spanish state constitute a new Catalan state. The main ideas of this branch independence based on the total autonomy of Catalonia. The reasons for the separation of Spain may be linguistic, cultural, economic, political or the combination of some of these.

Europe independentist

Movements in Europe.
Movements in Europe.
Active separatist movements in Spain.
Active separatist movements in Spain. | Source

Relationship between liberalism and nationalism

Before starting with the relationship that may exist between these two ideas, I'll explain what I mean by liberalism so that there is no confusion with similar ideas.

Liberalism defends tolerance, respect, voluntariness, equality, the responsibility of each individual, religious freedom, individual liberty, freedom of thought, peace, and everything related to freedom. Moreover, liberalism rejects a society that has the same purposes as the individuals who compose it. Rejects the indebtedness of individuals with society at birth, rejects the paternalistic states that impede full freedom, which leads to that nobody has authority over anyone. It also rejects violence to achieve our vital goals and rejects any border that separates people and prevent the freedom of movement. Finally, says that states do not seek the common good, but the particular good.

Once defined liberalism can determine a relationship between the two. Many nationalist movements have an ideology to break with centralism and opposition to the omnipotent states that enclose all regulations of a controlled territory. In Spain, despite these ideas to break with the state, nationalisms have finished taking the political groups that have little liberal in their ideologies, and basically want to get the power to constitute a new state on the territory they claim. As liberalism defends, anyone has no authority over anyone, therefore, no one has the right to rule over anyone, and dealings with individuals must be through agreement and consensus. From the main bases of liberalism, we reached a fundamental principle is freedom of association and disassociation. Freedom to enter a group or collective and leave. This principle was crucial in the battle for religious freedom, which fortunately in some countries already earned. Unfortunately, today, the flag of liberalism is not present in the current Spanish society.

Map of ideas.
Map of ideas. | Source

The State

As anyone might say when asked what a State is would say it is a territory with population and (the idea that we must reject) sovereignty. Sovereignty is defined as the ultimate power to decide on any of the state's citizens. Therefore, as seen in the previous point, this idea is totally rejected. Steal with taxes, kidnapping in jail or forcing to consume health care, violates the freedom of people, however, it is legitimate if it undertakes this state. Only if each citizen has given him legitimacy, could act as such, otherwise, it is not legitimate and could enable new forms of state.

In the world, the size of the state can be from very small as the Vatican or Monaco, or very large as Russia, Canada, China or the United States. So the concept of division of states by smaller states is entirely possible. The borders have been created in the history of conquest, wars, violence and armies (unless they are drawn with pencil and ruler as in Africa) were not drawn with the consent of the people. Therefore, it should be totally legitimate that people who have been locked in a state, may constitute a new state within its borders corrupt.

Demonstration on Catalonia
Demonstration on Catalonia | Source
Source

Questions to be asked

Sometimes, after reflections, questions remain in the air are more important than what can be exposed and thus give rise to a debate.

Why can a Spanish citizen not be subject to French or British law?

Why can citizens not form their own legislation?

Maybe Catalonia interests separate from all areas except maybe one, why Catalonia can not be separated from all walks less militarily associated with Spain follow?

Why else Catalonia belongs to Spain's sovereignty you have to fall on Spain?

This can give a great debate about individual liberties and freedoms coercing the state.

You can comment whatever you want in the comment section.

POLL

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Great explanation about Catalonia

To get to the topic

Video about pros and cons

Great unique places in Catalonia

Costa Brava, Catalonia.
Costa Brava, Catalonia. | Source
Source
Barcelona, Spain.
Barcelona, Spain. | Source
Montserrat Mountains, Catalonia.
Montserrat Mountains, Catalonia. | Source
Cadaques, Catalonia.
Cadaques, Catalonia. | Source

An interesting book that i have found on Amazon

© 2016 Leonhard Euler

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